The OpenNET Project / Index page

[ новости /+++ | форум | wiki | теги | ]

Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

 ТемаНаборКатегория 
 
 [Cписок руководств | Печать]

sendto (3)
  • sendto (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • sendto (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • sendto (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • sendto (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • >> sendto (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    sendto - send a message on a socket
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/socket.h>

    ssize_t sendto(int socket, const void *message, size_t length,
           int
    flags, const struct sockaddr *dest_addr,
           socklen_t
    dest_len);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The sendto() function shall send a message through a connection-mode or connectionless-mode socket. If the socket is connectionless-mode, the message shall be sent to the address specified by dest_addr. If the socket is connection-mode, dest_addr shall be ignored.

    The sendto() function takes the following arguments:

    socket
    Specifies the socket file descriptor.
    message
    Points to a buffer containing the message to be sent.
    length
    Specifies the size of the message in bytes.
    flags
    Specifies the type of message transmission. Values of this argument are formed by logically OR'ing zero or more of the following flags:
    MSG_EOR
    Terminates a record (if supported by the protocol).
    MSG_OOB
    Sends out-of-band data on sockets that support out-of-band data. The significance and semantics of out-of-band data are protocol-specific.

    dest_addr
    Points to a sockaddr structure containing the destination address. The length and format of the address depend on the address family of the socket.
    dest_len
    Specifies the length of the sockaddr structure pointed to by the dest_addr argument.

    If the socket protocol supports broadcast and the specified address is a broadcast address for the socket protocol, sendto() shall fail if the SO_BROADCAST option is not set for the socket.

    The dest_addr argument specifies the address of the target. The length argument specifies the length of the message.

    Successful completion of a call to sendto() does not guarantee delivery of the message. A return value of -1 indicates only locally-detected errors.

    If space is not available at the sending socket to hold the message to be transmitted and the socket file descriptor does not have O_NONBLOCK set, sendto() shall block until space is available. If space is not available at the sending socket to hold the message to be transmitted and the socket file descriptor does have O_NONBLOCK set, sendto() shall fail.

    The socket in use may require the process to have appropriate privileges to use the sendto() function.  

    RETURN VALUE

    Upon successful completion, sendto() shall return the number of bytes sent. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The sendto() function shall fail if:

    EAFNOSUPPORT
    Addresses in the specified address family cannot be used with this socket.
    EAGAIN] or [EWOULDBLOCK
    The socket's file descriptor is marked O_NONBLOCK and the requested operation would block.
    EBADF
    The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.
    ECONNRESET
    A connection was forcibly closed by a peer.
    EINTR
    A signal interrupted sendto() before any data was transmitted.
    EMSGSIZE
    The message is too large to be sent all at once, as the socket requires.
    ENOTCONN
    The socket is connection-mode but is not connected.
    ENOTSOCK
    The socket argument does not refer to a socket.
    EOPNOTSUPP
    The socket argument is associated with a socket that does not support one or more of the values set in flags.
    EPIPE
    The socket is shut down for writing, or the socket is connection-mode and is no longer connected. In the latter case, and if the socket is of type SOCK_STREAM, the SIGPIPE signal is generated to the calling thread.

    If the address family of the socket is AF_UNIX, then sendto() shall fail if:

    EIO
    An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.
    ELOOP
    A loop exists in symbolic links encountered during resolution of the pathname in the socket address.
    ENAMETOOLONG
    A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire pathname exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.
    ENOENT
    A component of the pathname does not name an existing file or the pathname is an empty string.
    ENOTDIR
    A component of the path prefix of the pathname in the socket address is not a directory.

    The sendto() function may fail if:

    EACCES
    Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix; or write access to the named socket is denied.
    EDESTADDRREQ
    The socket is not connection-mode and does not have its peer address set, and no destination address was specified.
    EHOSTUNREACH
    The destination host cannot be reached (probably because the host is down or a remote router cannot reach it).
    EINVAL
    The dest_len argument is not a valid length for the address family.
    EIO
    An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.
    EISCONN
    A destination address was specified and the socket is already connected. This error may or may not be returned for connection mode sockets.
    ENETDOWN
    The local network interface used to reach the destination is down.
    ENETUNREACH
    No route to the network is present.
    ENOBUFS
    Insufficient resources were available in the system to perform the operation.
    ENOMEM
    Insufficient memory was available to fulfill the request.

    If the address family of the socket is AF_UNIX, then sendto() may fail if:

    ELOOP
    More than {SYMLOOP_MAX} symbolic links were encountered during resolution of the pathname in the socket address.
    ENAMETOOLONG
    Pathname resolution of a symbolic link produced an intermediate result whose length exceeds {PATH_MAX}.

    The following sections are informative.  

    EXAMPLES

    None.  

    APPLICATION USAGE

    The select() and poll() functions can be used to determine when it is possible to send more data.  

    RATIONALE

    None.  

    FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    None.  

    SEE ALSO

    getsockopt() , poll() , recv() , recvfrom() , recvmsg() , select() , send() , sendmsg() , setsockopt() , shutdown() , socket() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/socket.h>  

    COPYRIGHT

    Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUE
    ERRORS
    EXAMPLES
    APPLICATION USAGE
    RATIONALE
    FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT


    Поиск по тексту MAN-ов: 




    Партнёры:
    PostgresPro
    Inferno Solutions
    Hosting by Hoster.ru
    Хостинг:

    Закладки на сайте
    Проследить за страницей
    Created 1996-2024 by Maxim Chirkov
    Добавить, Поддержать, Вебмастеру