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>> uart (4) ( FreeBSD man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
- driver for Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) devices
device is potential system console
use this port for remote kernel debugging
set RX FIFO trigger level to ``low'' (NS8250 only)
set RX FIFO trigger level to ``medium low'' (NS8250 only)
set RX FIFO trigger level to ``medium high'' (default, NS8250 only)
set RX FIFO trigger level to ``high'' (NS8250 only)
device driver provides support for various classes of UARTs implementing the
EIA RS-232C (CCITT V.24) serial communications interface.
Each such interface is controlled by a separate and independent instance of
The primary support for devices that contain multiple serial interfaces or
that contain other functionality besides one or more serial interfaces is
provided by the
However, the serial interfaces of those devices that are managed by the
driver are each independently controlled by the
As such, the
driver provides umbrella functionality for the
driver and hides the complexities that are inherent when elementary components
are packaged together.
driver has a modular design to allow it to be used on differing hardware and
for various purposes.
In the following sections the components are discussed in detail.
Options are described in the section that covers the component to which each
At the heart of the
driver is the core component.
It contains the bus attachments and the low-level interrupt handler.
The core component and the kernel interfaces talk to the hardware through the
This interface serves as an abstraction of the hardware and allows varying
UARTs to be used for serial communications.
System devices are UARTs that have a special purpose by way of hardware
design or software setup.
For example, Sun UltraSparc machines use UARTs as their keyboard interface.
Such an UART cannot be used for general purpose communications.
Likewise, when the kernel is configured for a serial console, the
corresponding UART will in turn be a system device so that the kernel can
output boot messages early on in the boot process.
The last but not least of the components is the kernel interface.
This component ultimately determines how the UART is made visible to the
kernel in particular and to users in general.
The default kernel interface is the TTY interface.
This allows the UART to be used for terminals, modems and serial line IP
System devices, with the notable exception of serial consoles, generally
have specialized kernel interfaces.
driver supports the following classes of UARTs:
NS8250: standard hardware based on the 8250, 16450, 16550, 16650, 16750 or
the 16950 UARTs.
SCC: serial communications controllers supported by the
for callin ports
corresponding callin initial-state and lock-state devices
for callout ports
corresponding callout initial-state and lock-state devices
device driver first appeared in
Fx 5.2 .
device driver and this manual page were written by
An Marcel Moolenaar Aq firstname.lastname@example.org
- CORE COMPONENT
- HARDWARE DRIVERS
- SYSTEM DEVICES
- KERNEL INTERFACES
- SEE ALSO