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libtiff (3)
  • >> libtiff (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • libtiff (3) ( Linux man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • Ключ libtiff обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.
         libtiff - introduction to libtiff, a library for reading and
         writing TIFF files
         #include <tiffio.h>
         cc file.c -ltiff
         libtiff is a library for  reading  and  writing  data  files
         encoded  with  the  Tag  Image File format, Revision 6.0 (or
         revision 5.0 or revision 4.0).  This file format is suitable
         for archiving multi-color and monochromatic image data.
         The library  supports  several  compression  algorithms,  as
         indicated  by the Compression field, including:  no compres-
         sion (1), CCITT 1D Huffman compression (2),  CCITT  Group  3
         Facsimile  compression (3), CCITT Group 4 Facsimile compres-
         sion (4), Lempel-Ziv & Welch compression (5), baseline  JPEG
         compression   (7),   word-aligned   1D  Huffman  compression
         (32771), and PackBits  compression  (32773).   In  addition,
         several  nonstandard  compression  algorithms are supported:
         the 4-bit compression algorithm used by the ThunderScan pro-
         gram  (32809) (decompression only), NeXT's 2-bit compression
         algorithm (32766) (decompression only), an experimental  LZ-
         style  algorithm known as Deflate (32946), and an experimen-
         tal CIE LogLuv compression scheme designed for  images  with
         high  dynamic  range  (32845 for LogL and 32845 for LogLuv).
         Directory information may be in either little- or big-endian
         byte  order-byte  swapping  is  automatically  done  by  the
         library.  Data bit ordering may be either  Most  Significant
         Bit  (MSB)  to  Least  Significant  Bit (LSB) or LSB to MSB.
         Finally, the library does not support  files  in  which  the
         BitsPerSample,   Compression,   MinSampleValue,  or  MaxSam-
         pleValue fields are  defined  differently  on  a  per-sample
         basis  (in  Rev. 6.0 the Compression tag is not defined on a
         per-sample basis, so this is immaterial).
         The library makes extensive use of  C  typedefs  to  promote
         portability.  Two sets of typedefs are used, one for commun-
         ication with clients of the library  and  one  for  internal
         data structures and parsing of the TIFF format.  The follow-
         ing typedefs are exposed to users  either  through  function
         definitions or through parameters passed through the varargs
              typedef unsigned short uint16;      16-bit unsigned integer
              typedef unsigned <thing> uint32;    32-bit unsigned integer
              typedef unsigned int ttag_t;        directory tag
              typedef uint16 tdir_t;              directory index
              typedef uint16 tsample_t;           sample number
              typedef uint32 tstrip_t;            strip number
              typedef uint32 ttile_t;             tile number
              typedef int32 tsize_t;              i/o size in bytes
              typedef void* tdata_t;              image data ref
              typedef void* thandle_t;            client data handle
              typedef int32 toff_t;               file offset
         Note that tstrip_t, ttile_t, and tsize_t are constrained  to
         be  no more than 32-bit quantities by 32-bit fields they are
         stored in in the TIFF image.  Likewise tsample_t is  limited
         by  the  16-bit field used to store the SamplesPerPixel tag.
         tdir_t constrains the maximum number of IFDs that may appear
         in  an  image  and  may  be an arbitrary size (w/o penalty).
         ttag_t must be either int, unsigned int, pointer, or  double
         because the library uses a varargs interface and ANSI C res-
         tricts the type of the parameter before an ellipsis to be  a
         promoted type.  toff_t is defined as int32 because TIFF file
         offsets are (unsigned) 32-bit quantities.  A signed value is
         used  because  some interfaces return -1 on error.  Finally,
         note that  user-specified  data  references  are  passed  as
         opaque  handles  and  only  cast  at the lowest layers where
         their type is presumed.
         The following routines are part  of  the  library.   Consult
         specific  manual  pages for details on their operation.  The
         manual page names listed below are  for  systems  where  the
         full function names can not be encoded in the filesystem; on
         most systems doing ``man function-name'' will work.
