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umask (1)
  • umask (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • umask (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • umask (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • umask (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> umask (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • umask (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • umask (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • umask (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • umask (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • umask (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    umask - get or set the file mode creation mask
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    umask [-S][mask]  

    DESCRIPTION

    The umask utility shall set the file mode creation mask of the current shell execution environment (see Shell Execution Environment ) to the value specified by the mask operand. This mask shall affect the initial value of the file permission bits of subsequently created files. If umask is called in a subshell or separate utility execution environment, such as one of the following:

    
    (umask 002)
    nohup umask ...
    find . -exec umask ... \;
    
    

    it shall not affect the file mode creation mask of the caller's environment.

    If the mask operand is not specified, the umask utility shall write to standard output the value of the invoking process' file mode creation mask.  

    OPTIONS

    The umask utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines.

    The following option shall be supported:

    -S
    Produce symbolic output.

    The default output style is unspecified, but shall be recognized on a subsequent invocation of umask on the same system as a mask operand to restore the previous file mode creation mask.  

    OPERANDS

    The following operand shall be supported:

    mask
    A string specifying the new file mode creation mask. The string is treated in the same way as the mode operand described in the EXTENDED DESCRIPTION section for chmod.

    For a symbolic_mode value, the new value of the file mode creation mask shall be the logical complement of the file permission bits portion of the file mode specified by the symbolic_mode string.

    In a symbolic_mode value, the permissions op characters '+' and '-' shall be interpreted relative to the current file mode creation mask; '+' shall cause the bits for the indicated permissions to be cleared in the mask; '-' shall cause the bits for the indicated permissions to be set in the mask.

    The interpretation of mode values that specify file mode bits other than the file permission bits is unspecified.

    In the octal integer form of mode, the specified bits are set in the file mode creation mask.

    The file mode creation mask shall be set to the resulting numeric value.

    The default output of a prior invocation of umask on the same system with no operand also shall be recognized as a mask operand.

     

    STDIN

    Not used.  

    INPUT FILES

    None.  

    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

    The following environment variables shall affect the execution of umask:

    LANG
    Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)
    LC_ALL
    If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
    LC_CTYPE
    Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).
    LC_MESSAGES
    Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
    NLSPATH
    Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES .

     

    ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS

    Default.  

    STDOUT

    When the mask operand is not specified, the umask utility shall write a message to standard output that can later be used as a umask mask operand.

    If -S is specified, the message shall be in the following format:

    
    "u=%s,g=%s,o=%s\n", <owner permissions>, <group permissions>,
        <other permissions>
    
    

    where the three values shall be combinations of letters from the set { r, w, x}; the presence of a letter shall indicate that the corresponding bit is clear in the file mode creation mask.

    If a mask operand is specified, there shall be no output written to standard output.  

    STDERR

    The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.  

    OUTPUT FILES

    None.  

    EXTENDED DESCRIPTION

    None.  

    EXIT STATUS

    The following exit values shall be returned:

     0
    The file mode creation mask was successfully changed, or no mask operand was supplied.
    >0
    An error occurred.

     

    CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS

    Default.

    The following sections are informative.  

    APPLICATION USAGE

    Since umask affects the current shell execution environment, it is generally provided as a shell regular built-in.

    In contrast to the negative permission logic provided by the file mode creation mask and the octal number form of the mask argument, the symbolic form of the mask argument specifies those permissions that are left alone.  

    EXAMPLES

    Either of the commands:

    
    umask a=rx,ug+w
    
    
    umask 002
    
    

    sets the mode mask so that subsequently created files have their S_IWOTH bit cleared.

    After setting the mode mask with either of the above commands, the umask command can be used to write out the current value of the mode mask:

    
    $ umask
    0002
    

    (The output format is unspecified, but historical implementations use the octal integer mode format.)

    
    $ umask -S
    u=rwx,g=rwx,o=rx
    

    Either of these outputs can be used as the mask operand to a subsequent invocation of the umask utility.

    Assuming the mode mask is set as above, the command:

    
    umask g-w
    
    

    sets the mode mask so that subsequently created files have their S_IWGRP and S_IWOTH bits cleared.

    The command:

    
    umask -- -w
    
    

    sets the mode mask so that subsequently created files have all their write bits cleared. Note that mask operands -r, -w, -x or anything beginning with a hyphen, must be preceded by "--" to keep it from being interpreted as an option.  

    RATIONALE

    Since umask affects the current shell execution environment, it is generally provided as a shell regular built-in. If it is called in a subshell or separate utility execution environment, such as one of the following:

    
    (umask 002)
    nohup umask ...
    find . -exec umask ... \;
    
    

    it does not affect the file mode creation mask of the environment of the caller.

    The description of the historical utility was modified to allow it to use the symbolic modes of chmod. The -s option used in early proposals was changed to -S because -s could be confused with a symbolic_mode form of mask referring to the S_ISUID and S_ISGID bits.

    The default output style is implementation-defined to permit implementors to provide migration to the new symbolic style at the time most appropriate to their users. A -o flag to force octal mode output was omitted because the octal mode may not be sufficient to specify all of the information that may be present in the file mode creation mask when more secure file access permission checks are implemented.

    It has been suggested that trusted systems developers might appreciate ameliorating the requirement that the mode mask "affects" the file access permissions, since it seems access control lists might replace the mode mask to some degree. The wording has been changed to say that it affects the file permission bits, and it leaves the details of the behavior of how they affect the file access permissions to the description in the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001.  

    FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    None.  

    SEE ALSO

    Shell Command Language , chmod , the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, umask()  

    COPYRIGHT

    Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    OPERANDS
    STDIN
    INPUT FILES
    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
    ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS
    STDOUT
    STDERR
    OUTPUT FILES
    EXTENDED DESCRIPTION
    EXIT STATUS
    CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
    APPLICATION USAGE
    EXAMPLES
    RATIONALE
    FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT


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