The OpenNET Project / Index page

[ новости /+++ | форум | wiki | теги | ]

Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

 ТемаНаборКатегория 
 
 [Cписок руководств | Печать]

su (1)
  • >> su (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • su (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • su (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • su (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • su (7) ( Solaris man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • su (8) ( Русские man: Команды системного администрирования )
  •  

    NAME

    su - become superuser or another user
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    su [-] [username [arg...]]
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The su command allows one to become another user without logging off or to assume a role. The default user name is root (superuser).

    To use su, the appropriate password must be supplied (unless the invoker is already root). If the password is correct, su creates a new shell process that has the real and effective user ID, group IDs, and supplementary group list set to those of the specified username. Additionally, the new shell's project ID is set to the default project ID of the specified user. See getdefaultproj(3PROJECT), setproject(3PROJECT). The new shell will be the shell specified in the shell field of username's password file entry (see passwd(4)). If no shell is specified, /usr/bin/sh is used (see sh(1)). If superuser privilege is requested and the shell for the superuser cannot be invoked using exec(2), /sbin/sh is used as a fallback. To return to normal user ID privileges, type an EOF character (CTRL-D) to exit the new shell.

    Any additional arguments given on the command line are passed to the new shell. When using programs such as sh, an arg of the form -c string executes string using the shell and an arg of -r gives the user a restricted shell.

    To create a login environment, the command "su -" does the following:

    o In addition to what is already propagated, the LC* and LANG environment variables from the specified user's environment are also propagated.
    o Propagate TZ from the user's environment. If TZ is not found in the user's environment, su uses the TZ value from the TIMEZONE parameter found in /etc/default/login.
    o Set MAIL to /var/mail/new_user.

    If the first argument to su is a dash (-), the environment will be changed to what would be expected if the user actually logged in as the specified user. Otherwise, the environment is passed along, with the exception of $PATH, which is controlled by PATH and SUPATH in /etc/default/su.

    All attempts to become another user using su are logged in the log file /var/adm/sulog (see sulog(4)).  

    SECURITY

    su uses pam(3PAM) with the service name su for authentication, account management, and credential establishment.  

    EXAMPLES

    Example 1 Becoming User bin While Retaining Your Previously Exported Environment

    To become user bin while retaining your previously exported environment, execute:

    example% su bin
    

    Example 2 Becoming User bin and Changing to bin's Login Environment

    To become user bin but change the environment to what would be expected if bin had originally logged in, execute:

    example% su - bin
    

    Example 3 Executing command with user bin's Environment and Permissions

    To execute command with the temporary environment and permissions of user bin, type:

    example% su - bin -c "command args"
    

     

    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

    Variables with LD_ prefix are removed for security reasons. Thus, su bin will not retain previously exported variables with LD_ prefix while becoming user bin.

    If any of the LC_* variables ( LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_NUMERIC, and LC_MONETARY) (see environ(5)) are not set in the environment, the operational behavior of su for each corresponding locale category is determined by the value of the LANG environment variable. If LC_ALL is set, its contents are used to override both the LANG and the other LC_* variables. If none of the above variables are set in the environment, the "C" (U.S. style) locale determines how su behaves.

    LC_CTYPE

    Determines how su handles characters. When LC_CTYPE is set to a valid value, su can display and handle text and filenames containing valid characters for that locale. su can display and handle Extended Unix Code (EUC) characters where any individual character can be 1, 2, or 3 bytes wide. su can also handle EUC characters of 1, 2, or more column widths. In the "C" locale, only characters from ISO 8859-1 are valid.

    LC_MESSAGES

    Determines how diagnostic and informative messages are presented. This includes the language and style of the messages, and the correct form of affirmative and negative responses. In the "C" locale, the messages are presented in the default form found in the program itself (in most cases, U.S. English).

     

    FILES

    $HOME/.profile

    user's login commands for sh and ksh

    /etc/passwd

    system's password file

    /etc/profile

    system-wide sh and ksh login commands

    /var/adm/sulog

    log file

    /etc/default/su

    the default parameters in this file are:

    SULOG

    If defined, all attempts to su to another user are logged in the indicated file.

    CONSOLE

    If defined, all attempts to su to root are logged on the console.

    PATH

    Default path. (/usr/bin:)

    SUPATH

    Default path for a user invoking su to root. (/usr/sbin:/usr/bin)

    SYSLOG

    Determines whether the syslog(3C) LOG_AUTH facility should be used to log all su attempts. LOG_NOTICE messages are generated for su's to root, LOG_INFO messages are generated for su's to other users, and LOG_CRIT messages are generated for failed su attempts.

    /etc/default/login

    the default parameters in this file are:

    TIMEZONE

    Sets the TZ environment variable of the shell.

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWcsu

     

    SEE ALSO

    csh(1), env(1), ksh(1), login(1), roles(1), sh(1), syslogd(1M), exec(2), getdefaultproj(3PROJECT), setproject(3PROJECT), pam(3PAM), pam_authenticate(3PAM), pam_acct_mgmt(3PAM), pam_setcred(3PAM), pam.conf(4), passwd(4), profile(4), sulog(4), syslog(3C), attributes(5), environ(5)


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SECURITY
    EXAMPLES
    ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
    FILES
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO


    Поиск по тексту MAN-ов: 




    Спонсоры:
    Inferno Solutions
    Hosting by Hoster.ru
    Хостинг:

    Закладки на сайте
    Проследить за страницей
    Created 1996-2020 by Maxim Chirkov
    Добавить, Поддержать, Вебмастеру