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Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

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ln (1)
  • ln (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> ln (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ln (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ln (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ln (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    ln
    
     
    link
    
     - make links
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    [-Ffhinsv ] source_file [target_file ]
    [-Ffhinsv ] source_file ... target_dir
    link source_file target_file  

    DESCRIPTION

    The utility creates a new directory entry (linked file) which has the same modes as the original file. It is useful for maintaining multiple copies of a file in many places at once without using up storage for the ``copies'' instead, a link ``points'' to the original copy. There are two types of links; hard links and symbolic links. How a link ``points'' to a file is one of the differences between a hard and symbolic link.

    The options are as follows:

    -f
    If the target file already exists, then unlink it so that the link may occur. (The -f option overrides any previous -i options.)
    -F
    If the target file already exists and is a directory, then remove it so that the link may occur. The -F option should be used with either -f or -i options. If none is specified, -f is implied. The -F option is a no-op unless -s option is specified.
    -h
    If the target_file or target_dir is a symbolic link, do not follow it. This is most useful with the -f option, to replace a symlink which may point to a directory.
    -i
    Cause to write a prompt to standard error if the target file exists. If the response from the standard input begins with the character `y ' or `Y ' then unlink the target file so that the link may occur. Otherwise, do not attempt the link. (The -i option overrides any previous -f options.)
    -n
    Same as -h for compatibility with other implementations.
    -s
    Create a symbolic link.
    -v
    Cause to be verbose, showing files as they are processed.

    By default, makes hard links. A hard link to a file is indistinguishable from the original directory entry; any changes to a file are effectively independent of the name used to reference the file. Hard links may not normally refer to directories and may not span file systems.

    A symbolic link contains the name of the file to which it is linked. The referenced file is used when an open(2) operation is performed on the link. A stat(2) on a symbolic link will return the linked-to file; an lstat(2) must be done to obtain information about the link. The readlink(2) call may be used to read the contents of a symbolic link. Symbolic links may span file systems and may refer to directories.

    Given one or two arguments, creates a link to an existing file source_file If target_file is given, the link has that name; target_file may also be a directory in which to place the link; otherwise it is placed in the current directory. If only the directory is specified, the link will be made to the last component of source_file

    Given more than two arguments, makes links in target_dir to all the named source files. The links made will have the same name as the files being linked to.

    When the utility is called as link exactly two arguments must be supplied, neither of which may specify a directory. No options may be supplied in this simple mode of operation, which performs a link(2) operation using the two passed arguments.  

    COMPATIBILITY

    The -h -i -n and -v options are non-standard and their use in scripts is not recommended. They are provided solely for compatibility with other implementations.

    The -F option is Fx extention and should not be used in portable scripts.  

    SEE ALSO

    link(2), lstat(2), readlink(2), stat(2), symlink(2), symlink(7)  

    STANDARDS

    The utility conforms to St -p1003.2-92 .

    The simplified link command conforms to St -susv2 .  

    HISTORY

    An command appeared in AT&T System v1 .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    COMPATIBILITY
    SEE ALSO
    STANDARDS
    HISTORY


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