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ln (1)
  • ln (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ln (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ln (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> ln (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ln (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )


    ln - make links between files


    ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME (1st form)
    ln [OPTION]... TARGET (2nd form)
    ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY (3rd form)
    ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET... (4th form)  


    In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME. In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory. In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY. Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic. When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.

    Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

    make a backup of each existing destination file
    like --backup but does not accept an argument
    -d, -F, --directory
    allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)
    -f, --force
    remove existing destination files
    -n, --no-dereference
    treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file
    -i, --interactive
    prompt whether to remove destinations
    -s, --symbolic
    make symbolic links instead of hard links
    -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
    override the usual backup suffix
    -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
    specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links
    -T, --no-target-directory
    treat LINK_NAME as a normal file
    -v, --verbose
    print name of each file before linking
    display this help and exit
    output version information and exit

    The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:

    none, off
    never make backups (even if --backup is given)
    numbered, t
    make numbered backups
    existing, nil
    numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
    simple, never
    always make simple backups


    Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.  


    Report bugs to <>.  


    Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  


    The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the command
    info ln

    should give you access to the complete manual.




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