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postconf (5)
  • postconf (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • postconf (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> postconf (5) ( Linux man: Форматы файлов )
  •  

    NAME

    postconf
    -
    Postfix configuration parameters
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    postconf parameter ...
    
    postconf -e "parameter=value" ...
    
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The Postfix main.cf configuration file specifies a small subset of all the parameters that control the operation of the Postfix mail system. Parameters not specified in main.cf are left at their default values.

    The general format of the main.cf file is as follows:

    *
    Each logical line has the form "parameter = value". Whitespace around the "=" is ignored, as is whitespace at the end of a logical line.
    *
    Empty lines and whitespace-only lines are ignored, as are lines whose first non-whitespace character is a `#'.
    *
    A logical line starts with non-whitespace text. A line that starts with whitespace continues a logical line.
    *
    A parameter value may refer to other parameters.
    *
    The expressions "$name", "${name}" or "$(name)" are recursively replaced by the value of the named parameter.
    *
    The expression "${name?value}" expands to "value" when "$name" is non-empty. This form is supported with Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    *
    The expression "${name:value}" expands to "value" when "$name" is empty. This form is supported with Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    *
    When the same parameter is defined multiple times, only the last instance is remembered.
    *
    Otherwise, the order of main.cf parameter definitions does not matter.

    The remainder of this document is a description of all Postfix configuration parameters. Default values are shown after the parameter name in parentheses, and can be looked up with the "postconf -d" command.

    Note: this is not an invitation to make changes to Postfix configuration parameters. Unnecessary changes can impair the operation of the mail system.  

    2bounce_notice_recipient (default: postmaster)

    The recipient of undeliverable mail that cannot be returned to the sender. This feature is enabled with the notify_classes parameter.  

    access_map_reject_code (default: 554)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server response code when a client is rejected by an access(5) map restriction.

    Do not change this unless you have a complete understanding of RFC 821.  

    address_verify_default_transport (default: $default_transport)

    Overrides the default_transport parameter setting for address verification probes.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_local_transport (default: $local_transport)

    Overrides the local_transport parameter setting for address verification probes.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_map (default: empty)

    Optional lookup table for persistent address verification status storage. The table is maintained by the verify(8) service, and is opened before the process releases privileges.

    By default, the information is kept in volatile memory, and is lost after "postfix reload" or "postfix stop".

    Specify a location in a file system that will not fill up. If the database becomes corrupted, the world comes to an end. To recover delete the file and do "postfix reload".

    Examples:

    address_verify_map = hash:/etc/postfix/verify
    address_verify_map = btree:/etc/postfix/verify
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_negative_cache (default: yes)

    Enable caching of failed address verification probe results. When this feature is enabled, the cache may pollute quickly with garbage. When this feature is disabled, Postfix will generate an address probe for every lookup.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_negative_expire_time (default: 3d)

    The time after which a failed probe expires from the address verification cache.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_negative_refresh_time (default: 3h)

    The time after which a failed address verification probe needs to be refreshed.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_poll_count (default: 3)

    How many times to query the verify(8) service for the completion of an address verification request in progress.

    The default poll count is 3.

    Specify 1 to implement a crude form of greylisting, that is, always defer the first delivery request for a never seen before address.

    Example:

    address_verify_poll_count = 1
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_poll_delay (default: 3s)

    The delay between queries for the completion of an address verification request in progress.

    The default polling delay is 3 seconds.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_positive_expire_time (default: 31d)

    The time after which a successful probe expires from the address verification cache.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_positive_refresh_time (default: 7d)

    The time after which a successful address verification probe needs to be refreshed. The address verification status is not updated when the probe fails (optimistic caching).

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_relay_transport (default: $relay_transport)

    Overrides the relay_transport parameter setting for address verification probes.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_relayhost (default: $relayhost)

    Overrides the relayhost parameter setting for address verification probes. This information can be overruled with the transport(5) table.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_sender (default: postmaster)

    The sender address to use in address verification probes. To avoid problems with address probes that are sent in response to address probes, the Postfix SMTP server excludes the probe sender address from all SMTPD access blocks.

    Specify an empty value (address_verify_sender =) or <> if you want to use the null sender address. Beware, some sites reject mail from <>, even though RFCs require that such addresses be accepted.

    Examples:

    address_verify_sender = <>
    address_verify_sender = postmaster@my.domain
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_sender_dependent_relayhost_maps (default: empty)

    Overrides the sender_dependent_relayhost_maps parameter setting for address verification probes.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    address_verify_service_name (default: verify)

    The name of the verify(8) address verification service. This service maintains the status of sender and/or recipient address verification probes, and generates probes on request by other Postfix processes.  

    address_verify_transport_maps (default: $transport_maps)

    Overrides the transport_maps parameter setting for address verification probes.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    address_verify_virtual_transport (default: $virtual_transport)

    Overrides the virtual_transport parameter setting for address verification probes.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    alias_database (default: see postconf -d output)

    The alias databases for local(8) delivery that are updated with "newaliases" or with "sendmail -bi".

    This is a separate configuration parameter because not all the tables specified with $alias_maps have to be local files.

    Examples:

    alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
    alias_database = hash:/etc/mail/aliases
    
     

    alias_maps (default: see postconf -d output)

    The alias databases that are used for local(8) delivery. See aliases(5) for syntax details.

    The default list is system dependent. On systems with NIS, the default is to search the local alias database, then the NIS alias database.

    If you change the alias database, run "postalias /etc/aliases" (or wherever your system stores the mail alias file), or simply run "newaliases" to build the necessary DBM or DB file.

    The local(8) delivery agent disallows regular expression substitution of $1 etc. in alias_maps, because that would open a security hole.

    The local(8) delivery agent will silently ignore requests to use the proxymap(8) server within alias_maps. Instead it will open the table directly. Before Postfix version 2.2, the local(8) delivery agent will terminate with a fatal error.

    Examples:

    alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, nis:mail.aliases
    alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
    
     

    allow_mail_to_commands (default: alias, forward)

    Restrict local(8) mail delivery to external commands. The default is to disallow delivery to "|command" in :include: files (see aliases(5) for the text that defines this terminology).

    Specify zero or more of: alias, forward or include, in order to allow commands in aliases(5), .forward files or in :include: files, respectively.

    Example:

    allow_mail_to_commands = alias,forward,include
    
     

    allow_mail_to_files (default: alias, forward)

    Restrict local(8) mail delivery to external files. The default is to disallow "/file/name" destinations in :include: files (see aliases(5) for the text that defines this terminology).

    Specify zero or more of: alias, forward or include, in order to allow "/file/name" destinations in aliases(5), .forward files and in :include: files, respectively.

    Example:

    allow_mail_to_files = alias,forward,include
    
     

    allow_min_user (default: no)

    Allow a recipient address to have `-' as the first character. By default, this is not allowed, to avoid accidents with software that passes email addresses via the command line. Such software would not be able to distinguish a malicious address from a bona fide command-line option. Although this can be prevented by inserting a "--" option terminator into the command line, this is difficult to enforce consistently and globally.  

    allow_percent_hack (default: yes)

    Enable the rewriting of the form "user%domain" to "user@domain". This is enabled by default.

    Note: with Postfix version 2.2, message header address rewriting happens only when one of the following conditions is true:

    *
    The message is received with the Postfix sendmail(1) command,
    *
    The message is received from a network client that matches $local_header_rewrite_clients,
    *
    The message is received from the network, and the remote_header_rewrite_domain parameter specifies a non-empty value.

    To get the behavior before Postfix version 2.2, specify "local_header_rewrite_clients = static:all".

    Example:

    allow_percent_hack = no
    
     

    allow_untrusted_routing (default: no)

    Forward mail with sender-specified routing (user[@%!]remote[@%!]site) from untrusted clients to destinations matching $relay_domains.

    By default, this feature is turned off. This closes a nasty open relay loophole where a backup MX host can be tricked into forwarding junk mail to a primary MX host which then spams it out to the world.

    This parameter also controls if non-local addresses with sender-specified routing can match Postfix access tables. By default, such addresses cannot match Postfix access tables, because the address is ambiguous.  

    alternate_config_directories (default: empty)

    A list of non-default Postfix configuration directories that may be specified with "-c config_directory" on the command line, or via the MAIL_CONFIG environment parameter.

    This list must be specified in the default Postfix configuration directory, and is used by set-gid Postfix commands such as postqueue(1) and postdrop(1).  

    always_bcc (default: empty)

    Optional address that receives a "blind carbon copy" of each message that is received by the Postfix mail system.

    Note: if mail to the BCC address bounces it will be returned to the sender.

    Note: automatic BCC recipients are produced only for new mail. To avoid mailer loops, automatic BCC recipients are not generated for mail that Postfix forwards internally, nor for mail that Postfix generates itself.  

    anvil_rate_time_unit (default: 60s)

    The time unit over which client connection rates and other rates are calculated.

    This feature is implemented by the anvil(8) service which is not part of the stable Postfix version 2.1 release.

    The default interval is relatively short. Because of the high frequency of updates, the anvil(8) server uses volatile memory only. Thus, information is lost whenever the process terminates.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    anvil_status_update_time (default: 600s)

    How frequently the anvil(8) connection and rate limiting server logs peak usage information.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    append_at_myorigin (default: yes)

    With locally submitted mail, append the string "@$myorigin" to mail addresses without domain information. With remotely submitted mail, append the string "@$remote_header_rewrite_domain" instead.

    Note 1: this feature is enabled by default and must not be turned off. Postfix does not support domain-less addresses.

    Note 2: with Postfix version 2.2, message header address rewriting happens only when one of the following conditions is true:

    *
    The message is received with the Postfix sendmail(1) command,
    *
    The message is received from a network client that matches $local_header_rewrite_clients,
    *
    The message is received from the network, and the remote_header_rewrite_domain parameter specifies a non-empty value.

    To get the behavior before Postfix version 2.2, specify "local_header_rewrite_clients = static:all".  

    append_dot_mydomain (default: yes)

    With locally submitted mail, append the string ".$mydomain" to addresses that have no ".domain" information. With remotely submitted mail, append the string ".$remote_header_rewrite_domain" instead.

    Note 1: this feature is enabled by default. If disabled, users will not be able to send mail to "user@partialdomainname" but will have to specify full domain names instead.

    Note 2: with Postfix version 2.2, message header address rewriting happens only when one of the following conditions is true:

    *
    The message is received with the Postfix sendmail(1) command,
    *
    The message is received from a network client that matches $local_header_rewrite_clients,
    *
    The message is received from the network, and the remote_header_rewrite_domain parameter specifies a non-empty value.