         Name                   Appears on Page  Description
         TIFFCheckTile          tile.3t          very x,y,z,sample is within image
         TIFFClientOpen         open.3t          open a file for reading or writing
         TIFFClose              close.3t         close an open file
         TIFFComputeStrip       strip.3t         return strip containing y,sample
         TIFFComputeTile        tile.3t          return tile containing x,y,z,sample
         TIFFCurrentDirectory   query.3t         return index of current directory
         TIFFCurrentRow         query.3t         return index of current scanline
         TIFFCurrentStrip       query.3t         return index of current strip
         TIFFCurrentTile        query.3t         return index of current tile
         TIFFError              error.3t         library error handler
         TIFFFdOpen             open.3t          open a file for reading or writing
         TIFFFileName           query.3t         return name of open file
         TIFFFileno             query.3t         return open file descriptor
         TIFFFlush              flush.3t         flush all pending writes
         TIFFFlushData          flush.3t         flush pending data writes
         TIFFGetBitRevTable     swab.3t          return bit reversal table
         TIFFGetField           getfield.3t      return tag value in current directory
         TIFFGetFieldDefaulted  getfield.3t      return tag value in current directory
         TIFFGetMode            query.3t         return open file mode
         TIFFGetVersion         query.3t         return library version string
         TIFFIsTiled            query.3t         return true if image data is tiled
         TIFFIsByteSwapped      query.3t         return true if image data is byte-swapped
         TIFFNumberOfStrips     strip.3t         return number of strips in an image
         TIFFNumberOfTiles      tile.3t          return number of tiles in an image
         TIFFOpen               open.3t          open a file for reading or writing
         TIFFPrintDirectory     print.3t         print description of the current directory
         TIFFReadBufferSetup    rdbuf.3t         specify i/o buffer for reading
         TIFFReadDirectory      readdir.3t       read the next directory
         TIFFReadEncodedStrip   rdestrip.3t      read and decode a strip of data
         TIFFReadEncodedTile    rdetile.3t       read and decode a tile of data
         TIFFReadRawStrip       rdrstrip.3t      read a raw strip of data
         TIFFReadRawTile        rdrtile.3t       read a raw tile of data
         TIFFReadRGBAImage      rdimage.3t       read an image into a fixed format raster
         TIFFReadScanline       readline.3t      read and decode a row of data
         TIFFReadTile           readtile.3t      read and decode a tile of data
         TIFFReverseBits        swab.3t          reverse bits in an array of bytes
         TIFFRGBAImageBegin     rgbaimage.3t     setup decoder state for TIFFRGBAImageGet
         TIFFRGBAImageEnd       rgbaimage.3t     release TIFFRGBAImage decoder state
         TIFFRGBAImageGet       rgbaimage.3t     read and decode an image
         TIFFRGBAImageOK        rgbaimage.3t     is image readable by TIFFRGBAImageGet
         TIFFScanlineSize       size.3t          return size of a scanline
         TIFFSetDirectory       setdir.3t        set the current directory
         TIFFSetSubDirectory    setdir.3t        set the current directory
         TIFFSetErrorHandler    error.3t         set error handler function
         TIFFSetField           setfield.3t      set a tag's value in the current directory
         TIFFSetWarningHandler  error.3t         set warning handler function
         TIFFStripSize          size.3t          return size of a strip
         TIFFSwabShort          swab.3t          swap bytes of short
         TIFFSwabLong           swab.3t          swap bytes of long
         TIFFSwabArrayOfShort   swab.3t          swap bytes of an array of shorts
         TIFFSwabArrayOfLong    swab.3t          swap bytes of an array of longs
         TIFFTileRowSize        size.3t          return size of a row in a tile
         TIFFTileSize           size.3t          return size of a tile
         TIFFVGetField          getfield.3t      return tag value in current directory
         TIFFVGetFieldDefaulted getfield.3t      return tag value in current directory
         TIFFVSetField          setfield.3t      set a tag's value in the current directory
         TIFFWarning            warning.3t       library warning handler
         TIFFWriteDirectory     writedir.3t      write the current directory
         TIFFWriteEncodedStrip  wrestrip.3t      compress and write a strip of data
         TIFFWriteEncodedTile   wretile.3t       compress and write a tile of data
         TIFFWriteRawStrip      wrrstrip.3t      write a raw strip of data
         TIFFWriteRawTile       wrrtile.3t       write a raw tile of data
         TIFFWriteScanline      writeline.3t     write a scanline of data
         TIFFWriteTile          wrrtile.3t       compress and write a tile of data
         The table below lists the TIFF tags that are recognized  and
         handled  by  the  library.   If  no  use is indicated in the
         table, then the library reads and writes the tag,  but  does
         not  use  it internally.  Note that some tags are meaningful
         only when a particular compression  scheme  is  being  used;
         e.g.   Group3Options is only useful if Compression is set to
         CCITT Group 3 encoding.  Tags of this  sort  are  considered
         codec-specific  tags and the library does not recognize them
         except when the Compression tag has been previously  set  to
         the relevant compression scheme.
