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paste (1)
  • >> paste (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
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  • paste (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • paste (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • paste (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  •  

    NAME

    paste - merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    paste [-s] [-d list] file...
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The paste utility will concatenate the corresponding lines of the given input files, and write the resulting lines to standard output.

    The default operation of paste will concatenate the corresponding lines of the input files. The NEWLINE character of every line except the line from the last input file will be replaced with a TAB character.

    If an EOF (end-of-file) condition is detected on one or more input files, but not all input files, paste will behave as though empty lines were read from the files on which EOF was detected, unless the -s option is specified.  

    OPTIONS

    The following options are supported:

    -d list

    Unless a backslash character (\) appears in list, each character in list is an element specifying a delimiter character. If a backslash character appears in list, the backslash character and one or more characters following it are an element specifying a delimiter character as described below. These elements specify one or more delimiters to use, instead of the default TAB character, to replace the NEWLINE character of the input lines. The elements in list are used circularly. That is, when the list is exhausted, the first element from the list is reused.

    When the -s option is specified:

    o The last newline character in a file will not be modified.
    o The delimiter will be reset to the first element of list after each file operand is processed.
    When the option is not specified:
    o The NEWLINE characters in the file specified by the last file will not be modified.
    o The delimiter will be reset to the first element of list each time a line is processed from each file.
    If a backslash character appears in list, it and the character following it will be used to represent the following delimiter characters:

    \n

    Newline character.

    \t

    Tab character.

    \\

    Backslash character.

    \0

    Empty string (not a null character). If \0 is immediately followed by the character x, the character X, or any character defined by the LC_CTYPE digit keyword, the results are unspecified.

    If any other characters follow the backslash, the results are unspecified.

    -s

    Concatenate all of the lines of each separate input file in command line order. The NEWLINE character of every line except the last line in each input file will be replaced with the TAB character, unless otherwise specified by the -d option.

     

    OPERANDS

    The following operand is supported:

    file

    A path name of an input file. If - is specified for one or more of the files, the standard input will be used. The standard input will be read one line at a time, circularly, for each instance of -. Implementations support pasting of at least 12 file operands.

     

    USAGE

    See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of paste when encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2^31 bytes).  

    EXAMPLES

    Example 1 Listing a directory in one column

    example% ls | paste -d" " -
    

    Example 2 Listing a directory in four columns

    example% ls | paste - - - -
    

    Example 3 Combining pairs of lines from a file into single lines

    example% paste -s -d"\ t\ n" file
    

     

    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

    See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of paste: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.  

    EXIT STATUS

    The following exit values are returned:

    0

    Successful completion.

    >0

    An error occurred.

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWesu

    CSI

    Interface Stability

     

    SEE ALSO

    cut(1), grep(1), pr(1), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5), standards(5)  

    DIAGNOSTICS

    "line too long"

    Output lines are restricted to 511 characters.

    "too many files"

    Except for -s option, no more than 12 input files may be specified.

    "no delimiters"

    The -d option was specified with an empty list.

    "cannot open file"

    The specified file cannot be opened.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    OPERANDS
    USAGE
    EXAMPLES
    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
    EXIT STATUS
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO
    DIAGNOSTICS


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