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rtprio (1)
  • >> rtprio (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • rtprio (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    rtprio
    
     
    idprio
    
     - execute, examine or modify a utility's or process's realtime
    
    or idletime scheduling priority
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    [id|rt]prio
    [id|rt]prio [-pid ]
    [id|rt]prio priority command [args]
    [id|rt]prio priority -pid
    [id|rt]prio -t command [args]
    [id|rt]prio -t -pid  

    DESCRIPTION

    The [id|rt]prio utility is used for controlling realtime process scheduling.

    The idprio utility is used for controlling idletime process scheduling, and can be called with the same options as .

    A process with a realtime priority is not subject to priority degradation, and will only be preempted by another process of equal or higher realtime priority.

    A process with an idle priority will run only when no other process is runnable and then only if its idle priority is equal or greater than all other runnable idle priority processes.

    Both [id|rt]prio or idprio when called without arguments will return the realtime priority of the current process.

    If [id|rt]prio is called with 1 argument, it will return the realtime priority of the process with the specified pid

    If priority is specified, the process or program is run at that realtime priority. If -t is specified, the process or program is run as a normal (non-realtime) process.

    If -pid is specified, the process with the process identifier pid will be modified, else if command is specified, that program is run with its arguments.

    Priority is an integer between 0 and RTP_PRIO_MAX (usually 31). 0 is the highest priority

    Pid of 0 means "the current process".

    Only root is allowed to set realtime or idle priority for a process.  

    EXIT STATUS

    If [id|rt]prio execute a command, the exit value is that of the command executed. In all other cases, [id|rt]prio exits 0 on success, and 1 for all other errors.  

    EXAMPLES

    To see which realtime priority the current process is at:
    rtprio

    To see which realtime priority of process 1423:

    "rtprio 1423"

    To run cron(8) at the lowest realtime priority:

    "rtprio 31 cron"

    To change the realtime priority of process 1423 to 16:

    "rtprio 16 -1423"

    To run tcpdump(1) without realtime priority:

    "rtprio -t tcpdump"

    To change the realtime priority of process 1423 to RTP_PRIO_NORMAL (non-realtime/normal priority):

    "rtprio -t -1423"

    To make depend while not disturbing other machine usage:

    "idprio 31 make depend"
     

    SEE ALSO

    nice(1), ps(1), rtprio(2), setpriority(2), nice(3), renice(8)  

    HISTORY

    The [id|rt]prio utility appeared in Fx 2.0 , but is similar to the HP-UX version.  

    CAVEATS

    You can lock yourself out of the system by placing a cpu-heavy process in a realtime priority.  

    AUTHORS

    An -nosplit An Henrik Vestergaard Draboel Aq hvd@terry.ping.dk is the original author. This implementation in Fx was substantially rewritten by An David Greenman .  

    BUGS

    There is no way to set/view the realtime priority of process 0 (swapper) (see ps(1)).

    There is in Fx no way to ensure that a process page is present in memory therefore the process may be stopped for pagein (see mprotect(2), madvise(2)).

    Under Fx system calls are currently never preempted, therefore non-realtime processes can starve realtime processes, or idletime processes can starve normal priority processes.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXIT STATUS
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    CAVEATS
    AUTHORS
    BUGS


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