    To get the behavior before Postfix version 2.2, specify "local_header_rewrite_clients = static:all".  

    application_event_drain_time (default: 100s)

    How long the postkick(1) command waits for a request to enter the server's input buffer before giving up.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    authorized_flush_users (default: static:anyone)

    List of users who are authorized to flush the queue.

    By default, all users are allowed to flush the queue. Access is always granted if the invoking user is the super-user or the $mail_owner user. Otherwise, the real UID of the process is looked up in the system password file, and access is granted only if the corresponding login name is on the access list. The username "unknown" is used for processes whose real UID is not found in the password file.

    Specify a list of user names, "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. The list is matched left to right, and the search stops on the first match. Specify "!name" to exclude a name from the list. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a name matches a lookup key (the lookup result is ignored). Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.  

    authorized_mailq_users (default: static:anyone)

    List of users who are authorized to view the queue.

    By default, all users are allowed to view the queue. Access is always granted if the invoking user is the super-user or the $mail_owner user. Otherwise, the real UID of the process is looked up in the system password file, and access is granted only if the corresponding login name is on the access list. The username "unknown" is used for processes whose real UID is not found in the password file.

    Specify a list of user names, "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. The list is matched left to right, and the search stops on the first match. Specify "!name" to exclude a name from the list. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a name matches a lookup key (the lookup result is ignored). Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.  

    authorized_submit_users (default: static:anyone)

    List of users who are authorized to submit mail with the sendmail(1) command (and with the privileged postdrop(1) helper command).

    By default, all users are allowed to submit mail. Otherwise, the real UID of the process is looked up in the system password file, and access is granted only if the corresponding login name is on the access list. The username "unknown" is used for processes whose real UID is not found in the password file. To deny mail submission access to all users specify an empty list.

    Specify a list of user names, "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. The list is matched left to right, and the search stops on the first match. Specify "!name" to exclude a name from the list. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a name matches a lookup key (the lookup result is ignored). Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    Example:

    authorized_submit_users = !www, static:all
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.  

    authorized_verp_clients (default: $mynetworks)

    What SMTP clients are allowed to specify the XVERP command. This command requests that mail be delivered one recipient at a time with a per recipient return address.

    By default, only trusted clients are allowed to specify XVERP.

    This parameter was introduced with Postfix version 1.1. Postfix version 2.1 renamed this parameter to smtpd_authorized_verp_clients and changed the default to none.

    Specify a list of network/netmask patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. The mask specifies the number of bits in the network part of a host address. You can also specify hostnames or \&.domain names (the initial dot causes the domain to match any name below it), "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a table entry matches a lookup string (the lookup result is ignored). Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    Note: IP version 6 address information must be specified inside [] in the authorized_verp_clients value, and in files specified with "/file/name". IP version 6 addresses contain the ":" character, and would otherwise be confused with a "type:table" pattern.  

    backwards_bounce_logfile_compatibility (default: yes)

    Produce additional bounce(8) logfile records that can be read by Postfix versions before 2.0. The current and more extensible "name = value" format is needed in order to implement more sophisticated functionality.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    berkeley_db_create_buffer_size (default: 16777216)

    The per-table I/O buffer size for programs that create Berkeley DB hash or btree tables. Specify a byte count.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    berkeley_db_read_buffer_size (default: 131072)

    The per-table I/O buffer size for programs that read Berkeley DB hash or btree tables. Specify a byte count.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    best_mx_transport (default: empty)

    Where the Postfix SMTP client should deliver mail when it detects a "mail loops back to myself" error condition. This happens when the local MTA is the best SMTP mail exchanger for a destination not listed in $mydestination, $inet_interfaces, $proxy_interfaces, $virtual_alias_domains, or $virtual_mailbox_domains. By default, the Postfix SMTP client returns such mail as undeliverable.

    Specify, for example, "best_mx_transport = local" to pass the mail from the Postfix SMTP client to the local(8) delivery agent. You can specify any message delivery "transport" or "transport:nexthop" that is defined in the master.cf file. See the transport(5) manual page for the syntax and meaning of "transport" or "transport:nexthop".

    However, this feature is expensive because it ties up a Postfix SMTP client process while the local(8) delivery agent is doing its work. It is more efficient (for Postfix) to list all hosted domains in a table or database.  

    biff (default: yes)

    Whether or not to use the local biff service. This service sends "new mail" notifications to users who have requested new mail notification with the UNIX command "biff y".

    For compatibility reasons this feature is on by default. On systems with lots of interactive users, the biff service can be a performance drain. Specify "biff = no" in main.cf to disable.  

    body_checks (default: empty)

    Optional lookup tables for content inspection as specified in the body_checks(5) manual page.

    Note: with Postfix versions before 2.0, these rules inspect all content after the primary message headers.  

    body_checks_size_limit (default: 51200)

    How much text in a message body segment (or attachment, if you prefer to use that term) is subjected to body_checks inspection. The amount of text is limited to avoid scanning huge attachments.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    bounce_notice_recipient (default: postmaster)

    The recipient of postmaster notifications with the message headers of mail that Postfix did not deliver and of SMTP conversation transcripts of mail that Postfix did not receive. This feature is enabled with the notify_classes parameter.  

    bounce_queue_lifetime (default: 5d)

    The maximal time a bounce message is queued before it is considered undeliverable. By default, this is the same as the queue life time for regular mail.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is d (days).

    Specify 0 when mail delivery should be tried only once.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    bounce_service_name (default: bounce)

    The name of the bounce(8) service. This service maintains a record of failed delivery attempts and generates non-delivery notifications.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    bounce_size_limit (default: 50000)

    The maximal amount of original message text that is sent in a non-delivery notification. Specify a byte count. If you increase this limit, then you should increase the mime_nesting_limit value proportionally.  

    bounce_template_file (default: empty)

    Pathname of a configuration file with bounce message templates. These override the built-in templates of delivery status notification (DSN) messages for undeliverable mail, for delayed mail, successful delivery, or delivery verification. The bounce(5) manual page describes how to edit and test template files.

    Template message body text may contain $name references to Postfix configuration parameters. The result of $name expansion can be previewed with "postconf -b file_name" before the file is placed into the Postfix configuration directory.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    broken_sasl_auth_clients (default: no)

    Enable inter-operability with SMTP clients that implement an obsolete version of the AUTH command (RFC 2554). Examples of such clients are MicroSoft Outlook Express version 4 and MicroSoft Exchange version 5.0.

    Specify "broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes" to have Postfix advertise AUTH support in a non-standard way.  

    canonical_classes (default: envelope_sender, envelope_recipient, header_sender, header_recipient)

    What addresses are subject to canonical_maps address mapping. By default, canonical_maps address mapping is applied to envelope sender and recipient addresses, and to header sender and header recipient addresses.

    Specify one or more of: envelope_sender, envelope_recipient, header_sender, header_recipient

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.  

    canonical_maps (default: empty)

    Optional address mapping lookup tables for message headers and envelopes. The mapping is applied to both sender and recipient addresses, in both envelopes and in headers, as controlled with the canonical_classes parameter. This is typically used to clean up dirty addresses from legacy mail systems, or to replace login names by Firstname.Lastname. The table format and lookups are documented in canonical(5). For an overview of Postfix address manipulations see the ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document.

    If you use this feature, run "postmap /etc/postfix/canonical" to build the necessary DBM or DB file after every change. The changes will become visible after a minute or so. Use "postfix reload" to eliminate the delay.

    Note: with Postfix version 2.2, message header address mapping happens only when message header address rewriting is enabled:

    *
    The message is received with the Postfix sendmail(1) command,
    *
    The message is received from a network client that matches $local_header_rewrite_clients,
    *
    The message is received from the network, and the remote_header_rewrite_domain parameter specifies a non-empty value.

    To get the behavior before Postfix version 2.2, specify "local_header_rewrite_clients = static:all".

    Examples:

    canonical_maps = dbm:/etc/postfix/canonical
    canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/canonical
    
     

    cleanup_service_name (default: cleanup)

    The name of the cleanup(8) service. This service rewrites addresses into the standard form, and performs canonical(5) address mapping and virtual(5) aliasing.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    command_directory (default: see postconf -d output)

    The location of all postfix administrative commands.  

    command_execution_directory (default: empty)

    The local(8) delivery agent working directory for delivery to external command. Failure to change directory causes the delivery to be deferred.

    The following $name expansions are done on command_execution_directory before the directory is changed. Expansion happens in the context of the delivery request. The result of $name expansion is filtered with the character set that is specified with the execution_directory_expansion_filter parameter.

    $user
    The recipient's username.
    $shell
    The recipient's login shell pathname.
    $home
    The recipient's home directory.
    $recipient
    The full recipient address.
    $extension
    The optional recipient address extension.
    $domain
    The recipient domain.
    $local
    The entire recipient localpart.
    $recipient_delimiter
    The system-wide recipient address extension delimiter.
    ${name?value}
    Expands to value when $name is non-empty.
    ${name:value}
    Expands to value when $name is empty.

    Instead of $name you can also specify ${name} or $(name).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.  

    command_expansion_filter (default: see postconf -d output)

    Restrict the characters that the local(8) delivery agent allows in $name expansions of $mailbox_command. Characters outside the allowed set are replaced by underscores.  

    command_time_limit (default: 1000s)

    Time limit for delivery to external commands. This limit is used by the local(8) delivery agent, and is the default time limit for delivery by the pipe(8) delivery agent.

    Note: if you set this time limit to a large value you must update the global ipc_timeout parameter as well.  

    config_directory (default: see postconf -d output)

    The default location of the Postfix main.cf and master.cf configuration files. This can be overruled via the following mechanisms:
    *
    The MAIL_CONFIG environment variable (daemon processes and commands).
    *
    The "-c" command-line option (commands only).

    With Postfix command that run with set-gid privileges, a config_directory override requires either root privileges, or it requires that the directory is listed with the alternate_config_directories parameter in the default main.cf file.  

    connection_cache_protocol_timeout (default: 5s)

    Time limit for connection cache connect, send or receive operations. The time limit is enforced in the client.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    connection_cache_service (default: scache)

    The name of the scache(8) connection cache service. This service maintains a limited pool of cached sessions.  

    connection_cache_status_update_time (default: 600s)

    How frequently the scache(8) server logs usage statistics with connection cache hit and miss rates for logical destinations and for physical endpoints.  

    connection_cache_ttl_limit (default: 2s)

    The maximal time-to-live value that the scache(8) connection cache server allows. Requests that specify a larger TTL will be stored with the maximum allowed TTL. The purpose of this additional control is to protect the infrastructure against careless people. The cache TTL is already bounded by $max_idle.  

    content_filter (default: empty)

    The name of a mail delivery transport that filters mail after it is queued.

