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semctl (2)
  • >> semctl (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • semctl (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    semctl - semaphore control operations
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/types.h>
    #include <sys/ipc.h>
    #include <sys/sem.h>
    
    int semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd...);
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The semctl() function provides a variety of semaphore control operations as specified by cmd. The fourth argument is optional, depending upon the operation requested. If required, it is of type union semun, which must be explicitly declared by the application program.

    union semun {
           int             val;
           struct semid_ds *buf;
           ushort_t        *array;
    } arg ;
    

    The permission required for a semaphore operation is given as {token}, where token is the type of permission needed. The types of permission are interpreted as follows:

    00400    READ by user
    00200    ALTER by user
    00040    READ by group
    00020    ALTER by group
    00004    READ by others
    00002    ALTER by others
    

    See the Semaphore Operation Permissions subsection of the DEFINITIONS section of Intro(2) for more information. The following semaphore operations as specified by cmd are executed with respect to the semaphore specified by semid and semnum.

    GETVAL

    Return the value of semval (see Intro(2)). {READ}

    SETVAL

    Set the value of semval to arg.val. {ALTER} When this command is successfully executed, the semadj value corresponding to the specified semaphore in all processes is cleared.

    GETPID

    Return the value of (int) sempid. {READ}

    GETNCNT

    Return the value of semncnt. {READ}

    GETZCNT

    Return the value of semzcnt. {READ}

    The following operations return and set, respectively, every semval in the set of semaphores.

    GETALL

    Place semvals into array pointed to by arg.array. {READ}

    SETALL

    Set semvals according to the array pointed to by arg.array. {ALTER}. When this cmd is successfully executed, the semadj values corresponding to each specified semaphore in all processes are cleared.

    The following operations are also available.

    IPC_STAT

    Place the current value of each member of the data structure associated with semid into the structure pointed to by arg.buf. The contents of this structure are defined in Intro(2). {READ}

    IPC_SET

    Set the value of the following members of the data structure associated with semid to the corresponding value found in the structure pointed to by arg.buf:

    sem_perm.uid
    sem_perm.gid
    sem_perm.mode   /* access permission bits only */
    

    This command can be executed only by a process that has either the {PRIV_IPC_OWNER} privilege or an effective user ID equal to the value of msg_perm.cuid or msg_perm.uid in the data structure associated with msqid. Only a process with the {PRIV_SYS_IPC_CONFIG} privilege can raise the value of msg_qbytes.

    IPC_RMID

    Remove the semaphore identifier specified by semid from the system and destroy the set of semaphores and data structure associated with it. This command can be executed only by a process that has the {PRIV_IPC_OWNER} privilege or an effective user ID equal to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the data structure associated with semid.

     

    RETURN VALUES

    Upon successful completion, the value returned depends on cmd as follows:

    GETVAL

    the value of semval

    GETPID

    the value of (int) sempid

    GETNCNT

    the value of semncnt

    GETZCNT

    the value of semzcnt

    All other successful completions return 0; otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The semctl() function will fail if:

    EACCES

    Operation permission is denied to the calling process (see Intro(2)).

    EFAULT

    The source or target is not a valid address in the user process.

    EINVAL

    The semid argument is not a valid semaphore identifier; the semnum argument is less than 0 or greater than sem_nsems -1; or the cmd argument is not a valid command or is IPC_SET and sem_perm.uid or sem_perm.gid is not valid.

    EPERM

    The cmd argument is equal to IPC_RMID or IPC_SET, the effective user ID of the calling process is not equal to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the data structure associated with semid, and {PRIV_IPC_OWNER} is not asserted in the effective set of the calling process.

    EOVERFLOW

    The cmd argument is IPC_STAT and uid or gid is too large to be stored in the structure pointed to by arg.buf.

    ERANGE

    The cmd argument is SETVAL or SETALL and the value to which semval is to be set is greater than the system imposed maximum.

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    Interface StabilityStandard

     

    SEE ALSO

    ipcs(1), Intro(2), semget(2), semop(2), attributes(5), privileges(5), standards(5)


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO


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