         Tag Name                Value  R/W  Library Use/Notes
         Artist                  315    R/W
         BadFaxLines             326    R/W
         BitsPerSample           258    R/W  lots
         CellLength              265         parsed but ignored
         CellWidth               264         parsed but ignored
         CleanFaxData            327    R/W
         ColorMap                320    R/W
         ColorResponseUnit       300         parsed but ignored
         Compression             259    R/W  choosing codec
         ConsecutiveBadFaxLines  328    R/W
         DataType                32996  R    obsoleted by SampleFormat tag
         DateTime                306    R/W
         DocumentName            269    R/W
         DotRange                336    R/W
         ExtraSamples            338    R/W  lots
         FaxRecvParams           34908  R/W
         FaxSubAddress           34909  R/W
         FaxRecvTime             34910  R/W
         FillOrder               266    R/W  control bit order
         FreeByteCounts          289         parsed but ignored
         FreeOffsets             288         parsed but ignored
         GrayResponseCurve       291         parsed but ignored
         GrayResponseUnit        290         parsed but ignored
         Group3Options           292    R/W  used by Group 3 codec
         Group4Options           293    R/W
         HostComputer            316    R/W
         ImageDepth              32997  R/W  tile/strip calculations
         ImageDescription        270    R/W
         ImageLength             257    R/W  lots
         ImageWidth              256    R/W  lots
         InkNames                333    R/W
         InkSet                  332    R/W
         JPEGTables              347    R/W  used by JPEG codec
         Make                    271    R/W
         Matteing                32995  R    obsoleted by ExtraSamples tag
         MaxSampleValue          281    R/W
         MinSampleValue          280    R/W
         Model                   272    R/W
         NewSubFileType          254    R/W  called SubFileType in spec
         NumberOfInks            334    R/W
         Orientation             274    R/W
         PageName                285    R/W
         PageNumber              297    R/W
         PhotometricInterpretation      262  R/Wused by Group 3 and JPEG codecs
         PlanarConfiguration     284    R/W  data i/o
         Predictor               317    R/W  used by LZW and Deflate codecs
         PrimaryChromacities     319    R/W
         ReferenceBlackWhite     532    R/W
         ResolutionUnit          296    R/W  used by Group 3 codec
         RowsPerStrip            278    R/W  data i/o
         SampleFormat            339    R/W
         SamplesPerPixel         277    R/W  lots
         SMinSampleValue         340    R/W
         SMaxSampleValue         341    R/W
         Software                305    R/W
         StoNits                 37439  R/W
         StripByteCounts         279    R/W  data i/o
         StripOffsets            273    R/W  data i/o
         SubFileType             255    R/W  called OSubFileType in spec
         TargetPrinter           337    R/W
         Thresholding            263    R/W
         TileByteCounts          324    R/W  data i/o
         TileDepth               32998  R/W  tile/strip calculations
         TileLength              323    R/W  data i/o
         TileOffsets             324    R/W  data i/o
         TileWidth               322    R/W  data i/o
         TransferFunction        301    R/W
         WhitePoint              318    R/W
         XPosition               286    R/W
         XResolution             282    R/W
         YCbCrCoefficients       529    R/W  used by TIFFRGBAImage support
         YCbCrPositioning        531    R/W  tile/strip size calulcations
         YCbCrSubsampling        530    R/W
         YPosition               286    R/W
         YResolution             283    R/W  used by Group 3 codec
         In addition to the normal TIFF tags the library  supports  a
         collection  of  tags whose values lie in a range outside the
         valid range of TIFF tags.  These tags are termed  pseud-tags
         and  are  used  to  control various codec-specific functions
         within the library.  The table below summarizes the  defined
         Tag Name                Codec  R/W  Library Use/Notes
         TIFFTAG_FAXMODE         G3     R/W  general codec operation
         TIFFTAG_FAXFILLFUNC     G3/G4  R/W  bitmap fill function
         TIFFTAG_JPEGQUALITY     JPEG   R/W  compression quality control
         TIFFTAG_JPEGCOLORMODE   JPEG   R/W  control colorspace conversions
         TIFFTAG_JPEGTABLESMODE  JPEG   R/W  control contents of JPEGTables tag
         TIFFTAG_ZIPQUALITY      Deflate     R/Wcompression quality level
         TIFFTAG_PIXARLOGDATAFMT PixarLog    R/Wuser data format
         TIFFTAG_PIXARLOGQUALITY PixarLog    R/Wcompression quality level
         TIFFTAG_SGILOGDATAFMT   SGILog R/W  user data format
              Control the operation of the Group 3  codec.   Possible
              values (independent bits that can be combined by or'ing
              them together) are:  FAXMODE_CLASSIC (enable  old-style
              format  in  which  the RTC is written at the end of the
              last     strip),     FAXMODE_NORTC     (opposite     of
              FAXMODE_CLASSIC;     also    called    FAXMODE_CLASSF),
              FAXMODE_NOEOL (do not write EOL codes at the  start  of
              each   row  of  data),  FAXMODE_BYTEALIGN  (align  each
              encoded row to an  8-bit  boundary),  FAXMODE_WORDALIGN
              (align  each  encoded  row  to an 16-bit boundary), The
              default value is dependent on the  compression  scheme;
              this pseudo-tag is used by the various G3 and G4 codecs
              to share code.
