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brk (2)
  • brk (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> brk (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • brk (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • brk (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    brk
    
     
    sbrk
    
     - change data segment size
    
     
    

    LIBRARY

    Lb libc
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
    int brk (const void *addr);
    void * sbrk (intptr_t incr);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    Bf -symbolic The brk ();
    and sbrk ();
    functions are legacy interfaces from before the advent of modern virtual memory management. Ef

    The brk ();
    and sbrk ();
    functions are used to change the amount of memory allocated in a process's data segment. They do this by moving the location of the ``break'' The break is the first address after the end of the process's uninitialized data segment (also known as the ``BSS )''

    The brk ();
    function sets the break to Fa addr .

    The sbrk ();
    function raises the break by Fa incr bytes, thus allocating at least Fa incr bytes of new memory in the data segment. If Fa incr is negative, the break is lowered by Fa incr bytes.  

    NOTES

    While the actual process data segment size maintained by the kernel will only grow or shrink in page sizes, these functions allow setting the break to unaligned values (i.e., it may point to any address inside the last page of the data segment).

    The current value of the program break may be determined by calling sbrk (0 .);
    See also end(3).

    The getrlimit(2) system call may be used to determine the maximum permissible size of the data segment. It will not be possible to set the break beyond ``etext + rlim.rlim_max '' where the rlim.rlim_max value is returned from a call to getrlimit (RLIMIT_DATA &rlim .);
    (See end(3) for the definition of etext )  

    RETURN VALUES

    Rv -std brk

    The sbrk ();
    function returns the prior break value if successful; otherwise the value Po Vt void * Pc Ns -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The brk ();
    and sbrk ();
    functions will fail if:

    Bq Er EINVAL
    The requested break value was beyond the beginning of the data segment.
    Bq Er ENOMEM
    The data segment size limit, as set by setrlimit(2), was exceeded.
    Bq Er ENOMEM
    Insufficient space existed in the swap area to support the expansion of the data segment.

     

    SEE ALSO

    execve(2), getrlimit(2), mmap(2), end(3), free(3), malloc(3)  

    HISTORY

    The brk ();
    function appeared in AT&T System v7 .  

    BUGS

    Mixing brk ();
    or sbrk ();
    with malloc(3), free(3), or similar functions will result in non-portable program behavior.

    Setting the break may fail due to a temporary lack of swap space. It is not possible to distinguish this from a failure caused by exceeding the maximum size of the data segment without consulting getrlimit(2).


     

    Index

    NAME
    LIBRARY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTES
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    BUGS


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