    This parameter uses the same syntax as the right-hand side of a Postfix transport(5) table. This setting has a lower precedence than a content filter that is specified with an access(5) table or in a header_checks(5) or body_checks(5) table.  

    daemon_directory (default: see postconf -d output)

    The directory with Postfix support programs and daemon programs. These should not be invoked directly by humans. The directory must be owned by root.  

    daemon_timeout (default: 18000s)

    How much time a Postfix daemon process may take to handle a request before it is terminated by a built-in watchdog timer.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    debug_peer_level (default: 2)

    The increment in verbose logging level when a remote client or server matches a pattern in the debug_peer_list parameter.  

    debug_peer_list (default: empty)

    Optional list of remote client or server hostname or network address patterns that cause the verbose logging level to increase by the amount specified in $debug_peer_level.

    Specify domain names, network/netmask patterns, "/file/name" patterns or "type:table" lookup tables. The right-hand side result from "type:table" lookups is ignored.

    Pattern matching of domain names is controlled by the parent_domain_matches_subdomains parameter.

    Examples:

    debug_peer_list = 127.0.0.1
    debug_peer_list = some.domain
    
     

    debugger_command (default: empty)

    The external command to execute when a Postfix daemon program is invoked with the -D option.

    Use "command .. & sleep 5" so that the debugger can attach before the process marches on. If you use an X-based debugger, be sure to set up your XAUTHORITY environment variable before starting Postfix.

    Example:

    debugger_command =
        PATH=/usr/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin
        xxgdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5
    
     

    default_database_type (default: see postconf -d output)

    The default database type for use in newaliases(1), postalias(1) and postmap(1) commands. On many UNIX systems the default type is either dbm or hash. The default setting is frozen when the Postfix system is built.

    Examples:

    default_database_type = hash
    default_database_type = dbm
    
     

    default_delivery_slot_cost (default: 5)

    How often the Postfix queue manager's scheduler is allowed to preempt delivery of one message with another.

    Each transport maintains a so-called "available delivery slot counter" for each message. One message can be preempted by another one when the other message can be delivered using no more delivery slots (i.e., invocations of delivery agents) than the current message counter has accumulated (or will eventually accumulate - see about slot loans below). This parameter controls how often is the counter incremented - it happens after each default_delivery_slot_cost recipients have been delivered.

    The cost of 0 is used to disable the preempting scheduling completely. The minimum value the scheduling algorithm can use is 2 - use it if you want to maximize the message throughput rate. Although there is no maximum, it doesn't make much sense to use values above say 50.

    The only reason why the value of 2 is not the default is the way this parameter affects the delivery of mailing-list mail. In the worst case, their delivery can take somewhere between (cost+1/cost) and (cost/cost-1) times more than if the preemptive scheduler was disabled. The default value of 5 turns out to provide reasonable message response times while making sure the mailing-list deliveries are not extended by more than 20-25 percent even in the worst case.

    Examples:

    default_delivery_slot_cost = 0
    default_delivery_slot_cost = 2
    
     

    default_delivery_slot_discount (default: 50)

    The default value for transport-specific _delivery_slot_discount settings.

    This parameter speeds up the moment when a message preemption can happen. Instead of waiting until the full amount of delivery slots required is available, the preemption can happen when transport_delivery_slot_discount percent of the required amount plus transport_delivery_slot_loan still remains to be accumulated. Note that the full amount will still have to be accumulated before another preemption can take place later.  

    default_delivery_slot_loan (default: 3)

    The default value for transport-specific _delivery_slot_loan settings.

    This parameter speeds up the moment when a message preemption can happen. Instead of waiting until the full amount of delivery slots required is available, the preemption can happen when transport_delivery_slot_discount percent of the required amount plus transport_delivery_slot_loan still remains to be accumulated. Note that the full amount will still have to be accumulated before another preemption can take place later.  

    default_destination_concurrency_limit (default: 20)

    The default maximal number of parallel deliveries to the same destination. This is the default limit for delivery via the lmtp(8), pipe(8), smtp(8) and virtual(8) delivery agents.  

    default_destination_recipient_limit (default: 50)

    The default maximal number of recipients per message delivery. This is the default limit for delivery via the lmtp(8), pipe(8), smtp(8) and virtual(8) delivery agents.

    Setting this parameter to a value of 1 changes the meaning of the corresponding per-destination concurrency limit from concurrency per domain into concurrency per recipient.  

    default_extra_recipient_limit (default: 1000)

    The default value for the extra per-transport limit imposed on the number of in-memory recipients. This extra recipient space is reserved for the cases when the Postfix queue manager's scheduler preempts one message with another and suddenly needs some extra recipients slots for the chosen message in order to avoid performance degradation.  

    default_minimum_delivery_slots (default: 3)

    How many recipients a message must have in order to invoke the Postfix queue manager's scheduling algorithm at all. Messages which would never accumulate at least this many delivery slots (subject to slot cost parameter as well) are never preempted.  

    default_privs (default: nobody)

    The default rights used by the local(8) delivery agent for delivery to external file or command. These rights are used when delivery is requested from an aliases(5) file that is owned by root, or when delivery is done on behalf of root. DO NOT SPECIFY A PRIVILEGED USER OR THE POSTFIX OWNER.  

    default_process_limit (default: 100)

    The default maximal number of Postfix child processes that provide a given service. This limit can be overruled for specific services in the master.cf file.  

    default_rbl_reply (default: see postconf -d output)

    The default SMTP server response template for a request that is rejected by an RBL-based restriction. This template can be overruled by specific entries in the optional rbl_reply_maps lookup table.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.

    The template is subject to exactly one level of $name substitution:

    $client
    The client hostname and IP address, formatted as name[address].
    $client_address
    The client IP address.
    $client_name
    The client hostname or "unknown". See reject_unknown_client_hostname for more details.
    $reverse_client_name
    The client hostname from address->name lookup, or "unknown". See reject_unknown_reverse_client_hostname for more details.
    $helo_name
    The hostname given in HELO or EHLO command or empty string.
    $rbl_class
    The blacklisted entity type: Client host, Helo command, Sender address, or Recipient address.
    $rbl_code
    The numerical SMTP response code, as specified with the maps_rbl_reject_code configuration parameter. Note: The numerical SMTP response code is required, and must appear at the start of the reply. With Postfix version 2.3 and later this information may be followed by an RFC 3463 enhanced status code.
    $rbl_domain
    The RBL domain where $rbl_what is blacklisted.
    $rbl_reason
    The reason why $rbl_what is blacklisted, or an empty string.
    $rbl_what
    The entity that is blacklisted (an IP address, a hostname, a domain name, or an email address whose domain was blacklisted).
    $recipient
    The recipient address or <> in case of the null address.
    $recipient_domain
    The recipient domain or empty string.
    $recipient_name
    The recipient address localpart or <> in case of null address.
    $sender
    The sender address or <> in case of the null address.
    $sender_domain
    The sender domain or empty string.
    $sender_name
    The sender address localpart or <> in case of the null address.
    ${name?text}
    Expands to `text' if $name is not empty.
    ${name:text}
    Expands to `text' if $name is empty.

    Instead of $name you can also specify ${name} or $(name).

    Note: when an enhanced status code is specified in an RBL reply template, it is subject to modification. The following transformations are needed when the same RBL reply template is used for client, helo, sender, or recipient access restrictions.

    *
    When rejecting a sender address, the Postfix SMTP server will transform a recipient DSN status (e.g., 4.1.1-4.1.6) into the corresponding sender DSN status, and vice versa.
    *
    When rejecting non-address information (such as the HELO command argument or the client hostname/address), the Postfix SMTP server will transform a sender or recipient DSN status into a generic non-address DSN status (e.g., 4.0.0).
     

    default_recipient_limit (default: 10000)

    The default per-transport upper limit on the number of in-memory recipients. These limits take priority over the global qmgr_message_recipient_limit after the message has been assigned to the respective transports. See also default_extra_recipient_limit and qmgr_message_recipient_minimum.  

    default_transport (default: smtp)

    The default mail delivery transport and next-hop destination for destinations that do not match $mydestination, $inet_interfaces, $proxy_interfaces, $virtual_alias_domains, $virtual_mailbox_domains, or $relay_domains. In order of decreasing precedence, the nexthop destination is taken from $default_transport, $sender_dependent_relayhost_maps, $relayhost, or from the recipient domain. This information can be overruled with the transport(5) table.

    Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf. The :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the transport(5) manual page.

    Example:

    default_transport = uucp:relayhostname
    
     

    default_verp_delimiters (default: +=)

    The two default VERP delimiter characters. These are used when no explicit delimiters are specified with the SMTP XVERP command or with the "sendmail -V" command-line option. Specify characters that are allowed by the verp_delimiter_filter setting.

    This feature is available in Postfix 1.1 and later.  

    defer_code (default: 450)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server response code when a remote SMTP client request is rejected by the "defer" restriction.

    Do not change this unless you have a complete understanding of RFC 821.  

    defer_service_name (default: defer)

    The name of the defer service. This service is implemented by the bounce(8) daemon and maintains a record of failed delivery attempts and generates non-delivery notifications.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    defer_transports (default: empty)

    The names of message delivery transports that should not deliver mail unless someone issues "sendmail -q" or equivalent. Specify zero or more names of mail delivery transports names that appear in the first field of master.cf.

    Example:

    defer_transports = smtp
    
     

    delay_logging_resolution_limit (default: 2)

    The maximal number of digits after the decimal point when logging sub-second delay values. Specify a number in the range 0..6.

    Large delay values are rounded off to an integral number seconds; delay values below the delay_logging_resolution_limit are logged as "0", and small delay values are logged with at most two-digit precision.

    The format of the "delays=a/b/c/d" logging is as follows:

    *
    a = time before the queue manager, including message transmission
    *
    b = time in queue manager
    *
    c = time in connection setup, including DNS, EHLO and TLS
    *
    d = time in message transmission

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    delay_notice_recipient (default: postmaster)

    The recipient of postmaster notifications with the message headers of mail that cannot be delivered within $delay_warning_time time units.

    This feature is enabled with the delay_warning_time parameter.  

    delay_warning_time (default: 0h)

    The time after which the sender receives the message headers of mail that is still queued.

    To enable this feature, specify a non-zero time value (an integral value plus an optional one-letter suffix that specifies the time unit).

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is h (hours).  

    deliver_lock_attempts (default: 20)

    The maximal number of attempts to acquire an exclusive lock on a mailbox file or bounce(8) logfile.  

    deliver_lock_delay (default: 1s)

    The time between attempts to acquire an exclusive lock on a mailbox file or bounce(8) logfile.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    disable_dns_lookups (default: no)

    Disable DNS lookups in the Postfix SMTP and LMTP clients. When disabled, hosts are looked up with the gethostbyname() system library routine which normally also looks in /etc/hosts.

