Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)
>> spppcontrol (8) ( FreeBSD man: Команды системного администрирования )
- display or set parameters for an sppp interface
[parameter [= value
driver might require a number of additional arguments or optional
parameters besides the settings that can be adjusted with
These are things like authentication protocol parameters, but also
other tunable configuration variables.
utility can be used to display the current settings, or adjust these
parameters as required.
For whatever intent
is being called, at least the parameter
needs to be specified, naming the interface for which the settings
are to be performed or displayed.
to see which interfaces are available.
If no other parameter is given,
will just list the current settings for
The reported settings include the current PPP phase the
interface is in, which can be one of the names
If an authentication protocol is configured for the interface, the
name of the protocol to be used, as well as the system name to be used
or expected will be displayed, plus any possible options to the
authentication protocol if applicable.
Note that the authentication
secrets (sometimes also called
are not being returned by the underlying system call, and are thus not
If any additional parameter is supplied, superuser privileges are
required, and the command works in the
This is normally done quietly, unless the option
is also enabled, which will cause a final printout of the settings as
described above once all other actions have been taken.
Use of this
mode will be rejected if the interface is currently in any other phase
Note that you can force an interface into
phase by calling
with the parameter
The currently supported parameters include:
authproto = protoname
Set both, his and my authentication protocol to
The protocol name can be one of
In the latter case, the use of an authentication protocol will be
turned off for the named interface.
This has the side-effect of
clearing the other authentication-related parameters for this
interface as well (i.e., system name and authentication secret will
myauthproto = protoname
Same as above, but only for my end of the link.
I.e., this is the
protocol when remote is authenticator, and I am the peer required to
hisauthproto = protoname
Same as above, but only for his end of the link.
myauthname = name
Set my system name for the authentication protocol.
hisauthname = name
Set his system name for the authentication protocol.
For CHAP, this
will only be used as a hint, causing a warning message if remote did
supply a different name.
For PAP, it is the name remote must use to
authenticate himself (in connection with his secret).
myauthsecret = secret
Set my secret (key, password) for use in the authentication phase.
For CHAP, this will be used to compute the response hash value, based
on remote's challenge.
For PAP, it will be transmitted as plain text
together with the system name.
Do not forget to quote the secrets from
the shell if they contain shell metacharacters (or white space).
myauthkey = secret
Same as above.
hisauthsecret = secret
Same as above, to be used if we are an authenticator and the remote peer
needs to authenticate.
hisauthkey = secret
Same as above.
Require remote to authenticate himself only when he is calling in, but
not when we are caller.
This is required for some peers that do not
implement the authentication protocols symmetrically (like Ascend
routers, for example).
The opposite of
Require remote to always authenticate, regardless of which side is
placing the call.
This is the default, and will not be explicitly
displayed in the
Only meaningful with CHAP.
Do not re-challenge peer once the initial
CHAP handshake was successful.
Used to work around broken peer
implementations that cannot grok being re-challenged once the
connection is up.
With CHAP, send re-challenges at random intervals while the connection
is in network phase.
(The intervals are currently in the range of 300
through approximately 800 seconds.)
This is the default, and will not
be explicitly displayed in the
lcp-timeout = timeout-value
Allows to change the value of the LCP restart timer.
specified in milliseconds.
The value must be between 10 and 20000 ms,
defaulting to 3000 ms.
Enable negotiation of Van Jacobsen header compression.
(Enabled by default.)
Disable negotiation of Van Jacobsen header compression.
Enable negotiation of the IPv6 network control protocol.
(Enabled by default if the kernel has IPv6 enabled.)
Disable negotiation of the IPv6 network control protocol.
IPv4 interface in an IPv6-enabled kernel automatically gets an IPv6
address assigned, this option provides for a way to administratively
prevent the link from attempting to negotiate IPv6.
initialization of an IPv6 interface causes a multicast packet to be
sent, which can cause unwanted traffic costs (for dial-on-demand
Display the settings for
The interface is currently in
phase, i.e., the LCP layer is down, and no traffic is possible.
ends of the connection use the CHAP protocol, my end tells remote the
and remote is expected to authenticate by the name
Once the initial CHAP handshake was successful, no further CHAP
challenges will be transmitted.
There are supposedly some known CHAP
secrets for both ends of the link which are not being shown.