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sftp (1)
  • sftp (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • sftp (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • sftp (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> sftp (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    sftp
    
     - secure file transfer program
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    sftp -words [-1Cv [-B buffer_size ] ] [-b batchfile ] [-F ssh_config ] [-o ssh_option ] [-P sftp_server_path ] [-R num_requests ] [-S program ] [-s subsystem | sftp_server ] host
    sftp [[user @ host [: file [file ] ] ] ]
    sftp [[user @ host [: dir [/ ] ] ] ]
    sftp -b batchfile [user @ host ]  

    DESCRIPTION

    sftp is an interactive file transfer program, similar to ftp(1), which performs all operations over an encrypted ssh(1) transport. It may also use many features of ssh, such as public key authentication and compression. sftp connects and logs into the specified host then enters an interactive command mode.

    The second usage format will retrieve files automatically if a non-interactive authentication method is used; otherwise it will do so after successful interactive authentication.

    The third usage format allows sftp to start in a remote directory.

    The final usage format allows for automated sessions using the -b option. In such cases, it is necessary to configure non-interactive authentication to obviate the need to enter a password at connection time (see sshd(8) and ssh-keygen1 for details). The options are as follows:

    -1
    Specify the use of protocol version 1.
    -B buffer_size
    Specify the size of the buffer that sftp uses when transferring files. Larger buffers require fewer round trips at the cost of higher memory consumption. The default is 32768 bytes.
    -b batchfile
    Batch mode reads a series of commands from an input batchfile instead of stdin Since it lacks user interaction it should be used in conjunction with non-interactive authentication. A batchfile of `-' may be used to indicate standard input. sftp will abort if any of the following commands fail: get , put , rename , ln rm , mkdir , chdir , ls lchdir , chmod , chown , chgrp , lpwd and lmkdir Termination on error can be suppressed on a command by command basis by prefixing the command with a `-' character (for example, -rm /tmp/blah* )
    -C
    Enables compression (via ssh's -C flag).
    -F ssh_config
    Specifies an alternative per-user configuration file for ssh(1). This option is directly passed to ssh(1).
    -o ssh_option
    Can be used to pass options to ssh in the format used in ssh_config5. This is useful for specifying options for which there is no separate sftp command-line flag. For example, to specify an alternate port use: sftp -oPort=24 For full details of the options listed below, and their possible values, see ssh_config5.

    AddressFamily
    BatchMode
    BindAddress
    ChallengeResponseAuthentication
    CheckHostIP
    Cipher
    Ciphers
    Compression
    CompressionLevel
    ConnectionAttempts
    ConnectTimeout
    ControlMaster
    ControlPath
    GlobalKnownHostsFile
    GSSAPIAuthentication
    GSSAPIDelegateCredentials
    HashKnownHosts
    Host
    HostbasedAuthentication
    HostKeyAlgorithms
    HostKeyAlias
    HostName
    IdentityFile
    IdentitiesOnly
    KbdInteractiveDevices
    LogLevel
    MACs
    NoHostAuthenticationForLocalhost
    NumberOfPasswordPrompts
    PasswordAuthentication
    Port
    PreferredAuthentications
    Protocol
    ProxyCommand
    PubkeyAuthentication
    RekeyLimit
    RhostsRSAAuthentication
    RSAAuthentication
    SendEnv
    ServerAliveInterval
    ServerAliveCountMax
    SmartcardDevice
    StrictHostKeyChecking
    TCPKeepAlive
    UsePrivilegedPort
    User
    UserKnownHostsFile
    VerifyHostKeyDNS

    -P sftp_server_path
    Connect directly to a local sftp server (rather than via ssh(1)). This option may be useful in debugging the client and server.
    -R num_requests
    Specify how many requests may be outstanding at any one time. Increasing this may slightly improve file transfer speed but will increase memory usage. The default is 16 outstanding requests.
    -S program
    Name of the program to use for the encrypted connection. The program must understand ssh(1) options.
    -s subsystem | sftp_server
    Specifies the SSH2 subsystem or the path for an sftp server on the remote host. A path is useful for using sftp over protocol version 1, or when the remote sshd(8) does not have an sftp subsystem configured.
    -v
    Raise logging level. This option is also passed to ssh.

     

    INTERACTIVE COMMANDS

    Once in interactive mode, sftp understands a set of commands similar to those of ftp(1). Commands are case insensitive. Pathnames that contain spaces must be enclosed in quotes. Any special characters contained within pathnames that are recognized by glob(3) must be escaped with backslashes (`\' )

    bye
    Quit sftp
    cd path
    Change remote directory to path
    chgrp grp path
    Change group of file path to grp path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files. grp must be a numeric GID.
    chmod mode path
    Change permissions of file path to mode path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files.
    chown own path
    Change owner of file path to own path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files. own must be a numeric UID.
    exit
    Quit sftp
    get [-P ] remote-path [local-path ]
    Retrieve the remote-path and store it on the local machine. If the local path name is not specified, it is given the same name it has on the remote machine. remote-path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files. If it does and local-path is specified, then local-path must specify a directory. If the -P flag is specified, then full file permissions and access times are copied too.
    help
    Display help text.
    lcd path
    Change local directory to path
    lls [ls-options [path ] ]
    Display local directory listing of either path or current directory if path is not specified. ls-options may contain any flags supported by the local system's ls(1) command. path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files.
    lmkdir path
    Create local directory specified by path
    ln oldpath newpath
    Create a symbolic link from oldpath to newpath
    lpwd
    Print local working directory.
    ls [-1aflnrSt [path ] ]
    Display a remote directory listing of either path or the current directory if path is not specified. path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files.

    The following flags are recognized and alter the behaviour of ls accordingly:

    -1
    Produce single columnar output.
    -a
    List files beginning with a dot (`.' )
    -f
    Do not sort the listing. The default sort order is lexicographical.
    -l
    Display additional details including permissions and ownership information.
    -n
    Produce a long listing with user and group information presented numerically.
    -r
    Reverse the sort order of the listing.
    -S
    Sort the listing by file size.
    -t
    Sort the listing by last modification time.

    lumask umask
    Set local umask to umask
    mkdir path
    Create remote directory specified by path
    progress
    Toggle display of progress meter.
    put [-P ] local-path [remote-path ]
    Upload local-path and store it on the remote machine. If the remote path name is not specified, it is given the same name it has on the local machine. local-path may contain glob(3) characters and may match multiple files. If it does and remote-path is specified, then remote-path must specify a directory. If the -P flag is specified, then the file's full permission and access time are copied too.
    pwd
    Display remote working directory.
    quit
    Quit sftp
    rename oldpath newpath
    Rename remote file from oldpath to newpath
    rm path
    Delete remote file specified by path
    rmdir path
    Remove remote directory specified by path
    symlink oldpath newpath
    Create a symbolic link from oldpath to newpath
    version
    Display the sftp protocol version.
    ! command
    Execute command in local shell.
    !
    Escape to local shell.
    ?
    Synonym for help.

     

    SEE ALSO

    ftp(1), ls(1), scp(1), ssh(1), ssh-add1, ssh-keygen1, glob(3), ssh_config5, sftp-server8, sshd(8)
    T. Ylonen S. Lehtinen "SSH File Transfer Protocol" draft-ietf-secsh-filexfer-00.txt January 2001 work in progress material


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    INTERACTIVE COMMANDS
    SEE ALSO


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