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ancontrol (8)
  • >> ancontrol (8) ( FreeBSD man: Команды системного администрирования )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    ancontrol
    
     - configure Aironet 4500/4800 devices
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    -i iface -A
    -i iface -N
    -i iface -S
    -i iface -I
    -i iface -T
    -i iface -C
    -i iface -Q
    -i iface -Z
    -i iface -R
    -i iface -t 0 - 4
    -i iface -s 0 - 3
    -i iface [-v 1 - 4 ] -a AP
    -i iface -b beacon_period
    -i iface [-v 0 | 1 ] -d 0 - 3
    -i iface -e 0 - 4
    -i iface [-v 0 - 8 ] -k key
    -i iface -K 0 - 2
    -i iface -W 0 - 2
    -i iface -L user_name
    -i iface -j netjoin_timeout
    -i iface -l station_name
    -i iface -m mac_address
    -i iface [-v 1 - 3 ] -n SSID
    -i iface -o 0 | 1
    -i iface -p tx_power
    -i iface -c frequency
    -i iface -f fragmentation_threshold
    -i iface -r RTS_threshold
    -i iface -M 0 - 15
    -h  

    DESCRIPTION

    The utility controls the operation of Aironet wireless networking devices via the an(4) driver. Most of the parameters that can be changed relate to the IEEE 802.11 protocol which the Aironet cards implement. This includes such things as the station name, whether the station is operating in ad-hoc (point to point) or infrastructure mode, and the network name of a service set to join. The utility can also be used to view the current NIC status, configuration and to dump out the values of the card's statistics counters.

    The iface argument given to should be the logical interface name associated with the Aironet device ( an0 , an1 etc.). If one is not specified the device ``an0 '' will be assumed.

    The utility is not designed to support the combination of arguments from different Sx SYNOPSIS lines in a single invocation, and such combinations are not recommended.  

    OPTIONS

    The options are as follows:

    -i iface -A
    Display the preferred access point list. The AP list can be used by stations to specify the MAC address of access points with which it wishes to associate. If no AP list is specified (the default) then the station will associate with the first access point that it finds which serves the SSID(s) specified in the SSID list. The AP list can be modified with the -a option.
    -i iface -N
    Display the SSID list. This is a list of service set IDs (i.e., network names) with which the station wishes to associate. There may be up to three SSIDs in the list: the station will go through the list in ascending order and associate with the first matching SSID that it finds.
    -i iface -S
    Display NIC status information. This includes the current operating status, current BSSID, SSID, channel, beacon period and currently associated access point. The operating mode indicates the state of the NIC, MAC status and receiver status. When the Qq Li synced keyword appears, it means the NIC has successfully associated with an access point, associated with an ad-hoc ``master'' station, or become a ``master'' itself. The beacon period can be anything between 20 and 976 milliseconds. The default is 100.
    -i iface -I
    Display NIC capability information. This shows the device type, frequency, speed and power level capabilities and firmware revision levels.
    -i iface -T
    Display the NIC's internal statistics counters.
    -i iface -C
    Display current NIC configuration. This shows the current operation mode, receive mode, MAC address, power save settings, various timing settings, channel selection, diversity, transmit power and transmit speed.
    -i iface -Q
    Display the cached signal strength information maintained by the an(4) driver. The driver retains information about signal strength and noise level for packets received from different hosts. The signal strength and noise level values are displayed in units of dBms by default. The hw.an.an_cache_mode sysctl(8) variable can be set to raw , dbm or per
    -i iface -Z
    Clear the signal strength cache maintained internally by the an(4) driver.
    -i iface -R
    Display RSSI map that converts from the RSSI index to percent and dBm.
    -i iface -t 0 - 4
    Select transmit speed. The available settings are as follows:

    TX rate       NIC speed

    0 Ta Auto -- NIC selects optimal speed
    1 Ta 1Mbps fixed
    2 Ta 2Mbps fixed
    3 Ta 5.5Mbps fixed
    4 Ta 11Mbps fixed

    Note that the 5.5 and 11Mbps settings are only supported on the 4800
    series adapters: the 4500 series adapters have a maximum speed of 2Mbps.

