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uname (2)
  • uname (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • uname (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • uname (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • uname (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • uname (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • uname (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • uname (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> uname (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • uname (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • uname (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • uname (8) ( Русские man: Команды системного администрирования )
  •  

    NAME

    uname - get name and information about current kernel
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/utsname.h>

    int uname(struct utsname *buf);  

    DESCRIPTION

    uname() returns system information in the structure pointed to by buf. The utsname struct is defined in <sys/utsname.h>:
    
    struct utsname {
        char sysname[];      /* Operating system name (e.g., "Linux") */
        char nodename[];     /* Name within "some implementation-defined
                                network" */
        char release[];      /* OS release (e.g., "2.6.28") */
        char version[];      /* OS version */
        char machine[];      /* Hardware identifier */
    #ifdef _GNU_SOURCE
        char domainname[];   /* NIS or YP domain name */
    #endif
    };
    
    
    The length of the arrays in a struct utsname is unspecified; the fields are terminated by a null byte (aq\0aq).  

    RETURN VALUE

    On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

    ERRORS

    EFAULT
    buf is not valid.
     

    CONFORMING TO

    SVr4, POSIX.1-2001. There is no uname() call in 4.3BSD.

    The domainname member (the NIS or YP domain name) is a GNU extension.  

    NOTES

    This is a system call, and the operating system presumably knows its name, release and version. It also knows what hardware it runs on. So, four of the fields of the struct are meaningful. On the other hand, the field nodename is meaningless: it gives the name of the present machine in some undefined network, but typically machines are in more than one network and have several names. Moreover, the kernel has no way of knowing about such things, so it has to be told what to answer here. The same holds for the additional domainname field.

    To this end Linux uses the system calls sethostname(2) and setdomainname(2). Note that there is no standard that says that the hostname set by sethostname(2) is the same string as the nodename field of the struct returned by uname() (indeed, some systems allow a 256-byte hostname and an 8-byte nodename), but this is true on Linux. The same holds for setdomainname(2) and the domainname field.

    The length of the fields in the struct varies. Some operating systems or libraries use a hardcoded 9 or 33 or 65 or 257. Other systems use SYS_NMLN or _SYS_NMLN or UTSLEN or _UTSNAME_LENGTH. Clearly, it is a bad idea to use any of these constants; just use sizeof(...). Often 257 is chosen in order to have room for an internet hostname.

    Part of the utsname information is also accessible via /proc/sys/kernel/{ostype, hostname, osrelease, version, domainname}.  

    Underlying kernel interface

    Over time, increases in the size of the utsname structure have led to three successive versions of uname(): sys_olduname() (slot __NR_oldolduname), sys_uname() (slot __NR_olduname), and sys_newuname() (slot __NR_uname). The first one used length 9 for all fields; the second used 65; the third also uses 65 but adds the domainname field. The glibc uname() wrapper function hides these details from applications, invoking the most recent version of the system call provided by the kernel.  

    SEE ALSO

    uname(1), getdomainname(2), gethostname(2)  

    COLOPHON

    This page is part of release 3.14 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUE
    ERRORS
    CONFORMING TO
    NOTES
    Underlying kernel interface
    SEE ALSO
    COLOPHON


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