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cp (1)
  • cp (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • cp (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • cp (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> cp (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • cp (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • cp (4) ( FreeBSD man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )


    cp - copy files and directories


    cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
    cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...  


    Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

    Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

    -a, --archive
    same as -dpR
    make a backup of each existing destination file
    like --backup but does not accept an argument
    copy contents of special files when recursive
    same as --no-dereference --preserve=link
    -f, --force
    if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it and try again
    -i, --interactive
    prompt before overwrite
    follow command-line symbolic links
    -l, --link
    link files instead of copying
    -L, --dereference
    always follow symbolic links
    -P, --no-dereference
    never follow symbolic links
    same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps
    preserve the specified attributes (default: mode,ownership,timestamps) and security contexts, if possible additional attributes: links, all
    don't preserve the specified attributes
    use full source file name under DIRECTORY
    -R, -r, --recursive
    copy directories recursively
    remove each existing destination file before attempting to open it (contrast with --force)
    control creation of sparse files
    --strip-trailing-slashes remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE
    -s, --symbolic-link
    make symbolic links instead of copying
    -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
    override the usual backup suffix
    -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
    copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY
    -T, --no-target-directory
    treat DEST as a normal file
    -u, --update
    copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination file or when the destination file is missing
    -v, --verbose
    explain what is being done
    -x, --one-file-system
    stay on this file system
    display this help and exit
    -Z, --context=CONTEXT
    set security context of copy to CONTEXT
    output version information and exit

    By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well. That is the behavior selected by --sparse=auto. Specify --sparse=always to create a sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough sequence of zero bytes. Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of sparse files.

    The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:

    none, off
    never make backups (even if --backup is given)
    numbered, t
    make numbered backups
    existing, nil
    numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
    simple, never
    always make simple backups

    As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing, regular file.  


    Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.  


    Report bugs to <>.  


    Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  


    The full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cp programs are properly installed at your site, the command
    info cp

    should give you access to the complete manual.




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