poll - input/output multiplexing
#include <poll.h> int poll(struct pollfd fds, nfds_t nfds, int timeout);
The poll() function provides applications with a mechanism for multiplexing input/output over a set of file descriptors. For each member of the array pointed to by fds, poll() examines the given file descriptor for the event(s) specified in events. The number of pollfd structures in the fds array is specified by nfds. The poll() function identifies those file descriptors on which an application can read or write data, or on which certain events have occurred.
The fds argument specifies the file descriptors to be examined and the events of interest for each file descriptor. It is a pointer to an array with one member for each open file descriptor of interest. The array's members are pollfd structures, which contain the following members:
int fd; /* file descriptor */ short events; /* requested events */ short revents; /* returned events */
The fd member specifies an open file descriptor and the events and revents members are bitmasks constructed by a logical OR operation of any combination of the following event flags:
If the value fd is less than 0, events is ignored and revents is set to 0 in that entry on return from poll().
The results of the poll() query are stored in the revents member in the pollfd structure. Bits are set in the revents bitmask to indicate which of the requested events are true. If none are true, none of the specified bits are set in revents when the poll() call returns. The event flags POLLHUP, POLLERR, and POLLNVAL are always set in revents if the conditions they indicate are true; this occurs even though these flags were not present in events.
If none of the defined events have occurred on any selected file descriptor, poll() waits at least timeout milliseconds for an event to occur on any of the selected file descriptors. On a computer where millisecond timing accuracy is not available, timeout is rounded up to the nearest legal value available on that system. If the value timeout is 0, poll() returns immediately. If the value of timeout is -1, poll() blocks until a requested event occurs or until the call is interrupted. The poll() function is not affected by the O_NDELAY and O_NONBLOCK flags.
The poll() function supports regular files, terminal and pseudo-terminal devices, STREAMS-based files, FIFOs and pipes. The behavior of poll() on elements of fds that refer to other types of file is unspecified.
The poll() function supports sockets.
A file descriptor for a socket that is listening for connections will indicate that it is ready for reading, once connections are available. A file descriptor for a socket that is connecting asynchronously will indicate that it is ready for writing, once a connection has been established.
Regular files always poll() TRUE for reading and writing.
Upon successful completion, a non-negative value is returned. A positive value indicates the total number of file descriptors that has been selected (that is, file descriptors for which the revents member is non-zero). A value of 0 indicates that the call timed out and no file descriptors have been selected. Upon failure, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
The poll() function will fail if:
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
Intro(2), getmsg(2), getrlimit(2), putmsg(2), read(2), write(2), select(3C), attributes(5), standards(5), chpoll(9E)
STREAMS Programming Guide
Non-STREAMS drivers use chpoll(9E) to implement poll() on these devices.
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Created 1996-2021 by Maxim Chirkov
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