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Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

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sendfile (3)
  • sendfile (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • sendfile (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • sendfile (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> sendfile (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • Ключ sendfile обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.
  •  

    NAME

    sendfile - send files over sockets or copy files to files
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    cc [ flag... ] file... -lsendfile [ library... ]
    #include <sys/sendfile.h>
    
    ssize_t sendfile(int out_fd, int in_fd, off_t *off, size_t len);
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The sendfile() function copies data from in_fd to out_fd starting at offset off and of length len bytes. The in_fd argument should be a file descriptor to a regular file opened for reading. See open(2). The out_fd argument should be a file descriptor to a regular file opened for writing or to a connected AF_INET or AF_INET6 socket of SOCK_STREAM type. See socket(3SOCKET). The off argument is a pointer to a variable holding the input file pointer position from which the data will be read. After sendfile() has completed, the variable will be set to the offset of the byte following the last byte that was read. The sendfile() function does not modify the current file pointer of in_fd, but does modify the file pointer for out_fd if it is a regular file.

    The sendfile() function can also be used to send buffers by pointing in_fd to SFV_FD_SELF.  

    RETURN VALUES

    Upon successful completion, sendfile() returns the total number of bytes written to out_fd and also updates the offset to point to the byte that follows the last byte read. Otherwise, it returns -1, and errno is set to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The sendfile() function will fail if:

    EAFNOSUPPORT

    The implementation does not support the specified address family for socket.

    EAGAIN

    Mandatory file or record locking is set on either the file descriptor or output file descriptor if it points at regular files. O_NDELAY or O_NONBLOCK is set, and there is a blocking record lock. An attempt has been made to write to a stream that cannot accept data with the O_NDELAY or the O_NONBLOCK flag set.

    EBADF

    The out_fd or in_fd argument is either not a valid file descriptor, out_fd is not opened for writing. or in_fd is not opened for reading.

    EINVAL

    The offset cannot be represented by the off_t structure, or the length is negative when cast to ssize_t.

    EIO

    An I/O error occurred while accessing the file system.

    ENOTCONN

    The socket is not connected.

    EOPNOTSUPP

    The socket type is not supported.

    EPIPE

    The out_fd argument is no longer connected to the peer endpoint.

    EINTR

    A signal was caught during the write operation and no data was transferred.

     

    USAGE

    The sendfile() function has a transitional interface for 64-bit file offsets. See lf64(5).  

    EXAMPLES

    Example 1 Sending a Buffer Over a Socket

    The following example demonstrates how to send the buffer buf over a socket. At the end, it prints the number of bytes transferred over the socket from the buffer. It assumes that addr will be filled up appropriately, depending upon where to send the buffer.

    int tfd;
    off_t baddr;
    struct sockaddr_in sin;
    char buf[64 * 1024];
    in_addr_t addr;
    size_t len;
           
    tfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (tfd == -1) {
       perror("socket");
       exit(1);
    }
    
    sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
    sin.sin_addr.s_addr = addr;    /* Fill in the  appropriate address. */
    sin.sin_port = htons(2345);
    if (connect(tfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin))<0) {
       perror("connect");
       exit(1);
    }
    
    baddr = (off_t)buf;
    len = sizeof(buf);
    while (len > 0) {
       ssize_t res;
       res = sendfile(tfd, SFV_FD_SELF, &baddr, len);
       if (res == -1)
               if (errno != EINTR) {
                       perror("sendfile");
                       exit(1);
               } else continue;
       len -= res;
    }
    

    Example 2 Transferring Files to Sockets

    The following program demonstrates a transfer of files to sockets:

    int ffd, tfd;
    off_t off;
    struct sockaddr_in sin;
    in_addr_t  addr;
    int len;
    struct stat stat_buf;
    ssize_t len;
    
    ffd = open("file", O_RDONLY);
    if (ffd == -1) {
       perror("open");
       exit(1);
    }
    
    tfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (tfd == -1) {
       perror("socket");
       exit(1);
    }
    
    sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
    sin.sin_addr = addr;    /* Fill in the  appropriate address. */
    sin.sin_port = htons(2345);
    if (connect(tfd, (struct sockaddr *) &sin, sizeof(sin)) <0) {
       perror("connect");
       exit(1);
    }
    
    if (fstat(ffd, &stat_buf) == -1) {
       perror("fstat");
       exit(1);
    }
    
    len = stat_buf.st_size;
    while (len > 0) {
       ssize_t res;
       res = sendfile(tfd, ffd, &off, len);
       if (res == -1)
               if (errno != EINTR) {
                       perror("sendfile");
                       exit(1);
               } else continue;
       len -= res;
    }
    

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    Interface StabilityEvolving

    MT-Level

     

    SEE ALSO

    open(2), libsendfile(3LIB), sendfilev(3EXT), socket(3SOCKET), attributes(5), lf64(5)


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    USAGE
    EXAMPLES
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO


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