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dbx (1)
  • >> dbx (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
         dbx - source-level debugging tool
         dbx [ -c  cmd ] [ -C ] [ -d ] [ -e ] [ -F ] [ -h ] [ -Idir ]
         [  -k  ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -R ] [ -s startup ] [ -S ] [ -V ] [
         -wcount ] [ execfile [ corefile | process-id ] ]
         dbx is a utility for source-level debugging and execution of
         programs written in C++, ANSI C, FORTRAN 77, and Fortran 90.
         execfile is an executable file, produced by a  Sun  compiler
         with  the  -g option which includes debugging symbols in the
         execfile or its associated object files.  This symbol  table
         contains  the  names  of all the source files used to create
         the execfile (all of which may be browsed),  as  well  as  a
         wide  range  of debugging information.  Debugging support is
         limited  for  parts  of  a  program not compiled with the -g
         Initially, symbol table information is stored  piecemeal  in
         each  of  the object files the compiler creates. If compila-
         tion does not create an object file, all debugging  informa-
         tion  is  stored in the execfile. Distributing the debugging
         information in the object files allows dbx to read and  load
         debugging  information  as  needed, a feature known as Auto-
         Read. If you need to move object files from  their  original
         location, make sure that dbx knows where to find them.  (See
         the pathmap command.)  If it is not feasible to keep program
         .o  files  around,  you  can  disable Auto-Read by compiling
         using the -xs option, which instructs the compiler  to  have
         the  linker  place  all debugging information in the program
         If, when starting dbx , no execfile is  specified,  use  the
         debug command to specify a program to be debugged.
         If you know a process-id but not the execfile, you  can  use
         the - (dash) as the execfile and enter the process-id option
         to attach the process to dbx.
         If a corefile argument is specified,  you  can  use  dbx  to
         examine the state of the program when the core file was pro-
         During startup, dbx searches for ./.dbxrc first (ksh  mode).
         If  ./.dbxrc  is not found, dbx prints a warning message and
         searches for ~/.dbxrc (dbx mode). Then the search  order  is
         ./.dbxrc, then ~/.dbxrc, then ./.dbxinit, then ~/.dbxinit.
         Runtime Checking (RTC) is a fully integrated feature of  dbx
         using its full capabilities for setting breakpoints and exa-
         mining variables. With RTC, you can detect runtime errors in
         an  application  at any stage. Additionally, you can monitor
         memory usage.
         The -g flag provides source line number correlation  in  the
         error  messages.   RTC  can check programs compiled with the
         optimization -O flag. You do not have to recompile,  relink,
         or modify the makefile to use RTC.
         For proper operation, RTC requires dynamic linking with libc
          and use of the standard libc functions malloc/free/realloc.
         To use RTC, issue a check  type-of-checking  command  within
         dbx  before running the program. It is also recommended that
         you start dbx with the -C option for early  loading  of  the
         RTC  library. Do not use -C when using 64-bit dbx to debug a
         32-bit execfile because -C will load the 64-bit  version  of
         the  library  instead of the 32-bit version.  Alternatively,
         RTC can be used in Batch mode. See bcheck (1). Access check-
         ing is supported only on the SPARC hardware architecture.
         -c cmd      Execute cmd after loading the program  and  just
                     before  prompting  for  input. For more than one
                     cmd, use double quotes around the string of com-
                     mands, separating them with a semi-colon. If the
                     commands include a $ (dollar sign),  the  double
                     quotes will not work.
         -C          Causes early loading of the RTC  library.  (This
                     does  not  turn  on  checking)  If  not  used on
                     startup, then the RTC library is loaded  on  the
                     next run, after a check command.
         -d          Delete startup after processing it.
         -h          Print help before prompting for input.
         -I dir      Add dir to the list of directories to search for
                     a   source  file.   dbx  normally  searches  the
                     current  directory  and  the   directory   where
                     execfile  is  located. The directory search path
                     can be reset with the pathmap command.
         -k          Debug a program that sets the keyboard into  up-
                     down  translation  mode.  Necessary if a program
                     uses up-down decoding.
         -q          Quiet mode, or silence echoing  of  two  loading
                     messages:  "Reading  symbol  table  for..."  and
                     "Attached to ...".
         -r          Run execfile immediately. Parameters follow  the
                     execfile  name  (including  redirection). If the
                     program terminates successfully, dbx exits. Oth-
                     erwise,  if a fault occurs, dbx reports the rea-
                     son and waits for a response.
         -R          Print the README file.
         -sstartup   Read  initialization  commands  from  the   file
                     startup script instead of from .dbxrc.
         -S          Suppress reading of site-specific .dbxrc.
         -V          Print the version of dbx being used.
         -w          Count - skip the top N frames in the where  com-
         The basic commands to know are:
         run         to run the program being debugged
         where       to obtain a stack trace with line numbers
         print       to display variables
         stop        to set breakpoints
      Scope Rules
         dbx resolves scope conflicts based  on  the  values  of  the
         current file and function. These values are updated as files
         and functions are entered and exited during  execution.  You
         can also change them explicitly using the file and func com-
         mands. When the current function  is  changed,  the  current
         file is updated along with it, and vice versa.
      Thread Identification
         In some commands the use of id refers to the thread id (tid)
         or light weight process id (lid). These take the form of t@N
         or l@N.
      Handler Identification
         Event handlers are identified with  an  integer  number  hid
         (see status, delete, and handler commands).
         For a listing of all dbx commands, type help commands at the
         dbx command line.
         dbx checks the environment variable EDITOR for the  name  of
         the  text  editor to use with the edit command. The environ-
         ment variable TMPDIR (if set) is used to replace /tmp as the
         location  for  temporary  files  needed by dbx.  Several ksh
         environment variables are also used.
         .dbxrc              local dbx initialization file
         ~/.dbxrc            your dbx initialization file
         .dbxinit            local dbx alternate initialization  file
         ~/.dbxinit          your dbx alternate  initialization  file
                             (obsolete)     shared library used with  the  collector
         libcollector.o      object file used with the collector com-
                             mand.  Links  with  the application when
                             using static linking and  the  collector
                             together           shared library used for RTC (check  com-
                             mand)        shared library used with the adb command        debugging aid  for  dbx  engineers  when
                             tracking dbx problems
         bcheck(1),  csh(1),   dbxrc(4),   dbxinit(4),   workshop(1),
         kill(1), ksh(1), make(1), rtc_patch_area(1).

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