    -i iface -s 0 - 3
    Set power save mode. Valid selections are as follows:

    Selection     Power save mode

    0 Ta None - power save disabled
    1 Ta Constantly awake mode (CAM)
    2 Ta Power Save Polling (PSP)
    3 Ta Fast Power Save Polling (PSP-CAM)

    Note that for IBSS (ad-hoc) mode, only PSP mode is supported, and only
    if the ATIM window is non-zero.

    -i iface [-v 1 - 4 -a AP ]
    Set preferred access point. The AP is specified as a MAC address consisting of 6 hexadecimal values separated by colons. By default, the -a option only sets the first entry in the AP list. The -v modifier can be used to specify exactly which AP list entry is to be modified. If the -v flag is not used, the first AP list entry will be changed.
    -i iface -b beacon_period
    Set the ad-hoc mode beacon period. The beacon_period is specified in milliseconds. The default is 100ms.
    -i iface [-v 0 | 1 -d 0 - 3 ]
    Select the antenna diversity. Aironet devices can be configured with up to two antennas, and transmit and receive diversity can be configured accordingly. Valid selections are as follows:

    Selection     Diversity

    0 Ta Select factory default diversity
    1 Ta Antenna 1 only
    2 Ta Antenna 2 only
    3 Ta Antenna 1 and 2

    The receive and transmit diversity can be set independently.
    The user must specify which diversity setting is to be modified by using the -v option: selection 0 sets the receive diversity and 1 sets the transmit diversity.

    -i iface -e 0 - 4
    Set the transmit WEP key to use. Note that until this command is issued, the device will use the last key programmed. The transmit key is stored in NVRAM. Currently set transmit key can be checked via -C option. Selection 4 sets the card in ``Home Network Mode'' and uses the home key.
    -i iface [-v 0 - 8 -k key ]
    Set a WEP key. For 40 bit prefix 10 hex character with 0x. For 128 bit prefix 26 hex character with 0x. Use Qq as the key to erase the key. Supports 4 keys; even numbers are for permanent keys and odd number are for temporary keys. For example, -v 1 sets the first temporary key. (A ``permanent'' key is stored in NVRAM; a ``temporary'' key is not.) Note that the device will use the most recently-programmed key by default. Currently set keys can be checked via -C option, only the sizes of the keys are returned. The value of 8 is for the home key. Note that the value for the home key can be read back from firmware.
    -i iface -K 0 - 2
    Set authorization type. Use 0 for none, 1 for ``Open'' 2 for ``Shared Key''
    -i iface -W 0 - 2
    Enable WEP. Use 0 for no WEP, 1 to enable full WEP, 2 for mixed cell.
    -i iface -L user_name
    Enable LEAP and query for password. It will check to see if it has authenticated for up to 60s. To disable LEAP, set WEP mode.
    -i iface -j netjoin_timeout
    Set the ad-hoc network join timeout. When a station is first activated in ad-hoc mode, it will search out a ``master'' station with the desired SSID and associate with it. If the station is unable to locate another station with the same SSID after a suitable timeout, it sets itself up as the ``master'' so that other stations may associate with it. This timeout defaults to 10000 milliseconds (10 seconds) but may be changed with this option. The timeout should be specified in milliseconds.
    -i iface -l station_name
    Set the station name used internally by the NIC. The station_name can be any text string up to 16 characters in length. The default name is set by the driver to ``FreeBSD ''
    -i iface -m mac_address
    Set the station address for the specified interface. The mac_address is specified as a series of six hexadecimal values separated by colons, e.g.: 00:60:1d:12:34:56 This programs the new address into the card and updates the interface as well.
    -i iface [-v 1 - 3 -n SSID ]
    Set the desired SSID (network name). There are three SSIDs which allows the NIC to work with access points at several locations without needing to be reconfigured. The NIC checks each SSID in sequence when searching for a match. The SSID to be changed can be specified with the -v modifier option. If the -v flag is not used, the first SSID in the list is set.
    -i iface -o 0 | 1
    Set the operating mode of the Aironet interface. Valid selections are 0 for ad-hoc mode and 1 for infrastructure mode. The default driver setting is for infrastructure mode.
    -i iface -p tx_power
    Set the transmit power level in milliwatts. Valid power settings vary depending on the actual NIC and can be viewed by dumping the device capabilities with the -I flag. Typical values are 1, 5, 20, 50 and 100mW. Selecting 0 sets the factory default.
    -i iface -c frequency
    Set the radio frequency of a given interface. The frequency should be specified as a channel ID as shown in the table below. The list of available frequencies is dependent on radio regulations specified by regional authorities. Recognized regulatory authorities include the FCC (United States), ETSI (Europe), France and Japan. Frequencies in the table are specified in MHz.

