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strcmp (3)
  • strcmp (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • strcmp (3) ( Русские man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • strcmp (3) ( Linux man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • >> strcmp (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • strcmp (9) ( Solaris man: Ядро )
  •  

    NAME

    strcmp - compare two strings
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <string.h>

    int strcmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 defers to the ISO C standard.

    The strcmp() function shall compare the string pointed to by s1 to the string pointed to by s2.

    The sign of a non-zero return value shall be determined by the sign of the difference between the values of the first pair of bytes (both interpreted as type unsigned char) that differ in the strings being compared.  

    RETURN VALUE

    Upon completion, strcmp() shall return an integer greater than, equal to, or less than 0, if the string pointed to by s1 is greater than, equal to, or less than the string pointed to by s2, respectively.  

    ERRORS

    No errors are defined.

    The following sections are informative.  

    EXAMPLES

     

    Checking a Password Entry

    The following example compares the information read from standard input to the value of the name of the user entry. If the strcmp() function returns 0 (indicating a match), a further check will be made to see if the user entered the proper old password. The crypt() function shall encrypt the old password entered by the user, using the value of the encrypted password in the passwd structure as the salt. If this value matches the value of the encrypted passwd in the structure, the entered password oldpasswd is the correct user's password. Finally, the program encrypts the new password so that it can store the information in the passwd structure.

    
    #include <string.h>
    #include <unistd.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    ...
    int valid_change;
    struct passwd *p;
    char user[100];
    char oldpasswd[100];
    char newpasswd[100];
    char savepasswd[100];
    ...
    if (strcmp(p->pw_name, user) == 0) {
        if (strcmp(p->pw_passwd, crypt(oldpasswd, p->pw_passwd)) == 0) {
            strcpy(savepasswd, crypt(newpasswd, user));
            p->pw_passwd = savepasswd;
            valid_change = 1;
        }
        else {
            fprintf(stderr, "Old password is not valid\n");
        }
    }
    ...
    
    
     

    APPLICATION USAGE

    None.  

    RATIONALE

    None.  

    FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    None.  

    SEE ALSO

    strncmp() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <string.h>  

    COPYRIGHT

    Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUE
    ERRORS
    EXAMPLES
    Checking a Password Entry
    APPLICATION USAGE
    RATIONALE
    FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT


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