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makehistory (8)
  • >> makehistory (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )


    makehistory - Initialize or rebuild INN history database


    makehistory [-abeFIOx] [-f filename] [-l count] [-T tmpdir]  


    makehistory rebuilds the history(5) text file, which contains a list of message IDs of articles already seen by the server. It can also be used to rebuild the overview database. Note that the dbz(3) indexes for the history file are rebuilt by makedbz(8), not by makehistory as in earlier versions of INN.

    The default name of the history text file is pathdb/history; to specify a different name, use the -f flag.

    By default, makehistory will scan the entire spool, using the storage manager, and write a history line for every article. To also generate overview information, use the -O flag.

    WARNING: If you're trying to rebuild the overview database, be sure to delete or zero out the existing database before you start for the best results. Otherwise, you may end up with problems like out-of-order overview entries, excessively large overview buffers, and the like.  


    Append to the history file rather than generating a new one. If you append to the main history file, make sure innd(8) is throttled or not running or you can corrupt the history.
    Delete any messages found in the spool that do not have valid Message-ID headers in them.
    Compute Bytes headers which is used for overview data. This option is valid only if -O flag is specified and overview.fmt includes `Bytes:'.
    -f filename
    Rather than writing directly to pathdb/history, instead write to filename.
    Fork a separate process to flush overview data to disk rather than doing it directly. The advantage of this is that it allows makehistory to continue to collect more data from the spool while the first batch of data is being written to the overview database. The disadvantage is that up to twice as much temporary disk space will be used for the generated overview data. This option only makes sense in combination with -O. With `buffindexed', the `overchan' program is invoked to write overview.
    Don't store overview data for articles numbered lower than the lowest article number in active(5). This is useful if there are old articles on disk for whatever reason that shouldn't be available to readers or put into the overview database.
    -l count
    This option specifies how many articles to process before writing the accumulated overview information out to the overview database. The default is `10000'. Since overview write performance is faster with sorted data, each ``batch'' gets sorted. Increasing the batch size with this option may further improve write performance, at the cost of longer sort times. Also, temporary space will be needed to store the overview batches. At a rough estimate, about 300 * count bytes of temporary space will be required (not counting temp files created by sort(1)). See the description of the -T option for how to specify the temporary storage location. This option has no effect with `buffindexed', because `buffindexed' does not need sorted overview and no batching is done.
    Create the overview database as well as the history file. Overview information is only required if the server supports readers; it is not needed for a transit-only server. If you are using the `buffindexed' overview storage method, erase all of your overview buffers before running makehistory with -O.
    -T tmpdir
    If -O is given, makehistory needs a location to write temporary overview data. By default, it uses pathtmp, set in inn.conf(5), but if this option is given, the provided tmpdir is used instead. This is also used for temporary files created by sort(1) (which is invoked in the process of writing overview information since sorted overview information writes faster). By default, sort usually uses /var/tmp; see the man page for sort on your system to be sure.
    If this option is given, makehistory won't write out history file entries. This is useful mostly for building overview without generating a new history file.


    Here's a typical example of rebuilding the entire history and overview database, removing broken articles in the news spool. This uses the default temporary file locations and should be done while innd isn't running or is throttled.

        makehistory -b -f history.n -O -l 30000 -I
    This will rebuild the overview (if using `buffindexed', erase the existing overview buffers before running this command) and leave a new history file in history.n in pathdb. To preserve all of the history entries from the old history file that correspond to rejected articles or expired articles, use:

        cd /usr/local/news/db
        awk 'NF == 2 { print }' < history >> history.n
    (replacing the path with your pathdb, if it isn't the default). Then look over the new history file for problems and run:

        makedbz -s `wc -l < history` -f history.n
    Then rename all of the files matching `history.n.*' to `history.*', replacing the current history database and indexes. After that, it's safe to unthrottle innd.

    For a simpler example:

        makehistory -b -f history.n -I -O
    will scan the spool, removing broken articles and generating history and overview entries for articles missing from history.

    To just rebuild overview:

        makehistory -O -x -F


    Read for pathdb and pathtmp.
    This is the default output file for makehistory.
    Where temporary files are written unless -T is given.


    Originally written by Rich $alz <> for InterNetNews and updated by various other people since.

    $Id: makehistory.8,v 2000/08/09 22:26:55 kondou Exp $  


    dbz(3), active(5), history(5), inn.conf(5), ctlinnd(8), innd(8), makedbz(8).




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