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dmsetup (8)
  • >> dmsetup (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )
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    NAME

    dmsetup - low level logical volume management
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    dmsetup help [-c|-C|--columns]
    dmsetup create device_name [-u uuid] [--notable | --table <table> | table_file]
    dmsetup remove [-f|--force] device_name
    dmsetup remove_all [-f|--force]
    dmsetup suspend [--nolockfs] [--noflush] device_name
    dmsetup resume device_name
    dmsetup load device_name [--table <table> | table_file]
    dmsetup clear device_name
    dmsetup reload device_name [--table <table> | table_file]
    dmsetup rename device_name new_name
    dmsetup message device_name sector message
    dmsetup ls [--target target_type] [--exec command] [--tree [-o options]]
    dmsetup info [device_name]
    dmsetup info -c|-C|--columns [--noheadings] [--separator separator] [-o fields] [-O|--sort sort_fields] [device_name]
    dmsetup deps [device_name]
    dmsetup status [--target target_type] [device_name]
    dmsetup table [--target target_type] [device_name]
    dmsetup wait device_name [event_nr]
    dmsetup mknodes [device_name]
    dmsetup targets
    dmsetup version
    dmsetup setgeometry device_name cyl head sect start

    devmap_name major minor
    devmap_name major:minor  

    DESCRIPTION

    dmsetup manages logical devices that use the device-mapper driver. Devices are created by loading a table that specifies a target for each sector (512 bytes) in the logical device.

    The first argument to dmsetup is a command. The second argument is the logical device name or uuid.

    Invoking the command as devmap_name is equivalent to
    dmsetup info -c --noheadings -j major -m minor.  

    OPTIONS

    -c|-C|--columns

    Display output in columns rather than as Field: Value lines.
    -j|--major major

    Specify the major number.
    -m|--minor minor

    Specify the minor number.
    -n|--noheadings

    Suppress the headings line when using columnar output.
    --noopencount

    Tell the kernel not to supply the open reference count for the device.
    --notable

    When creating a device, don't load any table.
    -o|--options

    Specify which fields to display.
    -r|--readonly

    Set the table being loaded read-only.
    --table <table>

    Specify a one-line table directly on the command line.
    -u|--uuid

    Specify the uuid.
    -v|--verbose [-v|--verbose]

    Produce additional output.
    --version

    Display the library and kernel driver version.
     

    COMMANDS

    create
    device_name [-u uuid] [--notable | --table <table> | table_file]
    Creates a device with the given name. If table_file or <table> is supplied, the table is loaded and made live. Otherwise a table is read from standard input unless --notable is used. The optional uuid can be used in place of device_name in subsequent dmsetup commands. If successful a device will appear as /dev/device-mapper/<device-name>. See below for information on the table format.
    deps
    [device_name]
    Outputs a list of (major, minor) pairs for devices referenced by the live table for the specified device.
    help
    [-c|-C|--columns]
    Outputs a summary of the commands available, optionally including the list of report fields.
    info
    [device_name]
    Outputs some brief information about the device in the form:

        State: SUSPENDED|ACTIVE, READ-ONLY

        Tables present: LIVE and/or INACTIVE

        Open reference count

        Last event sequence number (used by wait)

