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mlock (2)
  • >> mlock (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • mlock (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • mlock (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • mlock (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • mlock (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    mlock
    
     
    munlock
    
     - lock (unlock) physical pages in memory
    
     
    

    LIBRARY

    Lb libc
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/mman.h>
    int mlock (const void *addr size_t len);
    int munlock (const void *addr size_t len);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The mlock ();
    system call locks into memory the physical pages associated with the virtual address range starting at Fa addr for Fa len bytes. The munlock ();
    system call unlocks pages previously locked by one or more mlock ();
    calls. For both, the Fa addr argument should be aligned to a multiple of the page size. If the Fa len argument is not a multiple of the page size, it will be rounded up to be so. The entire range must be allocated.

    After an mlock ();
    system call, the indicated pages will cause neither a non-resident page nor address-translation fault until they are unlocked. They may still cause protection-violation faults or TLB-miss faults on architectures with software-managed TLBs. The physical pages remain in memory until all locked mappings for the pages are removed. Multiple processes may have the same physical pages locked via their own virtual address mappings. A single process may likewise have pages multiply-locked via different virtual mappings of the same pages or via nested mlock ();
    calls on the same address range. Unlocking is performed explicitly by munlock ();
    or implicitly by a call to munmap ();
    which deallocates the unmapped address range. Locked mappings are not inherited by the child process after a fork(2).

    Since physical memory is a potentially scarce resource, processes are limited in how much they can lock down. A single process can mlock ();
    the minimum of a system-wide ``wired pages'' limit and the per-process RLIMIT_MEMLOCK resource limit.

    These calls are only available to the super-user.  

    RETURN VALUES

    Rv -std

    If the call succeeds, all pages in the range become locked (unlocked); otherwise the locked status of all pages in the range remains unchanged.  

    ERRORS

    The mlock ();
    system call will fail if:

    Bq Er EPERM
    The caller is not the super-user.
    Bq Er EINVAL
    The address given is not page aligned or the length is negative.
    Bq Er EAGAIN
    Locking the indicated range would exceed either the system or per-process limit for locked memory.
    Bq Er ENOMEM
    Some portion of the indicated address range is not allocated. There was an error faulting/mapping a page.

    The munlock ();
    system call will fail if:

    Bq Er EPERM
    The caller is not the super-user.
    Bq Er EINVAL
    The address given is not page aligned or the length is negative.
    Bq Er ENOMEM
    Some portion of the indicated address range is not allocated.

     

    SEE ALSO

    fork(2), mincore(2), minherit(2), mlockall(2), mmap(2), munlockall(2), munmap(2), setrlimit(2), getpagesize(3)  

    HISTORY

    The mlock ();
    and munlock ();
    system calls first appeared in BSD 4.4  

    BUGS

    Allocating too much wired memory can lead to a memory-allocation deadlock which requires a reboot to recover from.

    The per-process resource limit is a limit on the amount of virtual memory locked, while the system-wide limit is for the number of locked physical pages. Hence a process with two distinct locked mappings of the same physical page counts as 2 pages against the per-process limit and as only a single page in the system limit.

    The per-process resource limit is not currently supported.


     

    Index

    NAME
    LIBRARY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    BUGS


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