    DNS lookups are enabled by default.  

    disable_mime_input_processing (default: no)

    Turn off MIME processing while receiving mail. This means that no special treatment is given to Content-Type: message headers, and that all text after the initial message headers is considered to be part of the message body.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.

    Mime input processing is enabled by default, and is needed in order to recognize MIME headers in message content.  

    disable_mime_output_conversion (default: no)

    Disable the conversion of 8BITMIME format to 7BIT format. Mime output conversion is needed when the destination does not advertise 8BITMIME support.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    disable_verp_bounces (default: no)

    Disable sending one bounce report per recipient.

    The default, one per recipient, is what ezmlm needs.

    This feature is available in Postfix 1.1 and later.  

    disable_vrfy_command (default: no)

    Disable the SMTP VRFY command. This stops some techniques used to harvest email addresses.

    Example:

    disable_vrfy_command = no
    
     

    dont_remove (default: 0)

    Don't remove queue files and save them to the "saved" mail queue. This is a debugging aid. To inspect the envelope information and content of a Postfix queue file, use the postcat(1) command.  

    double_bounce_sender (default: double-bounce)

    The sender address of postmaster notifications that are generated by the mail system. All mail to this address is silently discarded, in order to terminate mail bounce loops.  

    duplicate_filter_limit (default: 1000)

    The maximal number of addresses remembered by the address duplicate filter for aliases(5) or virtual(5) alias expansion, or for showq(8) queue displays.  

    empty_address_recipient (default: MAILER-DAEMON)

    The recipient of mail addressed to the null address. Postfix does not accept such addresses in SMTP commands, but they may still be created locally as the result of configuration or software error.  

    enable_errors_to (default: no)

    Report mail delivery errors to the address specified with the non-standard Errors-To: message header, instead of the envelope sender address (this feature is removed with Postfix version 2.2, is turned off by default with Postfix version 2.1, and is always turned on with older Postfix versions).  

    enable_original_recipient (default: yes)

    Enable support for the X-Original-To message header. This header is needed for multi-recipient mailboxes.

    When this parameter is set to yes, the cleanup(8) daemon performs duplicate elimination on distinct pairs of (original recipient, rewritten recipient), and generates non-empty original recipient queue file records.

    When this parameter is set to no, the cleanup(8) daemon performs duplicate elimination on the rewritten recipient address only, and generates empty original recipient queue file records.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later. With Postfix version 2.0, support for the X-Original-To message header is always turned on. Postfix versions before 2.0 have no support for the X-Original-To message header.  

    error_notice_recipient (default: postmaster)

    The recipient of postmaster notifications about mail delivery problems that are caused by policy, resource, software or protocol errors. These notifications are enabled with the notify_classes parameter.  

    error_service_name (default: error)

    The name of the error(8) pseudo delivery agent. This service always returns mail as undeliverable.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    execution_directory_expansion_filter (default: see postconf -d output)

    Restrict the characters that the local(8) delivery agent allows in $name expansions of $command_execution_directory. Characters outside the allowed set are replaced by underscores.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.  

    expand_owner_alias (default: no)

    When delivering to an alias "aliasname" that has an "owner-aliasname" companion alias, set the envelope sender address to the expansion of the "owner-aliasname" alias. Normally, Postfix sets the envelope sender address to the name of the "owner-aliasname" alias.  

    export_environment (default: see postconf -d output)

    The list of environment variables that a Postfix process will export to non-Postfix processes. The TZ variable is needed for sane time keeping on System-V-ish systems.

    Specify a list of names and/or name=value pairs, separated by whitespace or comma. The name=value form is supported with Postfix version 2.1 and later.

    Example:

    export_environment = TZ PATH=/bin:/usr/bin
    
     

    extract_recipient_limit (default: 10240)

    The maximal number of recipient addresses that Postfix will extract from message headers when mail is submitted with "sendmail -t".

    This feature was removed in Postfix version 2.1.  

    fallback_relay (default: empty)

    Optional list of relay hosts for SMTP destinations that can't be found or that are unreachable. With Postfix 2.3 this parameter is renamed to smtp_fallback_relay.

    By default, mail is returned to the sender when a destination is not found, and delivery is deferred when a destination is unreachable.

    The fallback relays must be SMTP destinations. Specify a domain, host, host:port, [host]:port, [address] or [address]:port; the form [host] turns off MX lookups. If you specify multiple SMTP destinations, Postfix will try them in the specified order.

    Note: before Postfix 2.2, do not use the fallback_relay feature when relaying mail for a backup or primary MX domain. Mail would loop between the Postfix MX host and the fallback_relay host when the final destination is unavailable.

    *
    In main.cf specify "relay_transport = relay",
    *
    In master.cf specify "-o fallback_relay =" (i.e., empty) at the end of the relay entry.
    *
    In transport maps, specify "relay:nexthop..." as the right-hand side for backup or primary MX domain entries.

    Postfix version 2.2 and later will not use the fallback_relay feature for destinations that it is MX host for.  

    fallback_transport (default: empty)

    Optional message delivery transport that the local(8) delivery agent should use for names that are not found in the aliases(5) or UNIX password database.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.  

    fallback_transport_maps (default: empty)

    Optional lookup tables with per-recipient message delivery transports for recipients that the local(8) delivery agent could not find in the aliases(5) or UNIX password database.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.

    For safety reasons, this feature does not allow $number substitutions in regular expression maps.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    fast_flush_domains (default: $relay_domains)

    Optional list of destinations that are eligible for per-destination logfiles with mail that is queued to those destinations.

    By default, Postfix maintains "fast flush" logfiles only for destinations that the Postfix SMTP server is willing to relay to (i.e. the default is: "fast_flush_domains = $relay_domains"; see the relay_domains parameter in the postconf(5) manual).

    Specify a list of hosts or domains, "/file/name" patterns or "type:table" lookup tables, separated by commas and/or whitespace. Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when the domain or its parent domain appears as lookup key.

    Specify "fast_flush_domains =" (i.e., empty) to disable the feature altogether.  

    fast_flush_purge_time (default: 7d)

    The time after which an empty per-destination "fast flush" logfile is deleted.

    You can specify the time as a number, or as a number followed by a letter that indicates the time unit: s=seconds, m=minutes, h=hours, d=days, w=weeks. The default time unit is days.  

    fast_flush_refresh_time (default: 12h)

    The time after which a non-empty but unread per-destination "fast flush" logfile needs to be refreshed. The contents of a logfile are refreshed by requesting delivery of all messages listed in the logfile.

    You can specify the time as a number, or as a number followed by a letter that indicates the time unit: s=seconds, m=minutes, h=hours, d=days, w=weeks. The default time unit is hours.  

    fault_injection_code (default: 0)

    Force specific internal tests to fail, to test the handling of errors that are difficult to reproduce otherwise.  

    flush_service_name (default: flush)

    The name of the flush(8) service. This service maintains per-destination logfiles with the queue file names of mail that is queued for those destinations.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    fork_attempts (default: 5)

    The maximal number of attempts to fork() a child process.  

    fork_delay (default: 1s)

    The delay between attempts to fork() a child process.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    forward_expansion_filter (default: see postconf -d output)

    Restrict the characters that the local(8) delivery agent allows in $name expansions of $forward_path. Characters outside the allowed set are replaced by underscores.  

    forward_path (default: see postconf -d output)

    The local(8) delivery agent search list for finding a .forward file with user-specified delivery methods. The first file that is found is used.

    The following $name expansions are done on forward_path before the search actually happens. The result of $name expansion is filtered with the character set that is specified with the forward_expansion_filter parameter.

    $user
    The recipient's username.
    $shell
    The recipient's login shell pathname.
    $home
    The recipient's home directory.
    $recipient
    The full recipient address.
    $extension
    The optional recipient address extension.
    $domain
    The recipient domain.
    $local
    The entire recipient localpart.
    $recipient_delimiter
    The system-wide recipient address extension delimiter.
    ${name?value}
    Expands to value when $name is non-empty.
    ${name:value}
    Expands to value when $name is empty.

    Instead of $name you can also specify ${name} or $(name).

    Examples:

    forward_path = /var/forward/$user
    forward_path =
        /var/forward/$user/.forward$recipient_delimiter$extension,
        /var/forward/$user/.forward
    
     

    frozen_delivered_to (default: yes)

    Update the local(8) delivery agent's idea of the Delivered-To: address (see prepend_delivered_header) only once, at the start of a delivery attempt; do not update the Delivered-To: address while expanding aliases or .forward files.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later. With older Postfix releases, the behavior is as if this parameter is set to "no". The old setting can be expensive with deeply nested aliases or .forward files. When an alias or .forward file changes the Delivered-To: address, it ties up one queue file and one cleanup process instance while mail is being forwarded.  

    hash_queue_depth (default: 1)

    The number of subdirectory levels for queue directories listed with the hash_queue_names parameter.

    After changing the hash_queue_names or hash_queue_depth parameter, execute the command "postfix reload".  

    hash_queue_names (default: deferred, defer)

    The names of queue directories that are split across multiple subdirectory levels.

    Before Postfix version 2.2, the default list of hashed queues was significantly larger. Claims about improvements in file system technology suggest that hashing of the incoming and active queues is no longer needed. Fewer hashed directories speed up the time needed to restart Postfix.

    After changing the hash_queue_names or hash_queue_depth parameter, execute the command "postfix reload".  

    header_address_token_limit (default: 10240)

    The maximal number of address tokens are allowed in an address message header. Information that exceeds the limit is discarded. The limit is enforced by the cleanup(8) server.  

    header_checks (default: empty)

    Optional lookup tables for content inspection of primary non-MIME message headers, as specified in the header_checks(5) manual page.  

    header_size_limit (default: 102400)

    The maximal amount of memory in bytes for storing a message header. If a header is larger, the excess is discarded. The limit is enforced by the cleanup(8) server.  

    helpful_warnings (default: yes)

    Log warnings about problematic configuration settings, and provide helpful suggestions.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    home_mailbox (default: empty)

    Optional pathname of a mailbox file relative to a local(8) user's home directory.

    Specify a pathname ending in "/" for qmail-style delivery.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.

    Examples:

    home_mailbox = Mailbox
    home_mailbox = Maildir/
    
     

    hopcount_limit (default: 50)

    The maximal number of Received: message headers that is allowed in the primary message headers. A message that exceeds the limit is bounced, in order to stop a mailer loop.  

    html_directory (default: see postconf -d output)

    The location of Postfix HTML files that describe how to build, configure or operate a specific Postfix subsystem or feature.  

    ignore_mx_lookup_error (default: no)

    Ignore DNS MX lookups that produce no response. By default, the Postfix SMTP client defers delivery and tries again after some delay. This behavior is required by the SMTP standard.