        Major and minor device number

        Number of targets in the live table

        UUID
    info
    [--noheadings] [--separator separator] [-o fields] [-O|--sort sort_fields] [device_name]
    Output you can customise. Fields are comma-separated and chosen from the following list: name, major, minor, attr, open, segments, events, uuid. Attributes are: (L)ive, (I)nactive, (s)uspended, (r)ead-only, read-(w)rite. Precede the list with '+' to append to the default selection of columns instead of replacing it. Precede any sort_field with - for a reverse sort on that column.
    ls
    [--target target_type] [--exec command] [--tree [-o options]]
    List device names. Optionally only list devices that have at least one target of the specified type. Optionally execute a command for each device. The device name is appended to the supplied command. --tree displays dependencies between devices as a tree. It accepts a comma-separate list of options. Some specify the information displayed against each node: device/nodevice; active, open, rw, uuid. Others specify how the tree is displayed: ascii, utf, vt100; compact, inverted, notrunc.
    load|reload
    device_name [--table <table> | table_file]
    Loads <table> or table_file into the inactive table slot for device_name. If neither is supplied, reads a table from standard input.
    message
    device_name sector message
    Send message to target. If sector not needed use 0.
    mknodes
    [device_name]
    Ensure that the node in /dev/mapper for device_name is correct. If no device_name is supplied, ensure that all nodes in /dev/mapper correspond to mapped devices currently loaded by the device-mapper kernel driver, adding, changing or removing nodes as necessary.
    remove
    [-f|--force] device_name
    Removes a device. It will no longer be visible to dmsetup. Open devices cannot be removed except with older kernels that contain a version of device-mapper prior to 4.8.0. In this case the device will be deleted when its open_count drops to zero. From version 4.8.0 onwards, if a device can't be removed because an uninterruptible process is waiting for I/O to return from it, adding --force will replace the table with one that fails all I/O, which might allow the process to be killed.
    remove_all
    [-f|--force]
    Attempts to remove all device definitions i.e. reset the driver. Use with care! From version 4.8.0 onwards, if devices can't be removed because uninterruptible processess are waiting for I/O to return from them, adding --force will replace the table with one that fails all I/O, which might allow the process to be killed. This also runs mknodes afterwards.
    rename
    device_name new_name
    Renames a device.
    resume
    device_name
    Un-suspends a device. If an inactive table has been loaded, it becomes live. Postponed I/O then gets re-queued for processing.
    setgeometry
    device_name cyl head sect start
    Sets the device geometry to C/H/S.
    status
    [--target target_type] [device_name]
    Outputs status information for each of the device's targets. With --target, only information relating to the specified target type is displayed.
    suspend
    [--nolockfs] [--noflush] device_name
    Suspends a device. Any I/O that has already been mapped by the device but has not yet completed will be flushed. Any further I/O to that device will be postponed for as long as the device is suspended. If there's a filesystem on the device which supports the operation, an attempt will be made to sync it first unless --nolockfs is specified. Some targets such as recent (October 2006) versions of multipath may support the --noflush option. This lets outstanding I/O that has not yet reached the device to remain unflushed.
    table
    [--target target_type] [device_name]
    Outputs the current table for the device in a format that can be fed back in using the create or load commands. With --target, only information relating to the specified target type is displayed.
    targets

    Displays the names and versions of the currently-loaded targets.
    version

    Outputs version information.
    wait
    device_name [event_nr]
    Sleeps until the event counter for device_name exceeds event_nr. Use -v to see the event number returned. To wait until the next event is triggered, use info to find the last event number.
     

    TABLE FORMAT

    Each line of the table specifies a single target and is of the form:

        logical_start_sector num_sectors target_type target_args

    There are currently three simple target types available together with more complex optional ones that implement snapshots and mirrors.

    linear
    destination_device start_sector
    The traditional linear mapping.

    striped
    num_stripes chunk_size [destination start_sector]+
    Creates a striped area.
    e.g. striped 2 32 /dev/hda1 0 /dev/hdb1 0 will map the first chunk (16k) as follows:

        LV chunk 1 -> hda1, chunk 1

        LV chunk 2 -> hdb1, chunk 1

        LV chunk 3 -> hda1, chunk 2

        LV chunk 4 -> hdb1, chunk 2

        etc.

    error

    Errors any I/O that goes to this area. Useful for testing or for creating devices with holes in them.

     

    EXAMPLES

    # A table to join two disks together

    0 1028160 linear /dev/hda 0
    1028160 3903762 linear /dev/hdb 0

    # A table to stripe across the two disks,
    # and add the spare space from
    # hdb to the back of the volume

    0 2056320 striped 2 32 /dev/hda 0 /dev/hdb 0
    2056320 2875602 linear /dev/hdb 1028160

     

    AUTHORS

    Original version: Joe Thornber (thornber@sistina.com)

     

    SEE ALSO

    Device-mapper resource page: http://sources.redhat.com/dm/


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    COMMANDS
    TABLE FORMAT
    EXAMPLES
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO


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