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vi (1)
  • >> vi (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • vi (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • vi (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • vi (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • vi (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • Ключ vi обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.
  •  

    NAME

    vi, view, vedit - screen-oriented (visual) display editor based on ex
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    /usr/bin/vi [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] [-S] 
        [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/bin/view [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] [-S] 
        [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/bin/vedit [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] [-S] 
        [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/xpg4/bin/vi [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] 
        [-S] [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/xpg4/bin/view [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] 
        [-S] [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/xpg4/bin/vedit [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] 
        [-S] [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/xpg6/bin/vi [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] 
        [-S] [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/xpg6/bin/view [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] 
        [-S] [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

    /usr/xpg6/bin/vedit [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]] 
        [-S] [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C] 
        [+command | -c command] filename...
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The vi (visual) utility is a display-oriented text editor based on an underlying line editor ex. It is possible to use the command mode of ex from within vi and to use the command mode of vi from within ex. The visual commands are described on this manual page; how to set options (like automatically numbering lines and automatically starting a new output line when you type carriage return) and all ex line editor commands are described on the ex(1) manual page.

    When using vi, changes you make to the file are reflected in what you see on your terminal screen. The position of the cursor on the screen indicates the position within the file.

    The view invocation is the same as vi except that the readonly flag is set.

    The vedit invocation is intended for beginners. It is the same as vi except that the report flag is set to 1, the showmode and novice flags are set, and magic is turned off. These defaults make it easier to learn how to use vi.  

    OPTIONS

    The following options are supporrted:  

    Invocation Options

    The following invocation options are interpreted by vi (previously documented options are discussed under NOTES):

    - | -s

    Suppresses all interactive user feedback. This is useful when processing editor scripts.

    -C

    Encryption option. Same as the -x option, except that vi simulates the C command of ex. The C command is like the X command of ex, except that all text read in is assumed to have been encrypted.

    -l

    Sets up for editing LISP programs.

    -L

    Lists the name of all files saved as the result of an editor or system crash.

    -r filename

    Edits filename after an editor or system crash. (Recovers the version of filename that was in the buffer when the crash occurred.)

    -R

    Readonly mode. The readonly flag is set, preventing accidental overwriting of the file.

    -S

    This option is used in conjunction with the -t tag option to tell vi that the tags file can not be sorted and that, if the binary search (which relies on a sorted tags file) for tag fails to find it, the much slower linear search should also be done. Since the linear search is slow, users of large tags files should ensure that the tags files are sorted rather than use this flag. Creation of tags files normally produces sorted tags files. See ctags(1) for more information on tags files.

    -t tag

    Edits the file containing tag and position the editor at its definition. It is an error to specify more than one -t option.

    -v

    Starts up in display editing state, using vi. You can achieve the same effect by typing the vi command itself.

    -V

    Verbose. When ex commands are read by means of standard input, the input is echoed to standard error. This can be useful when processing ex commands within shell scripts.

    -wn

    Sets the default window size to n. This is useful when using the editor over a slow speed line.

    -x

    Encryption option. When used, vi simulates the X command of ex and prompts the user for a key. This key is used to encrypt and decrypt text using the algorithm of the crypt command. The X command makes an educated guess to determine whether text read in is encrypted or not. The temporary buffer file is encrypted also, using a transformed version of the key typed in for the -x option. If an empty encryption key is entered (that is, if the return key is pressed right after the prompt), the file is not encrypted. This is a good way to decrypt a file erroneously encrypted with a mistyped encryption key, such as a backspace or undo key.

    -command | -c command

    Begins editing by executing the specified editor command (usually a search or positioning command).

     

    /usr/xpg4/bin/vi and /usr/xpg6/bin/vi

    If both the -t tag and the -c command options are given, the -t tag optionis processed first. That is, the file containing tag is selected by -t and then the command is executed.  

    OPERANDS

    The following operands are supported:

    filename

    A file to be edited.

     

    COMMAND SUMMARY

    The vi command modes are summarized in this section.  

    vi Modes

    Command

    Normal and initial mode. Other modes return to command mode upon completion. ESC (escape) is used to cancel a partial command.

    Input

    Entered by setting any of the following options:

    a A i I o O c C s S R
    

    Arbitrary text can then be entered. Input mode is normally terminated with the ESC character, or, abnormally, with an interrupt.

    Last line

    Reading input for : / ? or !. Terminate by typing a carriage return. An interrupt cancels termination.

     

    Sample Commands

    In the descriptions, CR stands for carriage return and ESC stands for the escape key.