    Specify "ignore_mx_lookup_error = yes" to force a DNS A record lookup instead. This violates the SMTP standard and can result in mis-delivery of mail.  

    import_environment (default: see postconf -d output)

    The list of environment parameters that a Postfix process will import from a non-Postfix parent process. Examples of relevant parameters:
    TZ
    Needed for sane time keeping on most System-V-ish systems.
    DISPLAY
    Needed for debugging Postfix daemons with an X-windows debugger.
    XAUTHORITY
    Needed for debugging Postfix daemons with an X-windows debugger.
    MAIL_CONFIG
    Needed to make "postfix -c" work.

    Specify a list of names and/or name=value pairs, separated by whitespace or comma. The name=value form is supported with Postfix version 2.1 and later.  

    in_flow_delay (default: 1s)

    Time to pause before accepting a new message, when the message arrival rate exceeds the message delivery rate. This feature is turned on by default (it's disabled on SCO UNIX due to an SCO bug).

    With the default 100 SMTP server process limit, "in_flow_delay = 1s" limits the mail inflow to 100 messages per second above the number of messages delivered per second.

    Specify 0 to disable the feature. Valid delays are 0..10.  

    inet_interfaces (default: all)

    The network interface addresses that this mail system receives mail on. Specify "all" to receive mail on all network interfaces (default), and "loopback-only" to receive mail on loopback network interfaces only (Postfix version 2.2 and later). The parameter also controls delivery of mail to user@[ip.address].

    Note 1: you need to stop and start Postfix when this parameter changes.

    Note 2: address information may be enclosed inside [], but this form is not recommended here.

    When inet_interfaces specifies just one IPv4 and/or IPv6 address that is not a loopback address, the Postfix SMTP client will use this address as the IP source address for outbound mail. Support for IPv6 is available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.

    On a multi-homed firewall with separate Postfix instances listening on the "inside" and "outside" interfaces, this can prevent each instance from being able to reach servers on the "other side" of the firewall. Setting smtp_bind_address to 0.0.0.0 avoids the potential problem for IPv4, and setting smtp_bind_address6 to :: solves the problem for IPv6.

    A better solution for multi-homed firewalls is to leave inet_interfaces at the default value and instead use explicit IP addresses in the master.cf SMTP server definitions. This preserves the Postfix SMTP client's loop detection, by ensuring that each side of the firewall knows that the other IP address is still the same host. Setting $inet_interfaces to a single IPv4 and/or IPV6 address is primarily useful with virtual hosting of domains on secondary IP addresses, when each IP address serves a different domain (and has a different $myhostname setting).

    See also the proxy_interfaces parameter, for network addresses that are forwarded to Postfix by way of a proxy or address translator.

    Examples:

    inet_interfaces = all (DEFAULT)
    inet_interfaces = loopback-only (Postfix version 2.2 and later)
    inet_interfaces = 127.0.0.1
    inet_interfaces = 127.0.0.1, [::1] (Postfix version 2.2 and later)
    inet_interfaces = 192.168.1.2, 127.0.0.1
    
     

    inet_protocols (default: ipv4)

    The Internet protocols Postfix will attempt to use when making or accepting connections. Specify one or more of "ipv4" or "ipv6", separated by whitespace or commas. The form "all" is equivalent to "ipv4, ipv6" or "ipv4", depending on whether the operating system implements IPv6.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.

    Note: you MUST stop and start Postfix after changing this parameter.

    On systems that pre-date IPV6_V6ONLY support (RFC 3493), an IPv6 server will also accept IPv4 connections, even when IPv4 is turned off with the inet_protocols parameter. On systems with IPV6_V6ONLY support, Postfix will use separate server sockets for IPv6 and IPv4, and each will accept only connections for the corresponding protocol.

    When IPv4 support is enabled via the inet_protocols parameter, Postfix will to DNS type A record lookups, and will convert IPv4-in-IPv6 client IP addresses (::ffff:1.2.3.4) to their original IPv4 form (1.2.3.4). The latter is needed on hosts that pre-date IPV6_V6ONLY support (RFC 3493).

    When IPv6 support is enabled via the inet_protocols parameter, Postfix will do DNS type AAAA record lookups.

    When both IPv4 and IPv6 support are enabled, the Postfix SMTP client will attempt to connect via IPv6 before attempting to use IPv4.

    Examples:

    inet_protocols = ipv4 (DEFAULT)
    inet_protocols = all
    inet_protocols = ipv6
    inet_protocols = ipv4, ipv6
    
     

    initial_destination_concurrency (default: 5)

    The initial per-destination concurrency level for parallel delivery to the same destination. This limit applies to delivery via smtp(8), and via the pipe(8) and virtual(8) delivery agents.

    Warning: with concurrency of 1, one bad message can be enough to block all mail to a site.  

    internal_mail_filter_classes (default: empty)

    What categories of Postfix-generated mail are subject to before-queue content inspection by non_smtpd_milters, header_checks and body_checks. Specify zero or more of the following, separated by whitespace or comma.
    bounce
    Inspect the content of delivery status notifications.
    notify
    Inspect the content of postmaster notifications by the smtp(8) and smtpd(8) processes.

    NOTE: It's generally not safe to enable content inspection of Postfix-generated email messages. The user is warned.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    invalid_hostname_reject_code (default: 501)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server response code when the client HELO or EHLO command parameter is rejected by the reject_invalid_helo_hostname restriction.

    Do not change this unless you have a complete understanding of RFC 821.  

    ipc_idle (default: 100s)

    The time after which a client closes an idle internal communication channel. The purpose is to allow servers to terminate voluntarily after they become idle. This is used, for example, by the address resolving and rewriting clients.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    ipc_timeout (default: 3600s)

    The time limit for sending or receiving information over an internal communication channel. The purpose is to break out of deadlock situations. If the time limit is exceeded the software aborts with a fatal error.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    ipc_ttl (default: 1000s)

    The time after which a client closes an active internal communication channel. The purpose is to allow servers to terminate voluntarily after reaching their client limit. This is used, for example, by the address resolving and rewriting clients.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    line_length_limit (default: 2048)

    Upon input, long lines are chopped up into pieces of at most this length; upon delivery, long lines are reconstructed.  

    lmtp_bind_address (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_bind_address configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_bind_address6 (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_bind_address6 configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_cache_connection (default: yes)

    Keep Postfix LMTP client connections open for up to $max_idle seconds. When the LMTP client receives a request for the same connection the connection is reused.

    The effectiveness of cached connections will be determined by the number of LMTP servers in use, and the concurrency limit specified for the LMTP client. Cached connections are closed under any of the following conditions:

    *
    The LMTP client idle time limit is reached. This limit is specified with the Postfix max_idle configuration parameter.
    *
    A delivery request specifies a different destination than the one currently cached.
    *
    The per-process limit on the number of delivery requests is reached. This limit is specified with the Postfix max_use configuration parameter.
    *
    Upon the onset of another delivery request, the LMTP server associated with the current session does not respond to the RSET command.

    Most of these limitations will be removed after Postfix implements a connection cache that is shared among multiple LMTP client programs.  

    lmtp_cname_overrides_servername (default: yes)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_cname_overrides_servername configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_connect_timeout (default: 0s)

    The LMTP client time limit for completing a TCP connection, or zero (use the operating system built-in time limit). When no connection can be made within the deadline, the LMTP client tries the next address on the mail exchanger list.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    Example:

    lmtp_connect_timeout = 30s
    
     

    lmtp_connection_cache_destinations (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_connection_cache_destinations configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_connection_cache_on_demand (default: yes)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_connection_cache_on_demand configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_connection_cache_time_limit (default: 2s)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_connection_cache_time_limit configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_connection_reuse_time_limit (default: 300s)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_connection_reuse_time_limit configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_data_done_timeout (default: 600s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the LMTP ".", and for receiving the server response. When no response is received within the deadline, a warning is logged that the mail may be delivered multiple times.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_data_init_timeout (default: 120s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the LMTP DATA command, and for receiving the server response.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_data_xfer_timeout (default: 180s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the LMTP message content. When the connection stalls for more than $lmtp_data_xfer_timeout the LMTP client terminates the transfer.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_defer_if_no_mx_address_found (default: no)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_defer_if_no_mx_address_found configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_destination_concurrency_limit (default: $default_destination_concurrency_limit)

    The maximal number of parallel deliveries to the same destination via the lmtp message delivery transport. This limit is enforced by the queue manager. The message delivery transport name is the first field in the entry in the master.cf file.  

    lmtp_destination_recipient_limit (default: $default_destination_recipient_limit)

    The maximal number of recipients per delivery via the lmtp message delivery transport. This limit is enforced by the queue manager. The message delivery transport name is the first field in the entry in the master.cf file.

    Setting this parameter to a value of 1 changes the meaning of lmtp_destination_concurrency_limit from concurrency per domain into concurrency per recipient.  

    lmtp_discard_lhlo_keyword_address_maps (default: empty)

    Lookup tables, indexed by the remote LMTP server address, with case insensitive lists of LHLO keywords (pipelining, starttls, auth, etc.) that the LMTP client will ignore in the LHLO response from a remote LMTP server. See lmtp_discard_lhlo_keywords for details. The table is not indexed by hostname for consistency with smtpd_discard_ehlo_keyword_address_maps.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_discard_lhlo_keywords (default: $myhostname)

    A case insensitive list of LHLO keywords (pipelining, starttls, auth, etc.) that the LMTP client will ignore in the LHLO response from a remote LMTP server.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.

    Notes:

    *
    Specify the silent-discard pseudo keyword to prevent this action from being logged.
    *
    Use the lmtp_discard_lhlo_keyword_address_maps feature to discard LHLO keywords selectively.
     

    lmtp_enforce_tls (default: no)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_enforce_tls configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_generic_maps (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_generic_maps configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_host_lookup (default: dns)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_host_lookup configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_lhlo_name (default: $myhostname)

    The hostname to send in the LMTP LHLO command.

    The default value is the machine hostname. Specify a hostname or [ip.add.re.ss].

