The verify(8) address verification server maintains a record
of what recipient addresses are known to be deliverable or
Addresses are verified by injecting probe messages into the
Postfix queue. Probe messages are run through all the routing
and rewriting machinery except for final delivery, and are
discarded rather than being deferred or bounced.
Address verification relies on the answer from the nearest
MTA for the specified address, and will therefore not detect
all undeliverable addresses.
The verify(8) server is designed to run under control
by the Postfix
master server. It maintains an optional persistent database.
To avoid being interrupted by "postfix stop" in the middle
of a database update, the process runs in a separate process
The verify(8) server implements the following requests:
update address status text
Update the status and text of the specified address.
Look up the status and text for the specified address.
If the status is unknown, a probe is sent and an "in progress"
status is returned.
The address verification server is not security-sensitive. It does
not talk to the network, and it does not talk to local users.
The verify server can run chrooted at fixed low privilege.
The address verification server can be coerced to store
unlimited amounts of garbage. Limiting the cache size
trades one problem (disk space exhaustion) for another
one (poor response time to client requests).
Problems and transactions are logged to syslogd(8).
The address verification service is suitable only for sites that
handle a low mail volume. Verification probes add additional
traffic to the mail queue and perform poorly under high load.
Servers may blacklist sites that probe excessively, or that
probe excessively for non-existent recipient addresses.
If the persistent database ever gets corrupted then the world
comes to an end and human intervention is needed. This violates
a basic Postfix principle.
Changes to main.cf are not picked up automatically,
processes are persistent. Use the command "postfix reload" after
a configuration change.
The text below provides only a parameter summary. See
postconf(5) for more details including examples.
Optional lookup table for persistent address verification status
The sender address to use in address verification probes.
The time after which a successful probe expires from the address
The time after which a successful address verification probe needs
to be refreshed.
Enable caching of failed address verification probe results.
The time after which a failed probe expires from the address
The time after which a failed address verification probe needs to
PROBE MESSAGE ROUTING CONTROLS
By default, probe messages are delivered via the same route
as regular messages. The following parameters can be used to
override specific message routing mechanisms.
Overrides the relayhost parameter setting for address verification
Overrides the transport_maps parameter setting for address verification
Overrides the local_transport parameter setting for address