    <-, ->
    down-arrow
    up-arrow

    arrow keys move the cursor

    h j k l

    same as arrow keys

    itextESC

    insert text

    cwnewESC

    change word to new

    easESC

    pluralize word (end of word; append s; escape from input state)

    x

    delete a character

    dw

    delete a word

    dd

    delete a line

    3dd

    delete 3 lines

    u

    undo previous change

    ZZ

    exit vi, saving changes

    :q!CR

    quit, discarding changes

    /textCR

    search for text

    ^U ^D

    scroll up or down

    :cmdCR

    any ex or ed command

     

    Counts Before vi Commands

    Numbers can be typed as a prefix to some commands. They are interpreted in one of these ways:

    line/column number

    z G |

    scroll amount

    ^D ^U

    repeat effect

    most of the rest

     

    Interrupting, Canceling

    ESC

    end insert or incomplete command

    DEL

    (delete or rubout) interrupts

     

    File Manipulation

    ZZ

    if file modified, write and exit; otherwise, exit

    :wCR

    write back changes

    :w!CR

    forced write, if permission originally not valid

    :qCR

    quit

    :q!CR

    quit, discard changes

    :e nameCR

    edit file name

    :e!CR

    reedit, discard changes

    :e + nameCR

    edit, starting at end

    :e +nCR

    edit, starting at line n

    :e #CR

    edit alternate file

    :e! #CR

    edit alternate file, discard changes

    :w nameCR

    write file name

    :w! nameCR

    overwrite file name

    :shCR

    run shell, then return

    :!cmdCR

    run cmd, then return

    :nCR

    edit next file in arglist

    :n argsCR

    specify new arglist

    ^G

    show current file and line

    :ta tagCR

    position cursor to tag

    In general, any ex or ed command (such as substitute or global) can be typed, preceded by a colon and followed by a carriage return.  

    Positioning Within a File

    F

    forward screen

    ^B

    backward screen

    ^D

    scroll down half screen

    ^U

    scroll up half screen

    nG

    go to the beginning of the specified line (end default), where n is a line number

    /pat

    next line matching pat

    ?pat

    previous line matching pat

    n

    repeat last / or ? command

    N

    reverse last / or ? command

    /pat/+n

    nth line after pat

    ?pat?-n

    nth line before pat

    ]]

    next section/function

    [[

    previous section/function

    (

    beginning of sentence

    )

    end of sentence

    {

    beginning of paragraph

    }

    end of paragraph

    %

    find matching ( ) or { }

     

    Adjusting the Screen

    ^L

    clear and redraw window

    ^R

    clear and redraw window if ^L is -> key

    zCR

    redraw screen with current line at top of window

    z-CR

    redraw screen with current line at bottom of window

    z.CR

    redraw screen with current line at center of window

    /pat/z-CR

    move pat line to bottom of window

    zn.CR

    use n-line window

    ^E

    scroll window down one line

    ^Y

    scroll window up one line

     

    Marking and Returning

    ``

    move cursor to previous context

    a'a'

    move cursor to first non-white space in line

    mx

    mark current position with the ASCII lower-case letter x

    `x

    move cursor to mark x

    a'x

    move cursor to first non-white space in line marked by x

     

    Line Positioning

    H

    top line on screen

    L

    last line on screen

    M

    middle line on screen

    +

    next line, at first non-white space character

    -

    previous line, at first non-white space character

    CR

    return, same as +

    down-arrow
    or j

    next line, same column

    up-arrow
    or k

    previous line, same column

     

    Character Positioning

    ^

    first non-white space character

    0

    beginning of line

    $

    end of line

    l or ->

    forward

    h or <-

    backward

    ^H

    same as <- (backspace)

    space

    same as -> (space bar)

    fx

    find next x

    Fx

    find previous x

    tx

    move to character following the next x

    Tx

    move to character following the previous x

    ;

    repeat last f, F, t, or T

    ,

    repeat inverse of last f, F, t, or T

    n|

    move to column n

    %

    find matching ( ) or { }

     

    Words, Sentences, Paragraphs

    w

    forward a word

    b

    back a word

    e

    end of word

    )

    to next sentence

    }

    to next paragraph

    (

    back a sentence

    {

    back a paragraph

    W

    forward a blank-delimited word

    B

    back a blank-delimited word

    E

    end of a blank-delimited word

     

    Corrections During Insert

    ^H

    erase last character (backspace)

    ^W

    erase last word

    erase

    your erase character, same as ^H (backspace)

    kill

    your kill character, erase this line of input

    \

    quotes your erase and kill characters

    ESC

    ends insertion, back to command mode

    Control-C

    interrupt, suspends insert mode

    ^D

    backtab one character; reset left margin of autoindent

    ^^D

    caret (^) followed by control-d (^D); backtab to beginning of line; do not reset left margin of autoindent

    0^D

    backtab to beginning of line; reset left margin of autoindent

    ^V

    quote non-printable character

     

    Insert and Replace

    a

    append after cursor

    A

    append at end of line

    i

    insert before cursor

    I

    insert before first non-blank

    o

    open line below

    O

    open line above

    rx

    replace single character with x

    RtextESC

    replace characters

     

    Operators

    Operators are followed by a cursor motion and affect all text that would have been moved over. For example, since w moves over a word, dw deletes the word that would be moved over. Double the operator, for example dd, to affect whole lines.

    d

    delete

    c

    change

    y

    yank lines to buffer

    <

    left shift

    >

    right shift

    !

    filter through command

     

    Miscellaneous Operations

    C

    change rest of line (c$)

    D

    delete rest of line (d$)

    s

    substitute characters (cl)

    S

    substitute lines (cc)

    J

    join lines

    x

    delete characters (dl)

    X

    delete characters before cursor dh)

    Y

    yank lines (yy)

     

    Yank and Put

    Put inserts the text most recently deleted or yanked; however, if a buffer is named (using the ASCII lower-case letters a - z), the text in that buffer is put instead.