    This information can be specified in the main.cf file for all LMTP clients, or it can be specified in the master.cf file for a specific client, for example:

      /etc/postfix/master.cf:
            mylmtp ... lmtp -o lmtp_lhlo_name=foo.bar.com
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_lhlo_timeout (default: 300s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the LHLO command, and for receiving the initial server response.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_line_length_limit (default: 990)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_line_length_limit configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_mail_timeout (default: 300s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the MAIL FROM command, and for receiving the server response.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_mx_address_limit (default: 5)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_mx_address_limit configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_mx_session_limit (default: 2)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_mx_session_limit configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_pix_workaround_delay_time (default: 10s)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_pix_workaround_delay_time configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_pix_workaround_threshold_time (default: 500s)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_pix_workaround_threshold_time configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_quit_timeout (default: 300s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the QUIT command, and for receiving the server response.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_quote_rfc821_envelope (default: yes)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_quote_rfc821_envelope configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_randomize_addresses (default: yes)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_randomize_addresses configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_rcpt_timeout (default: 300s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the RCPT TO command, and for receiving the server response.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_rset_timeout (default: 20s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the RSET command, and for receiving the server response. The LMTP client sends RSET in order to finish a recipient address probe, or to verify that a cached connection is still alive.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    lmtp_sasl_auth_enable (default: no)

    Enable SASL authentication in the Postfix LMTP client.  

    lmtp_sasl_mechanism_filter (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_sasl_mechanism_filter configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_sasl_password_maps (default: empty)

    Optional LMTP client lookup tables with one username:password entry per host or domain. If a remote host or domain has no username:password entry, then the Postfix LMTP client will not attempt to authenticate to the remote host.  

    lmtp_sasl_path (default: empty)

    Implementation-specific information that is passed through to the SASL plug-in implementation that is selected with lmtp_sasl_type. Typically this specifies the name of a configuration file or rendezvous point.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_sasl_security_options (default: noplaintext, noanonymous)

    SASL security options; as of Postfix 2.3 the list of available features depends on the SASL client implementation that is selected with lmtp_sasl_type.

    The following security features are defined for the cyrus client SASL implementation:

    noplaintext
    Disallow authentication methods that use plaintext passwords.
    noactive
    Disallow authentication methods that are vulnerable to non-dictionary active attacks.
    nodictionary
    Disallow authentication methods that are vulnerable to passive dictionary attack.
    noanonymous
    Disallow anonymous logins.

    Example:

    lmtp_sasl_security_options = noplaintext
    
     

    lmtp_sasl_tls_security_options (default: $lmtp_sasl_security_options)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_sasl_tls_security_options configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_sasl_tls_verified_security_options (default: $lmtp_sasl_tls_security_options)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_sasl_tls_verified_security_options configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_sasl_type (default: cyrus)

    The SASL plug-in type that the Postfix LMTP client should use for authentication. The available types are listed with the "postconf -A" command.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_send_xforward_command (default: no)

    Send an XFORWARD command to the LMTP server when the LMTP LHLO server response announces XFORWARD support. This allows an lmtp(8) delivery agent, used for content filter message injection, to forward the name, address, protocol and HELO name of the original client to the content filter and downstream queuing LMTP server. Before you change the value to yes, it is best to make sure that your content filter supports this command.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    lmtp_sender_dependent_authentication (default: no)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_sender_dependent_authentication configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_skip_5xx_greeting (default: yes)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_skip_5xx_greeting configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_skip_quit_response (default: no)

    Wait for the response to the LMTP QUIT command.  

    lmtp_starttls_timeout (default: 300s)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_starttls_timeout configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tcp_port (default: 24)

    The default TCP port that the Postfix LMTP client connects to.  

    lmtp_tls_CAfile (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_CAfile configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_CApath (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_CApath configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_cert_file (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_cert_file configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_dcert_file (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_dcert_file configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_dkey_file (default: $lmtp_tls_dcert_file)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_dkey_file configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_enforce_peername (default: yes)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_enforce_peername configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_exclude_ciphers (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_exclude_ciphers configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_key_file (default: $lmtp_tls_cert_file)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_key_file configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_loglevel (default: 0)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_loglevel configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_mandatory_ciphers (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_mandatory_ciphers configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_mandatory_exclude_ciphers (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_mandatory_exclude_ciphers configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_mandatory_protocols (default: SSLv3, TLSv1)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_mandatory_protocols configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_note_starttls_offer (default: no)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_per_site (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_per_site configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_policy_maps (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_policy_maps configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_scert_verifydepth (default: 5)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_scert_verifydepth configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_secure_cert_match (default: nexthop)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_secure_cert_match configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_session_cache_database (default: empty)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_session_cache_database configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_session_cache_timeout (default: 3600s)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_session_cache_timeout configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_tls_verify_cert_match (default: hostname)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_tls_verify_cert_match configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_use_tls (default: no)

    The LMTP-specific version of the smtp_use_tls configuration parameter. See there for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    lmtp_xforward_timeout (default: 300s)

    The LMTP client time limit for sending the XFORWARD command, and for receiving the server response.

    In case of problems the client does NOT try the next address on the mail exchanger list.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    local_command_shell (default: empty)

    Optional shell program for local(8) delivery to non-Postfix command. By default, non-Postfix commands are executed directly; commands are given to given to /bin/sh only when they contain shell meta characters or shell built-in commands.

    "sendmail's restricted shell" (smrsh) is what most people will use in order to restrict what programs can be run from e.g. .forward files (smrsh is part of the Sendmail distribution).

    Note: when a shell program is specified, it is invoked even when the command contains no shell built-in commands or meta characters.

    Example:

    local_command_shell = /some/where/smrsh -c
    
     

    local_destination_concurrency_limit (default: 2)

    The maximal number of parallel deliveries via the local mail delivery transport to the same recipient (when "local_destination_recipient_limit = 1") or the maximal number of parallel deliveries to the same local domain (when "local_destination_recipient_limit > 1"). This limit is enforced by the queue manager. The message delivery transport name is the first field in the entry in the master.cf file.

    A low limit of 2 is recommended, just in case someone has an expensive shell command in a .forward file or in an alias (e.g., a mailing list manager). You don't want to run lots of those at the same time.  

    local_destination_recipient_limit (default: 1)

    The maximal number of recipients per message delivery via the local mail delivery transport. This limit is enforced by the queue manager. The message delivery transport name is the first field in the entry in the master.cf file.

    Setting this parameter to a value > 1 changes the meaning of local_destination_concurrency_limit from concurrency per recipient into concurrency per domain.  

    local_header_rewrite_clients (default: permit_inet_interfaces)

    Rewrite message header addresses in mail from these clients and update incomplete addresses with the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain; either don't rewrite message headers from other clients at all, or rewrite message headers and update incomplete addresses with the domain specified in the remote_header_rewrite_domain parameter.

    See the append_at_myorigin and append_dot_mydomain parameters for details of how domain names are appended to incomplete addresses.

    Specify a list of zero or more of the following:

    permit_inet_interfaces
    Append the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain when the client IP address matches $inet_interfaces. This is enabled by default.
    permit_mynetworks
    Append the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain when the client IP address matches any network or network address listed in $mynetworks. This setting will not prevent remote mail header address rewriting when mail from a remote client is forwarded by a neighboring system.
    permit_sasl_authenticated
    Append the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain when the client is successfully authenticated via the RFC 2554 (AUTH) protocol.
    permit_tls_clientcerts
    Append the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain when the client TLS certificate is successfully verified, and the client certificate fingerprint is listed in $relay_clientcerts.
    permit_tls_all_clientcerts
    Append the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain when the client TLS certificate is successfully verified, regardless of whether it is listed on the server, and regardless of the certifying authority.
    check_address_map type:table
    type:table
    Append the domain name in $myorigin or $mydomain when the client IP address matches the specified lookup table. The lookup result is ignored, and no subnet lookup is done. This is suitable for, e.g., pop-before-smtp lookup tables.

    Examples:

    The Postfix < 2.2 backwards compatible setting: always rewrite message headers, and always append my own domain to incomplete header addresses.

        local_header_rewrite_clients = static:all
    

    The purist (and default) setting: rewrite headers only in mail from Postfix sendmail and in SMTP mail from this machine.

        local_header_rewrite_clients = permit_inet_interfaces
    

    The intermediate setting: rewrite header addresses and append $myorigin or $mydomain information only with mail from Postfix sendmail, from local clients, or from authorized SMTP clients.

    Note: this setting will not prevent remote mail header address rewriting when mail from a remote client is forwarded by a neighboring system.

        local_header_rewrite_clients = permit_mynetworks,
            permit_sasl_authenticated permit_tls_clientcerts
            check_address_map hash:/etc/postfix/pop-before-smtp
    
     

    local_recipient_maps (default: proxy:unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps)

    Lookup tables with all names or addresses of local recipients: a recipient address is local when its domain matches $mydestination, $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces. Specify @domain as a wild-card for domains that do not have a valid recipient list. Technically, tables listed with $local_recipient_maps are used as lists: Postfix needs to know only if a lookup string is found or not, but it does not use the result from table lookup.

    If this parameter is non-empty (the default), then the Postfix SMTP server will reject mail for unknown local users.

    To turn off local recipient checking in the Postfix SMTP server, specify "local_recipient_maps =" (i.e. empty).

    The default setting assumes that you use the default Postfix local delivery agent for local delivery. You need to update the local_recipient_maps setting if:

    *
    You redefine the local delivery agent in master.cf.
    *
    You redefine the "local_transport" setting in main.cf.
    *
    You use the "luser_relay", "mailbox_transport", or "fallback_transport" feature of the Postfix local(8) delivery agent.

    Details are described in the LOCAL_RECIPIENT_README file.

    Beware: if the Postfix SMTP server runs chrooted, you need to access the passwd file via the proxymap(8) service, in order to overcome chroot access restrictions. The alternative, maintaining a copy of the system password file in the chroot jail is not practical.

    Examples:

    local_recipient_maps =
    
     

    local_transport (default: local:$myhostname)

    The default mail delivery transport and next-hop destination for final delivery to domains listed with mydestination, and for [ipaddress] destinations that match $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces. This information can be overruled with the transport(5) table.

    By default, local mail is delivered to the transport called "local", which is just the name of a service that is defined the master.cf file.

    Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf. The :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the transport(5) manual page.

    Beware: if you override the default local delivery agent then you need to review the LOCAL_RECIPIENT_README document, otherwise the SMTP server may reject mail for local recipients.  

    luser_relay (default: empty)

    Optional catch-all destination for unknown local(8) recipients. By default, mail for unknown recipients in domains that match $mydestination, $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces is returned as undeliverable.

    The following $name expansions are done on luser_relay:

    $domain
    The recipient domain.
    $extension
    The recipient address extension.
    $home
    The recipient's home directory.
    $local
    The entire recipient address localpart.
    $recipient
    The full recipient address.
    $recipient_delimiter
    The system-wide recipient address extension delimiter.
    $shell
    The recipient's login shell.
    $user
    The recipient username.
    ${name?value}
    Expands to value when $name has a non-empty value.
    ${name:value}
    Expands to value when $name has an empty value.

