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vmstat (8)
  • vmstat (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • vmstat (8) ( FreeBSD man: Команды системного администрирования )
  • >> vmstat (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )
  •  

    NAME

    vmstat - Report virtual memory statistics
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    vmstat [-a] [-n] [delay [ count]]
    vmstat [-f] [-s] [-m]
    vmstat [-S unit]
    vmstat [-d]
    vmstat [-p disk partition]
    vmstat [-V]  

    DESCRIPTION

    vmstat reports information about processes, memory, paging, block IO, traps, and cpu activity.

    The first report produced gives averages since the last reboot. Additional reports give information on a sampling period of length delay. The process and memory reports are instantaneous in either case.

     

    Options

    The -a switch displays active/inactive memory, given a 2.5.41 kernel or better.

    The -f switch displays the number of forks since boot. This includes the fork, vfork, and clone system calls, and is equivalent to the total number of tasks created. Each process is represented by one or more tasks, depending on thread usage. This display does not repeat.

    The -m displays slabinfo.

    The -n switch causes the header to be displayed only once rather than periodically.

    The -s switch displays a table of various event counters and memory statistics. This display does not repeat.

    delay is the delay between updates in seconds. If no delay is specified, only one report is printed with the average values since boot.

    count is the number of updates. If no count is specified and delay is defined, count defaults to infinity.

    The -d reports disk statistics (2.5.70 or above required)

    The -p followed by some partition name for detailed statistics (2.5.70 or above required)

    The -S followed by k or K or m or M switches outputs between 1000, 1024, 1000000, or 1048576 bytes

    The -V switch results in displaying version information.

     

    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR VM MODE

     

    Procs

    r: The number of processes waiting for run time.  
    b: The number of processes in uninterruptible sleep.
    

     

    Memory

    swpd: the amount of virtual memory used.
    free: the amount of idle memory.
    buff: the amount of memory used as buffers.
    cache: the amount of memory used as cache.
    inact: the amount of inactive memory. (-a option)
    active: the amount of active memory. (-a option)
    

     

    Swap

    si: Amount of memory swapped in from disk (/s).
    so: Amount of memory swapped to disk (/s).
    

     

    IO

    bi: Blocks received from a block device (blocks/s).
    bo: Blocks sent to a block device (blocks/s).
    

     

    System

    in: The number of interrupts per second, including the clock.
    cs: The number of context switches per second.
    
    These are percentages of total CPU time.
    
    us: Time spent running non-kernel code. (user time, including nice time)
    sy: Time spent running kernel code. (system time)
    id: Time spent idle. Prior to Linux 2.5.41, this includes IO-wait time.
    wa: Time spent waiting for IO. Prior to Linux 2.5.41, included in idle.
    st: Time stolen from a virtual machine. Prior to Linux 2.6.11, unknown.
    
    
    
     

    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK MODE

     

    Reads

    total: Total reads completed successfully 
    merged: grouped reads (resulting in one I/O)
    sectors: Sectors read successfully
    ms: milliseconds spent reading
    

     

    Writes

    total: Total writes completed successfully
    merged: grouped writes (resulting in one I/O)
    sectors: Sectors written successfully
    ms: milliseconds spent writing
    

     

    IO

    cur: I/O in progress
    s: seconds spent for I/O
    

     

    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK PARTITION MODE

    reads: Total number of reads issued to this partition
    read sectors: Total read sectors for partition
    writes : Total number of writes issued to this partition
    requested writes: Total number of write requests made for partition
    
    

     

    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR SLAB MODE

    cache: Cache name
    num: Number of currently active objects
    total: Total number of available objects
    size: Size of each object
    pages: Number of pages with at least one active object
    totpages: Total number of allocated pages
    pslab: Number of pages per slab
    

     

    NOTES

    vmstat does not require special permissions.

    These reports are intended to help identify system bottlenecks. Linux vmstat does not count itself as a running process.

    All linux blocks are currently 1024 bytes. Old kernels may report blocks as 512 bytes, 2048 bytes, or 4096 bytes.

    Since procps 3.1.9, vmstat lets you choose units (k, K, m, M) default is K (1024 bytes) in the default mode

    vmstat uses slabinfo 1.1 FIXME  

    FILES

    /proc/meminfo
    /proc/stat
    /proc/*/stat
    

     

    SEE ALSO

    iostat(1), sar(1), mpstat(1), ps(1), top(1), free(1)

     

    BUGS

    Does not tabulate the block io per device or count the number of system calls.  

    AUTHORS

    Written by Henry Ware <al172@yfn.ysu.edu>. 
    Fabian Fr'ed'erick <ffrederick@users.sourceforge.net> (diskstat, slab, partitions...)
    
    

     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Options
    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR VM MODE
    Procs
    Memory
    Swap
    IO
    System
    CPU
    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK MODE
    Reads
    Writes
    IO
    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK PARTITION MODE
    FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR SLAB MODE
    NOTES
    FILES
    SEE ALSO
    BUGS
    AUTHORS


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