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msgsnd (2)
  • >> msgsnd (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • msgsnd (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • msgsnd (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • msgsnd (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • msgsnd (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    msgsnd - message send operation
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/msg.h>
    
    int msgsnd(int msqid, const void *msgp, size_t msgsz, int msgflg);
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The msgsnd() function is used to send a message to the queue associated with the message queue identifier specified by msqid.

    The msgp argument points to a user-defined buffer that must contain first a field of type long int that will specify the type of the message, and then a data portion that will hold the data bytes of the message. The structure below is an example of what this user-defined buffer might look like:

    struct  mymsg {
           long  mtype;     /* message type */
           char  mtext[1];  /* message text */
    }
    

    The mtype member is a non-zero positive type long int that can be used by the receiving process for message selection.

    The mtext member is any text of length msgsz bytes. The msgsz argument can range from 0 to a system-imposed maximum.

    The msgflg argument specifies the action to be taken if one or more of the following are true:

    o The number of bytes already on the queue is equal to msg_qbytes. See Intro(2).
    o The total number of messages on the queue would exceed the maximum allowed by the system. See NOTES.

    These actions are as follows:

    o If (msgflg&IPC_NOWAIT) is non-zero, the message will not be sent and the calling process will return immediately.
    o If (msgflg&IPC_NOWAIT) is 0, the calling process will suspend execution until one of the following occurs:
    o The condition responsible for the suspension no longer exists, in which case the message is sent.
    o The message queue identifier msqid is removed from the system (see msgctl(2)); when this occurs, errno is set equal to EIDRM and -1 is returned.
    o The calling process receives a signal that is to be caught; in this case the message is not sent and the calling process resumes execution in the manner prescribed in sigaction(2).

    Upon successful completion, the following actions are taken with respect to the data structure associated with msqid (see Intro(2)):

    o msg_qnum is incremented by 1.
    o msg_lspid is set equal to the process ID of the calling process.
    o msg_stime is set equal to the current time.
     

    RETURN VALUES

    Upon successful completion, 0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned, no message is sent, and errno is set to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The msgsnd() function will fail if:

    EACCES

    Operation permission is denied to the calling process. See Intro(2).

    EAGAIN

    The message cannot be sent for one of the reasons cited above and (msgflg&IPC_NOWAIT) is non-zero.

    EIDRM

    The message queue identifier msgid is removed from the system.

    EINTR

    The msgsnd() function was interrupted by a signal.

    EINVAL

    The value of msqid is not a valid message queue identifier, or the value of mtype is less than 1.

    The value of msgsz is less than 0 or greater than the system-imposed limit.

    The msgsnd() function may fail if:

    EFAULT

    The msgp argument points to an illegal address.

     

    USAGE

    The value passed as the msgp argument should be converted to type void *.  

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    Interface StabilityStandard

     

    SEE ALSO

    rctladm(1M), Intro(2), msgctl(2), msgget(2), msgrcv(2), setrctl(2), sigaction(2), attributes(5), standards(5)  

    NOTES

    The maximum number of messages allowed on a message queue is the minimum enforced value of the process.max-msg-messages resource control of the creating process at the time msgget(2) was used to allocate the queue.


     See rctladm(1M) and setrctl(2) for information about using resource controls.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    USAGE
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO
    NOTES


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