    Instead of $name you can also specify ${name} or $(name).

    Note: luser_relay works only for the Postfix local(8) delivery agent.

    Note: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password file, then you must specify "local_recipient_maps =" (i.e. empty) in the main.cf file, otherwise the Postfix SMTP server will reject mail for non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".

    Examples:

    luser_relay = $user@other.host
    luser_relay = $local@other.host
    luser_relay = admin+$local
    
     

    mail_name (default: Postfix)

    The mail system name that is displayed in Received: headers, in the SMTP greeting banner, and in bounced mail.  

    mail_owner (default: postfix)

    The UNIX system account that owns the Postfix queue and most Postfix daemon processes. Specify the name of a user account that does not share a group with other accounts and that owns no other files or processes on the system. In particular, don't specify nobody or daemon. PLEASE USE A DEDICATED USER ID AND GROUP ID.

    When this parameter value is changed you need to re-run "postfix set-permissions" (with Postfix version 2.0 and earlier: "/etc/postfix/post-install set-permissions".  

    mail_release_date (default: see postconf -d output)

    The Postfix release date, in "YYYYMMDD" format.  

    mail_spool_directory (default: see postconf -d output)

    The directory where local(8) UNIX-style mailboxes are kept. The default setting depends on the system type. Specify a name ending in / for maildir-style delivery.

    Note: maildir delivery is done with the privileges of the recipient. If you use the mail_spool_directory setting for maildir style delivery, then you must create the top-level maildir directory in advance. Postfix will not create it.

    Examples:

    mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
    mail_spool_directory = /var/spool/mail
    
     

    mail_version (default: see postconf -d output)

    The version of the mail system. Stable releases are named major.minor.patchlevel. Experimental releases also include the release date. The version string can be used in, for example, the SMTP greeting banner.  

    mailbox_command (default: empty)

    Optional external command that the local(8) delivery agent should use for mailbox delivery. The command is run with the user ID and the primary group ID privileges of the recipient. Exception: command delivery for root executes with $default_privs privileges. This is not a problem, because 1) mail for root should always be aliased to a real user and 2) don't log in as root, use "su" instead.

    The following environment variables are exported to the command:

    CLIENT_ADDRESS
    Remote client network address. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    CLIENT_HELO
    Remote client EHLO command parameter. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    CLIENT_HOSTNAME
    Remote client hostname. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    CLIENT_PROTOCOL
    Remote client protocol. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    DOMAIN
    The domain part of the recipient address.
    EXTENSION
    The optional address extension.
    HOME
    The recipient home directory.
    LOCAL
    The recipient address localpart.
    LOGNAME
    The recipient's username.
    RECIPIENT
    The full recipient address.
    SASL_METHOD
    SASL authentication method specified in the remote client AUTH command. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    SASL_SENDER
    SASL sender address specified in the remote client MAIL FROM command. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    SASL_USER
    SASL username specified in the remote client AUTH command. Available in Postfix version 2.2 and later.
    SENDER
    The full sender address.
    SHELL
    The recipient's login shell.
    USER
    The recipient username.

    Unlike other Postfix configuration parameters, the mailbox_command parameter is not subjected to $name substitutions. This is to make it easier to specify shell syntax (see example below).

    If you can, avoid shell meta characters because they will force Postfix to run an expensive shell process. If you're delivering via Procmail then running a shell won't make a noticeable difference in the total cost.

    Note: if you use the mailbox_command feature to deliver mail system-wide, you must set up an alias that forwards mail for root to a real user.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.

    Examples:

    mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail
    mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail -a "$EXTENSION"
    mailbox_command = /some/where/maildrop -d "$USER"
            -f "$SENDER" "$EXTENSION"
    
     

    mailbox_command_maps (default: empty)

    Optional lookup tables with per-recipient external commands to use for local(8) mailbox delivery. Behavior is as with mailbox_command.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.  

    mailbox_delivery_lock (default: see postconf -d output)

    How to lock a UNIX-style local(8) mailbox before attempting delivery. For a list of available file locking methods, use the "postconf -l" command.

    This setting is ignored with maildir style delivery, because such deliveries are safe without explicit locks.

    Note: The dotlock method requires that the recipient UID or GID has write access to the parent directory of the mailbox file.

    Note: the default setting of this parameter is system dependent.  

    mailbox_size_limit (default: 51200000)

    The maximal size of any local(8) individual mailbox or maildir file, or zero (no limit). In fact, this limits the size of any file that is written to upon local delivery, including files written by external commands that are executed by the local(8) delivery agent.

    This limit must not be smaller than the message size limit.  

    mailbox_transport (default: empty)

    Optional message delivery transport that the local(8) delivery agent should use for mailbox delivery to all local recipients, whether or not they are found in the UNIX passwd database.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.  

    mailbox_transport_maps (default: empty)

    Optional lookup tables with per-recipient message delivery transports to use for local(8) mailbox delivery, whether or not the recipients are found in the UNIX passwd database.

    The precedence of local(8) delivery features from high to low is: aliases, .forward files, mailbox_transport_maps, mailbox_transport, mailbox_command_maps, mailbox_command, home_mailbox, mail_spool_directory, fallback_transport_maps, fallback_transport and luser_relay.

    For safety reasons, this feature does not allow $number substitutions in regular expression maps.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    mailq_path (default: see postconf -d output)

    Sendmail compatibility feature that specifies where the Postfix mailq(1) command is installed. This command can be used to list the Postfix mail queue.  

    manpage_directory (default: see postconf -d output)

    Where the Postfix manual pages are installed.  

    maps_rbl_domains (default: empty)

    Obsolete feature: use the reject_rbl_client feature instead.  

    maps_rbl_reject_code (default: 554)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server response code when a remote SMTP client request is blocked by the reject_rbl_client, reject_rhsbl_client, reject_rhsbl_sender or reject_rhsbl_recipient restriction.

    Do not change this unless you have a complete understanding of RFC 821.  

    masquerade_classes (default: envelope_sender, header_sender, header_recipient)

    What addresses are subject to address masquerading.

    By default, address masquerading is limited to envelope sender addresses, and to header sender and header recipient addresses. This allows you to use address masquerading on a mail gateway while still being able to forward mail to users on individual machines.

    Specify zero or more of: envelope_sender, envelope_recipient, header_sender, header_recipient  

    masquerade_domains (default: empty)

    Optional list of domains whose subdomain structure will be stripped off in email addresses.

    The list is processed left to right, and processing stops at the first match. Thus,

        masquerade_domains = foo.example.com example.com
    

    strips "user@any.thing.foo.example.com" to "user@foo.example.com", but strips "user@any.thing.else.example.com" to "user@example.com".

    A domain name prefixed with ! means do not masquerade this domain or its subdomains. Thus,

        masquerade_domains = !foo.example.com example.com
    

    does not change "user@any.thing.foo.example.com" or "user@foo.example.com", but strips "user@any.thing.else.example.com" to "user@example.com".

    Note: with Postfix version 2.2, message header address masquerading happens only when message header address rewriting is enabled:

    *
    The message is received with the Postfix sendmail(1) command,
    *
    The message is received from a network client that matches $local_header_rewrite_clients,
    *
    The message is received from the network, and the remote_header_rewrite_domain parameter specifies a non-empty value.

    To get the behavior before Postfix version 2.2, specify "local_header_rewrite_clients = static:all".

    Example:

    masquerade_domains = $mydomain
    
     

    masquerade_exceptions (default: empty)

    Optional list of user names that are not subjected to address masquerading, even when their address matches $masquerade_domains.

    By default, address masquerading makes no exceptions.

    Specify a list of user names, "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. The list is matched left to right, and the search stops on the first match. Specify "!name" to exclude a name from the list. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a name matches a lookup key (the lookup result is ignored). Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    Examples:

    masquerade_exceptions = root, mailer-daemon
    masquerade_exceptions = root
    
     

    max_idle (default: 100s)

    The maximum amount of time that an idle Postfix daemon process waits for the next service request before exiting. This parameter is ignored by the Postfix queue manager.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    max_use (default: 100)

    The maximal number of connection requests before a Postfix daemon process terminates. This parameter is ignored by the Postfix queue manager and by other long-lived Postfix daemon processes.  

    maximal_backoff_time (default: 4000s)

    The maximal time between attempts to deliver a deferred message.

    This parameter should be set to a value greater than or equal to $minimal_backoff_time. See also $queue_run_delay.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    maximal_queue_lifetime (default: 5d)

    The maximal time a message is queued before it is sent back as undeliverable.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is d (days).

    Specify 0 when mail delivery should be tried only once.  

    message_reject_characters (default: empty)

    The set of characters that Postfix will reject in message content. The usual C-like escape sequences are recognized: \a \b \f \n \r \t \v \ddd (up to three octal digits) and \\.

    Example:

    message_reject_characters = \0
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    message_size_limit (default: 10240000)

    The maximal size in bytes of a message, including envelope information.  

    message_strip_characters (default: empty)

    The set of characters that Postfix will remove from message content. The usual C-like escape sequences are recognized: \a \b \f \n \r \t \v \ddd (up to three octal digits) and \\.

    Example:

    message_strip_characters = \0
    

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_command_timeout (default: 30s)

    The time limit for sending an SMTP command to a Milter (mail filter) application, and for receiving the response.

    Specify a non-zero time value (an integral value plus an optional one-letter suffix that specifies the time unit).

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_connect_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to Milter (mail filter) applications after completion of an SMTP connection. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_connect_timeout (default: 30s)

    The time limit for connecting to a Milter (mail filter) application, and for negotiating protocol options.

    Specify a non-zero time value (an integral value plus an optional one-letter suffix that specifies the time unit).

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_content_timeout (default: 300s)

    The time limit for sending message content to a Milter (mail filter) application, and for receiving the response.

    Specify a non-zero time value (an integral value plus an optional one-letter suffix that specifies the time unit).

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_data_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to version 4 or higher Milter (mail filter) applications after the SMTP DATA command. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_default_action (default: tempfail)

    The default action when a Milter (mail filter) application is unavailable or mis-configured. Specify one of the following:
    accept
    Proceed as if the mail filter was not present.
    reject
    Reject all further commands in this session with a permanent status code.
    tempfail
    Reject all further commands in this session with a temporary status code.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_end_of_data_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to Milter (mail filter) applications after the message end-of-data. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_helo_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to Milter (mail filter) applications after the SMTP HELO or EHLO command. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_macro_daemon_name (default: $myhostname)

    The {daemon_name} macro value for Milter (mail filter) applications. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_macro_v (default: $mail_name $mail_version)

    The {v} macro value for Milter (mail filter) applications. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_mail_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to Milter (mail filter) applications after the SMTP MAIL FROM command. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_protocol (default: 2)

    The mail filter protocol version and optional protocol extensions for communication with a Milter (mail filter) application. This information should match the protocol that is expected by the actual mail filter application.

