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semctl (3)
  • semctl (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> semctl (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    semctl - XSI semaphore control operations
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/sem.h>

    int semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, ...);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The semctl() function operates on XSI semaphores (see the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.15, Semaphore). It is unspecified whether this function interoperates with the realtime interprocess communication facilities defined in Realtime .

    The semctl() function provides a variety of semaphore control operations as specified by cmd. The fourth argument is optional and depends upon the operation requested. If required, it is of type union semun, which the application shall explicitly declare:

    
    union semun {
        int val;
        struct semid_ds *buf;
        unsigned short  *array;
    } arg;
    
    

    The following semaphore control operations as specified by cmd are executed with respect to the semaphore specified by semid and semnum. The level of permission required for each operation is shown with each command; see XSI Interprocess Communication . The symbolic names for the values of cmd are defined in the <sys/sem.h> header:

    GETVAL
    Return the value of semval; see <sys/sem.h>. Requires read permission.
    SETVAL
    Set the value of semval to arg.val, where arg is the value of the fourth argument to semctl(). When this command is successfully executed, the semadj value corresponding to the specified semaphore in all processes is cleared. Requires alter permission; see XSI Interprocess Communication .
    GETPID
    Return the value of sempid. Requires read permission.
    GETNCNT
    Return the value of semncnt. Requires read permission.
    GETZCNT
    Return the value of semzcnt. Requires read permission.

    The following values of cmd operate on each semval in the set of semaphores:

    GETALL
    Return the value of semval for each semaphore in the semaphore set and place into the array pointed to by arg.array, where arg is the fourth argument to semctl(). Requires read permission.
    SETALL
    Set the value of semval for each semaphore in the semaphore set according to the array pointed to by arg.array, where arg is the fourth argument to semctl(). When this command is successfully executed, the semadj values corresponding to each specified semaphore in all processes are cleared. Requires alter permission.

    The following values of cmd are also available:

    IPC_STAT
    Place the current value of each member of the semid_ds data structure associated with semid into the structure pointed to by arg.buf, where arg is the fourth argument to semctl(). The contents of this structure are defined in <sys/sem.h>. Requires read permission.
    IPC_SET
    Set the value of the following members of the semid_ds data structure associated with semid to the corresponding value found in the structure pointed to by arg.buf, where arg is the fourth argument to semctl():

    
    sem_perm.uid
    sem_perm.gid
    sem_perm.mode
    
    

    The mode bits specified in IPC General Description are copied into the corresponding bits of the sem_perm.mode associated with semid. The stored values of any other bits are unspecified.

    This command can only be executed by a process that has an effective user ID equal to either that of a process with appropriate privileges or to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the semid_ds data structure associated with semid.

    IPC_RMID
    Remove the semaphore identifier specified by semid from the system and destroy the set of semaphores and semid_ds data structure associated with it. This command can only be executed by a process that has an effective user ID equal to either that of a process with appropriate privileges or to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the semid_ds data structure associated with semid.

     

    RETURN VALUE

    If successful, the value returned by semctl() depends on cmd as follows:

    GETVAL
    The value of semval.
    GETPID
    The value of sempid.
    GETNCNT
    The value of semncnt.
    GETZCNT
    The value of semzcnt.
    All others
    0.

    Otherwise, semctl() shall return -1 and set errno to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The semctl() function shall fail if:

    EACCES
    Operation permission is denied to the calling process; see XSI Interprocess Communication .
    EINVAL
    The value of semid is not a valid semaphore identifier, or the value of semnum is less than 0 or greater than or equal to sem_nsems, or the value of cmd is not a valid command.
    EPERM
    The argument cmd is equal to IPC_RMID or IPC_SET and the effective user ID of the calling process is not equal to that of a process with appropriate privileges and it is not equal to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the data structure associated with semid.
    ERANGE
    The argument cmd is equal to SETVAL or SETALL and the value to which semval is to be set is greater than the system-imposed maximum.

    The following sections are informative.  

    EXAMPLES

    None.  

    APPLICATION USAGE

    The fourth parameter in the SYNOPSIS section is now specified as "..." in order to avoid a clash with the ISO C standard when referring to the union semun (as defined in Issue 3) and for backwards-compatibility.

    The POSIX Realtime Extension defines alternative interfaces for interprocess communication. Application developers who need to use IPC should design their applications so that modules using the IPC routines described in XSI Interprocess Communication can be easily modified to use the alternative interfaces.  

    RATIONALE

    None.  

    FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    None.  

    SEE ALSO

    XSI Interprocess Communication , Realtime , semget() , semop() , sem_close() , sem_destroy() , sem_getvalue() , sem_init() , sem_open() , sem_post() , sem_unlink() , sem_wait() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/sem.h>  

    COPYRIGHT

    Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUE
    ERRORS
    EXAMPLES
    APPLICATION USAGE
    RATIONALE
    FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT


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