    3yy

    yank 3 lines

    3yl

    yank 3 characters

    p

    put back text after cursor

    P

    put back text before cursor

    "xp

    put from buffer x

    "xy

    yank to buffer x

    "xd

    delete into buffer x

     

    Undo, Redo, Retrieve

    u

    undo last change

    U

    restore current line

    .

    repeat last change

    "dp

    retrieve d'th last delete

     

    USAGE

    See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of vi and view when encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2^31 bytes).  

    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

    See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of vi: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_COLLATE, LC_CTYPE, LC_TIME, LC_MESSAGES, NLSPATH, PATH, SHELL, and TERM.

    COLUMNS

    Override the system-selected horizontal screen size.

    EXINIT

    Determine a list of ex commands that are executed on editor start-up, before reading the first file. The list can contain multiple commands by separating them using a vertical-line (|) character.

    LINES

    Override the system-selected vertical screen size, used as the number of lines in a screenful and the vertical screen size in visual mode.

     

    FILES

    /var/tmp

    default directory where temporary work files are placed; it can be changed using the directory option (see the ex(1) command)

    /usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/*

    compiled terminal description database

    /usr/lib/.COREterm/?/*

    subset of compiled terminal description database

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:  

    /usr/bin/vi, /usr/bin/view, /usr/bin/vedit

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWcsu

    CSI

     

    /usr/xpg4/bin/vi, /usr/xpg4/bin/view, /usr/xpg4/bin/vedit

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWxcu4

    CSI

    Interface Stability

     

    /usr/xpg6/bin/vi, /usr/xpg6/bin/view, /usr/xpg6/bin/vedit

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWxcu6

    CSI

    Interface Stability

     

    SEE ALSO

    Intro(1), ctags(1), ed(1), edit(1), ex(1), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5), standards(5)

    Solaris Advanced User's Guide  

    AUTHOR

    vi and ex were developed by The University of California, Berkeley California, Computer Science Division, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.  

    NOTES

    Two options, although they continue to be supported, have been replaced in the documentation by options that follow the Command Syntax Standard (see Intro(1)). An -r option that is not followed with an option-argument has been replaced by -L and +command has been replaced by -c command.

    The message file too large to recover with -r option, which is seen when a file is loaded, indicates that the file can be edited and saved successfully, but if the editing session is lost, recovery of the file with the -r option is not possible.

    The editing environment defaults to certain configuration options. When an editing session is initiated, vi attempts to read the EXINIT environment variable. If it exists, the editor uses the values defined in EXINIT; otherwise the values set in $HOME/.exrc are used. If $HOME/.exrc does not exist, the default values are used.

    To use a copy of .exrc located in the current directory other than $HOME, set the exrc option in EXINIT or $HOME/.exrc. Options set in EXINIT can be turned off in a local .exrc only if exrc is set in EXINIT or $HOME/.exrc. In order to be used, .exrc in $HOME or the current directory must fulfill these conditions:

    o It must exist.
    o It must be owned by the same userid as the real userid of the process, or the process has appropriate privileges.
    o It is not writable by anyone other than the owner.

    Tampering with entries in /usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/* or /usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/* (for example, changing or removing an entry) can affect programs such as vi that expect the entry to be present and correct. In particular, removing the "dumb" terminal can cause unexpected problems.

    Software tabs using ^T work only immediately after the autoindent.

    Left and right shifts on intelligent terminals do not make use of insert and delete character operations in the terminal.

    Loading an alternate malloc() library using the environment variable LD_PRELOAD can cause problems for /usr/bin/vi.

    The vi utility currently has the following limitations:

    1.
    Lines, including the trailing NEWLINE character, can contain no more than 4096 bytes.

    If a longer line is found, Line too long is displayed in the status line.

    2.
    The editor's temporary work file can be no larger than 128Mb.

    If a larger temporary file is needed, Tmp file too large is displayed in the status line.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    Invocation Options
    /usr/xpg4/bin/vi and /usr/xpg6/bin/vi
    OPERANDS
    COMMAND SUMMARY
    vi Modes
    Sample Commands
    Counts Before vi Commands
    Interrupting, Canceling
    File Manipulation
    Positioning Within a File
    Adjusting the Screen
    Marking and Returning
    Line Positioning
    Character Positioning
    Words, Sentences, Paragraphs
    Corrections During Insert
    Insert and Replace
    Operators
    Miscellaneous Operations
    Yank and Put
    Undo, Redo, Retrieve
    USAGE
    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
    FILES
    ATTRIBUTES
    /usr/bin/vi, /usr/bin/view, /usr/bin/vedit
    /usr/xpg4/bin/vi, /usr/xpg4/bin/view, /usr/xpg4/bin/vedit
    /usr/xpg6/bin/vi, /usr/xpg6/bin/view, /usr/xpg6/bin/vedit
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    NOTES


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