    Channel ID    FCC     ETSI    France  Japan

    1 Ta 2412 Ta 2412 Ta - Ta -
    2 Ta 2417 Ta 2417 Ta - Ta -
    3 Ta 2422 Ta 2422 Ta - Ta -
    4 Ta 2427 Ta 2427 Ta - Ta -
    5 Ta 2432 Ta 2432 Ta - Ta -
    6 Ta 2437 Ta 2437 Ta - Ta -
    7 Ta 2442 Ta 2442 Ta - Ta -
    8 Ta 2447 Ta 2447 Ta - Ta -
    9 Ta 2452 Ta 2452 Ta - Ta -
    10 Ta 2457 Ta 2457 Ta 2457 Ta -
    11 Ta 2462 Ta 2462 Ta 2462 Ta -
    12 Ta - Ta 2467 Ta 2467 Ta -
    13 Ta - Ta 2472 Ta 2472 Ta -
    14 Ta - Ta - Ta - Ta 2484

    If an illegal channel is specified, the
    NIC will revert to its default channel. For NICs sold in the United States and Europe, the default channel is 3. For NICs sold in France, the default channel is 11. For NICs sold in Japan, the only available channel is 14. Note that two stations must be set to the same channel in order to communicate.

    -i iface -f fragmentation_threshold
    Set the fragmentation threshold in bytes. This threshold controls the point at which outgoing packets will be split into multiple fragments. If a single fragment is not sent successfully, only that fragment will need to be retransmitted instead of the whole packet. The fragmentation threshold can be anything from 64 to 2312 bytes. The default is 2312.
    -i iface -r RTS_threshold
    Set the RTS/CTS threshold for a given interface. This controls the number of bytes used for the RTS/CTS handshake boundary. The RTS_threshold can be any value between 0 and 2312. The default is 2312.
    -i iface -M 0 - 15
    Set monitor mode via bit mask, meaning:

    Bit
    Meaning
    0
    to not dump 802.11 packet.
    1
    to enable 802.11 monitor.
    2
    to monitor any SSID.
    4
    to not skip beacons, monitor beacons produces a high system load.
    8
    to enable full Aironet header returned via BPF. Note it appears that a SSID must be set.

    -h
    Print a list of available options and sample usage.

     

    SECURITY NOTES

    WEP (``wired equivalent privacy'' ) is based on the RC4 algorithm, using a 24 bit initialization vector.

    RC4 is supposedly vulnerable to certain known plaintext attacks, especially with 40 bit keys. So the security of WEP in part depends on how much known plaintext is transmitted.

    Because of this, although counter-intuitive, using ``shared key'' authentication (which involves sending known plaintext) is less secure than using ``open'' authentication when WEP is enabled.

    Devices may alternate among all of the configured WEP keys when transmitting packets. Therefore, all configured keys (up to four) must agree.  

    EXAMPLES

    ancontrol -i an0 -v 0 -k 0x12345678901234567890123456
    ancontrol -i an0 -K 2
    ancontrol -i an0 -W 1
    ancontrol -i an0 -e 0
    

    Sets a WEP key 0, enables ``Shared Key'' authentication, enables full WEP and uses transmit key 0.  

    SEE ALSO

    an(4), ifconfig(8)  

    HISTORY

    The utility first appeared in Fx 4.0 .  

    AUTHORS

    The utility was written by An Bill Paul Aq wpaul@ee.columbia.edu .  

    BUGS

    The statistics counters do not seem to show the amount of transmit and received frames as increasing. This is likely due to the fact that the an(4) driver uses unmodified packet mode instead of letting the NIC perform 802.11/ethernet encapsulation itself.

    Setting the channel does not seem to have any effect.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    SECURITY NOTES
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    AUTHORS
    BUGS


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