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strxfrm (3)
  • strxfrm (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • strxfrm (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • strxfrm (3) ( Русские man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • strxfrm (3) ( Linux man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • >> strxfrm (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    strxfrm - string transformation
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <string.h>

    size_t strxfrm(char *restrict s1, const char *restrict s2, size_t n);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 defers to the ISO C standard.

    The strxfrm() function shall transform the string pointed to by s2 and place the resulting string into the array pointed to by s1. The transformation is such that if strcmp() is applied to two transformed strings, it shall return a value greater than, equal to, or less than 0, corresponding to the result of strcoll() applied to the same two original strings. No more than n bytes are placed into the resulting array pointed to by s1, including the terminating null byte. If n is 0, s1 is permitted to be a null pointer. If copying takes place between objects that overlap, the behavior is undefined.

    The strxfrm() function shall not change the setting of errno if successful.

    Since no return value is reserved to indicate an error, an application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to 0, then call strxfrm(), then check errno.  

    RETURN VALUE

    Upon successful completion, strxfrm() shall return the length of the transformed string (not including the terminating null byte). If the value returned is n or more, the contents of the array pointed to by s1 are unspecified.

    On error, strxfrm() may set errno but no return value is reserved to indicate an error.  

    ERRORS

    The strxfrm() function may fail if:

    EINVAL
    The string pointed to by the s2 argument contains characters outside the domain of the collating sequence.

    The following sections are informative.  

    EXAMPLES

    None.  

    APPLICATION USAGE

    The transformation function is such that two transformed strings can be ordered by strcmp() as appropriate to collating sequence information in the program's locale (category LC_COLLATE ).

    The fact that when n is 0 s1 is permitted to be a null pointer is useful to determine the size of the s1 array prior to making the transformation.  

    RATIONALE

    None.  

    FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    None.  

    SEE ALSO

    strcmp() , strcoll() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <string.h>  

    COPYRIGHT

    Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUE
    ERRORS
    EXAMPLES
    APPLICATION USAGE
    RATIONALE
    FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT


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