              Control the function used to convert  arrays  of  black
              and  white runs to packed bit arrays.  This hook can be
              used to image decoded scanlines in multi-bit depth ras-
              ters  (e.g.  for display in colormap mode) or for other
              purposes.  The default value is a pointer to a  builtin
              function that images packed bilevel data.
              Control the compression quality level used in the base-
              line  algorithm.   Note  that quality levels are in the
              range 0-100 with a default value of 75.
              Control whether or not conversion is done  between  RGB
              and    YCbCr   colorspaces.    Possible   values   are:
              JPEGCOLORMODE_RAW     (do     not     convert),     and
              JPEGCOLORMODE_RGB  (convert  to/from  RGB)  The default
              value is JPEGCOLORMODE_RAW.
              Control the information written in the JPEGTables  tag.
              Possible  values (independent bits that can be combined
              by or'ing  them  together)  are:   JPEGTABLESMODE_QUANT
              (include  quantization tables), and JPEGTABLESMODE_HUFF
              (include Huffman encoding tables).  The  default  value
              Control the compression technique used by  the  Deflate
              codec.  Quality levels are in the range 1-9 with larger
              numbers yielding better compression at the cost of more
              computation.   The  default  quality  level  is 6 which
              yields a good time-space tradeoff.
              Control the format of user data passed in to the Pixar-
              Log codec when encoding and passed out from when decod-
              ing.  Possible values  are:   PIXARLOGDATAFMT_8BIT  for
              8-bit  unsigned pixels, PIXARLOGDATAFMT_8BITABGR for 8-
              bit        unsigned        ABGR-ordered         pixels,
              PIXARLOGDATAFMT_11BITLOG  for  11-bit  log-encoded  raw
              data,  PIXARLOGDATAFMT_12BITPICIO  for  12-bit   PICIO-
              compatible   data,   PIXARLOGDATAFMT_16BIT  for  16-bit
              signed samples, and  PIXARLOGDATAFMT_FLOAT  for  32-bit
              IEEE floating point samples.
              Control the compression technique used by the  PixarLog
              codec.    This   value   is   treated   identically  to
              TIFFTAG_ZIPQUALITY; see the above description.
              Control the format of client data passed in to the SGI-
              Log codec when encoding and passed out from when decod-
              ing.  Possible values  are:   SGILOGDATAFMT_FLTXYZ  for
              converting  between  LogLuv  and  32-bit  IEEE floating
              valued XYZ pixels,  SGILOGDATAFMT_16BITLUV  for  16-bit
              encoded    Luv   pixels,   SGILOGDATAFMT_32BITRAW   and
              SGILOGDATAFMT_24BITRAW  for  no  conversion  of   data,
              SGILOGDATAFMT_8BITRGB  for  returning  8-bit  RGB  data
              (valid  only  when   decoding   LogLuv-encoded   data),
              SGILOGDATAFMT_FLTY  for converting between LogL and 32-
              bit IEEE floating valued Y pixels, SGILOGDATAFMT_16BITL
              for  16-bit encoded L pixels, and SGILOGDATAFMT_8BITGRY
              for returning 8-bit greyscale  data  (valid  only  when
              decoding LogL-encoded data).
         All error messages are directed through the  TIFFError  rou-
         tine.   By  default  messages  are directed to stderr in the
         form:  module: message\n.   Warning  messages  are  likewise
         directed through the TIFFWarning routine.
         fax2tiff(1),    gif2tiff(1),    pal2rgb(1),     ppm2tiff(1),
         rgb2ycbcr(1),  ras2tiff(1),  sgi2tiff(1),  tiff2bw(1), tiff-
         dither(1), tiffdump(1),  tiffcp(1),  tiffcmp(1),  tiffgt(1),
         tiffinfo(1), tiffmedian(1), tiffsplit(1), tiffsv(1),
         Tag Image File Format Specification - Revision 6.0, an Aldus
         Technical Memorandum.
         The Spirit of TIFF Class F, an  appendix  to  the  TIFF  5.0
         specification prepared by Cygnet Technologies.
         The library does not support multi-sample images where  some
         samples have different bits/sample.
         The library does not support  random  access  to  compressed
         data  that  is  organized with more than one row per tile or
         strip.  The library  discards  unknown  tags.   The  library
         should do more validity checking of a directory's contents.

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