    Protocol versions:

    2
    Use Sendmail 8 mail filter protocol version 2.
    3
    Use Sendmail 8 mail filter protocol version 3.
    4
    Use Sendmail 8 mail filter protocol version 4.

    Protocol extensions:

    no_header_reply
    Specify this when the Milter application will not reply for each individual message header.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_rcpt_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to Milter (mail filter) applications after the SMTP RCPT TO command. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    milter_unknown_command_macros (default: see postconf -n output)

    The macros that are sent to version 3 or higher Milter (mail filter) applications after an unknown SMTP command. See MILTER_README for a list of available macro names and their meanings.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    mime_boundary_length_limit (default: 2048)

    The maximal length of MIME multipart boundary strings. The MIME processor is unable to distinguish between boundary strings that do not differ in the first $mime_boundary_length_limit characters.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    mime_header_checks (default: $header_checks)

    Optional lookup tables for content inspection of MIME related message headers, as described in the header_checks(5) manual page.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    mime_nesting_limit (default: 100)

    The maximal recursion level that the MIME processor will handle. Postfix refuses mail that is nested deeper than the specified limit.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    minimal_backoff_time (default: 1000s)

    The minimal time between attempts to deliver a deferred message. This parameter also limits the time an unreachable destination is kept in the short-term, in-memory, destination status cache.

    This parameter should be set greater than or equal to $queue_run_delay. See also $maximal_backoff_time.

    Time units: s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), d (days), w (weeks). The default time unit is s (seconds).  

    multi_recipient_bounce_reject_code (default: 550)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server response code when a remote SMTP client request is blocked by the reject_multi_recipient_bounce restriction.

    Do not change this unless you have a complete understanding of RFC 821.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.  

    mydestination (default: $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost)

    The list of domains that are delivered via the $local_transport mail delivery transport. By default this is the Postfix local(8) delivery agent which looks up all recipients in /etc/passwd and /etc/aliases. The SMTP server validates recipient addresses with $local_recipient_maps and rejects non-existent recipients. See also the local domain class in the ADDRESS_CLASS_README file.

    The default mydestination value specifies names for the local machine only. On a mail domain gateway, you should also include $mydomain.

    The $local_transport delivery method is also selected for mail addressed to user@[the.net.work.address] of the mail system (the IP addresses specified with the inet_interfaces and proxy_interfaces parameters).

    Warnings:

    *
    Do not specify the names of virtual domains - those domains are specified elsewhere. See VIRTUAL_README for more information.
    *
    Do not specify the names of domains that this machine is backup MX host for. See STANDARD_CONFIGURATION_README for how to set up backup MX hosts.
    *
    By default, the Postfix SMTP server rejects mail for recipients not listed with the local_recipient_maps parameter. See the postconf(5) manual for a description of the local_recipient_maps and unknown_local_recipient_reject_code parameters.

    Specify a list of host or domain names, "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a name matches a lookup key (the lookup result is ignored). Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    Examples:

    mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain $mydomain
    mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain www.$mydomain, ftp.$mydomain
    
     

    mydomain (default: see postconf -d output)

    The internet domain name of this mail system. The default is to use $myhostname minus the first component. $mydomain is used as a default value for many other configuration parameters.

    Example:

    mydomain = domain.tld
    
     

    myhostname (default: see postconf -d output)

    The internet hostname of this mail system. The default is to use the fully-qualified domain name from gethostname(). $myhostname is used as a default value for many other configuration parameters.

    Example:

    myhostname = host.domain.tld
    
     

    mynetworks (default: see postconf -d output)

    The list of "trusted" SMTP clients that have more privileges than "strangers".

    In particular, "trusted" SMTP clients are allowed to relay mail through Postfix. See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions parameter description in the postconf(5) manual.

    You can specify the list of "trusted" network addresses by hand or you can let Postfix do it for you (which is the default). See the description of the mynetworks_style parameter for more information.

    If you specify the mynetworks list by hand, Postfix ignores the mynetworks_style setting.

    Specify a list of network addresses or network/netmask patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.

    The netmask specifies the number of bits in the network part of a host address. You can also specify "/file/name" or "type:table" patterns. A "/file/name" pattern is replaced by its contents; a "type:table" lookup table is matched when a table entry matches a lookup string (the lookup result is ignored).

    The list is matched left to right, and the search stops on the first match. Specify "!pattern" to exclude an address or network block from the list.

    Note: IP version 6 address information must be specified inside [] in the mynetworks value, and in files specified with "/file/name". IP version 6 addresses contain the ":" character, and would otherwise be confused with a "type:table" pattern.

    Examples:

    mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 168.100.189.0/28
    mynetworks = !192.168.0.1, 192.168.0.0/28
    mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 168.100.189.0/28 [::1]/128 [2001:240:587::]/64
    mynetworks = $config_directory/mynetworks
    mynetworks = hash:/etc/postfix/network_table
    
     

    mynetworks_style (default: subnet)

    The method to generate the default value for the mynetworks parameter. This is the list of trusted networks for relay access control etc.
    *
    Specify "mynetworks_style = host" when Postfix should "trust" only the local machine.
    *
    Specify "mynetworks_style = subnet" when Postfix should "trust" SMTP clients in the same IP subnetworks as the local machine. On Linux, this works correctly only with interfaces specified with the "ifconfig" command.
    *
    Specify "mynetworks_style = class" when Postfix should "trust" SMTP clients in the same IP class A/B/C networks as the local machine. Don't do this with a dialup site - it would cause Postfix to "trust" your entire provider's network. Instead, specify an explicit mynetworks list by hand, as described with the mynetworks configuration parameter.
     

    myorigin (default: $myhostname)

    The domain name that locally-posted mail appears to come from, and that locally posted mail is delivered to. The default, $myhostname, is adequate for small sites. If you run a domain with multiple machines, you should (1) change this to $mydomain and (2) set up a domain-wide alias database that aliases each user to user@that.users.mailhost.

    Example:

    myorigin = $mydomain
    
     

    nested_header_checks (default: $header_checks)

    Optional lookup tables for content inspection of non-MIME message headers in attached messages, as described in the header_checks(5) manual page.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    newaliases_path (default: see postconf -d output)

    Sendmail compatibility feature that specifies the location of the newaliases(1) command. This command can be used to rebuild the local(8) aliases(5) database.  

    non_fqdn_reject_code (default: 504)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server reply code when a client request is rejected by the reject_non_fqdn_helo_hostname, reject_non_fqdn_sender or reject_non_fqdn_recipient restriction.  

    non_smtpd_milters (default: empty)

    A list of Milter (mail filter) applications for new mail that does not arrive via the Postfix smtpd(8) server. This includes local submission via the sendmail(1) command line, new mail that arrives via the Postfix qmqpd(8) server, and old mail that is re-injected into the queue with "postsuper -r". See the MILTER_README document for details.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    notify_classes (default: resource, software)

    The list of error classes that are reported to the postmaster. The default is to report only the most serious problems. The paranoid may wish to turn on the policy (UCE and mail relaying) and protocol error (broken mail software) reports.

    NOTE: postmaster notifications may contain confidential information such as SASL passwords or message content. It is the system administrator's responsibility to treat such information with care.

    The error classes are:

    bounce (also implies 2bounce)
    Send the postmaster copies of the headers of bounced mail, and send transcripts of SMTP sessions when Postfix rejects mail. The notification is sent to the address specified with the bounce_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).
    2bounce
    Send undeliverable bounced mail to the postmaster. The notification is sent to the address specified with the 2bounce_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).
    delay
    Send the postmaster copies of the headers of delayed mail. The notification is sent to the address specified with the delay_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).
    policy
    Send the postmaster a transcript of the SMTP session when a client request was rejected because of (UCE) policy. The notification is sent to the address specified with the error_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).
    protocol
    Send the postmaster a transcript of the SMTP session in case of client or server protocol errors. The notification is sent to the address specified with the error_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).
    resource
    Inform the postmaster of mail not delivered due to resource problems. The notification is sent to the address specified with the error_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).
    software
    Inform the postmaster of mail not delivered due to software problems. The notification is sent to the address specified with the error_notice_recipient configuration parameter (default: postmaster).

    Examples:

    notify_classes = bounce, delay, policy, protocol, resource, software
    notify_classes = 2bounce, resource, software
    
     

    owner_request_special (default: yes)

    Give special treatment to owner-listname and listname-request address localparts: don't split such addresses when the recipient_delimiter is set to "-". This feature is useful for mailing lists.  

    parent_domain_matches_subdomains (default: see postconf -d output)

    What Postfix features match subdomains of "domain.tld" automatically, instead of requiring an explicit ".domain.tld" pattern. This is planned backwards compatibility: eventually, all Postfix features are expected to require explicit ".domain.tld" style patterns when you really want to match subdomains.  

    permit_mx_backup_networks (default: empty)

    Restrict the use of the permit_mx_backup SMTP access feature to only domains whose primary MX hosts match the listed networks.  

    pickup_service_name (default: pickup)

    The name of the pickup(8) service. This service picks up local mail submissions from the Postfix maildrop queue.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.0 and later.  

    plaintext_reject_code (default: 450)

    The numerical Postfix SMTP server response code when a request is rejected by the reject_plaintext_session restriction.

    This feature is available in Postfix 2.3 and later.  

    prepend_delivered_header (default: command, file, forward)

    The message delivery contexts where the Postfix local(8) delivery agent prepends a Delivered-To: message header with the address that the mail was delivered to. This information is used for mail delivery loop detection.

    By default, the Postfix local delivery agent prepends a Delivered-To: header when forwarding mail and when delivering to file (mailbox) and command. Turning off the Delivered-To: header when forwarding mail is not recommended.

    Specify zero or more of forward, file, or command.

    Example:

    prepend_delivered_header = forward
    
     

    process_id (read-only)

    The process ID of a Postfix command or daemon process.  

    process_id_directory (default: pid)

    The location of Postfix PID files relative to $queue_directory. This is a read-only parameter.  

    process_name (read-only)

    The process name of a Postfix command or daemon process.  

    propagate_unmatched_extensions (default: canonical, virtual)

    What address lookup tables copy an address extension from the lookup key to the lookup result.

    For example, with a virtual(5) mapping of "joe@domain -> joe.user", the address "joe+foo@domain" would rewrite to "joe.user+foo".Segmentation fault (core dumped)

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