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resolver (3)
  • resolver (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • >> resolver (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • resolver (3) ( Русские man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • resolver (3) ( Linux man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • resolver (5) ( FreeBSD man: Форматы файлов )
  • resolver (5) ( Русские man: Форматы файлов )
  • resolver (5) ( Linux man: Форматы файлов )
  • Ключ resolver обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.

  • BSD mandoc


     - resolver routines


    Lb libc


       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <netinet/in.h>
       #include <arpa/nameser.h>
       #include <resolv.h>
    int Fo res_query Fa const char *dname Fa int class Fa int type Fa u_char *answer Fa int anslen Fc Ft int Fo res_search Fa const char *dname Fa int class Fa int type Fa u_char *answer Fa int anslen Fc Ft int Fo res_mkquery Fa int op Fa const char *dname Fa int class Fa int type Fa const u_char *data Fa int datalen Fa const u_char *newrr_in Fa u_char *buf Fa int buflen Fc Ft int Fo res_send Fa const u_char *msg Fa int msglen Fa u_char *answer Fa int anslen Fc Ft int res_init (void);
    int Fo dn_comp Fa const char *exp_dn Fa u_char *comp_dn Fa int length Fa u_char **dnptrs Fa u_char **lastdnptr Fc Ft int Fo dn_expand Fa const u_char *msg Fa const u_char *eomorig Fa const u_char *comp_dn Fa char *exp_dn Fa int length Fc Ft int dn_skipname (const u_char *comp_dn const u_char *eom);
    u_int ns_get16 (const u_char *src);
    u_long ns_get32 (const u_char *src);
    void ns_put16 (u_int src u_char *dst);
    void ns_put32 (u_long src u_char *dst);


    These routines are used for making, sending and interpreting query and reply messages with Internet domain name servers.

    Global configuration and state information that is used by the resolver routines is kept in the structure _res Most of the values have reasonable defaults and can be ignored. Options stored in _res.options are defined in    #include <resolv.h>
    and are as follows. Options are stored as a simple bit mask containing the bitwise ``or'' of the options enabled.

    True if the initial name server address and default domain name are initialized (i.e., res_init ();
    has been called).
    Print debugging messages.
    Accept authoritative answers only. With this option, res_send ();
    should continue until it finds an authoritative answer or finds an error. Currently this is not implemented.
    Use TCP connections for queries instead of UDP datagrams.
    Used with RES_USEVC to keep the TCP connection open between queries. This is useful only in programs that regularly do many queries. UDP should be the normal mode used.
    Unused currently (ignore truncation errors, i.e., do not retry with TCP )
    Set the recursion-desired bit in queries. This is the default. ( Fn res_send does not do iterative queries and expects the name server to handle recursion.)
    If set, res_search ();
    will append the default domain name to single-component names (those that do not contain a dot). This option is enabled by default.
    If this option is set, res_search ();
    will search for host names in the current domain and in parent domains; see hostname(7). This is used by the standard host lookup routine gethostbyname(3). This option is enabled by default.
    This option turns off the user level aliasing feature controlled by the ``HOSTALIASES '' environment variable. Network daemons should set this option.
    Enables support for IPv6-only applications. This causes IPv4 addresses to be returned as an IPv4 mapped address. For example, will be returned as ::ffff: The option is meaningful with certain kernel configuration only.
    Enables support for OPT pseudo-RR for EDNS0 extension. With the option, resolver code will attach OPT pseudo-RR into DNS queries, to inform of our receive buffer size. The option will allow DNS servers to take advantage of non-default receive buffer size, and to send larger replies. DNS query packets with EDNS0 extension is not compatible with non-EDNS0 DNS servers.

    The res_init ();
    routine reads the configuration file (if any; see resolver(5)) to get the default domain name, search list and the Internet address of the local name server(s). If no server is configured, the host running the resolver is tried. The current domain name is defined by the hostname if not specified in the configuration file; it can be overridden by the environment variable LOCALDOMAIN This environment variable may contain several blank-separated tokens if you wish to override the search list on a per-process basis. This is similar to the search command in the configuration file. Another environment variable ``RES_OPTIONS '' can be set to override certain internal resolver options which are otherwise set by changing fields in the _res structure or are inherited from the configuration file's options command. The syntax of the ``RES_OPTIONS '' environment variable is explained in resolver(5). Initialization normally occurs on the first call to one of the following routines.

    The res_query ();
    function provides an interface to the server query mechanism. It constructs a query, sends it to the local server, awaits a response, and makes preliminary checks on the reply. The query requests information of the specified Fa type and Fa class for the specified fully-qualified domain name Fa dname . The reply message is left in the Fa answer buffer with length Fa anslen supplied by the caller.

    The res_search ();
    routine makes a query and awaits a response like res_query (,);
    but in addition, it implements the default and search rules controlled by the RES_DEFNAMES and RES_DNSRCH options. It returns the first successful reply.

    The remaining routines are lower-level routines used by res_query (.);
    The res_mkquery ();
    function constructs a standard query message and places it in Fa buf . It returns the size of the query, or -1 if the query is larger than Fa buflen . The query type Fa op is usually QUERY but can be any of the query types defined in In arpa/nameser.h . The domain name for the query is given by Fa dname . The Fa newrr_in argument is currently unused but is intended for making update messages.

    The res_send ();
    routine sends a pre-formatted query and returns an answer. It will call res_init ();
    if RES_INIT is not set, send the query to the local name server, and handle timeouts and retries. The length of the reply message is returned, or -1 if there were errors.

    The dn_comp ();
    function compresses the domain name Fa exp_dn and stores it in Fa comp_dn . The size of the compressed name is returned or -1 if there were errors. The size of the array pointed to by Fa comp_dn is given by Fa length . The compression uses an array of pointers Fa dnptrs to previously-compressed names in the current message. The first pointer points to the beginning of the message and the list ends with NULL The limit to the array is specified by Fa lastdnptr . A side effect of dn_comp ();
    is to update the list of pointers for labels inserted into the message as the name is compressed. If Fa dnptr is NULL names are not compressed. If Fa lastdnptr is NULL the list of labels is not updated.

    The dn_expand ();
    entry expands the compressed domain name Fa comp_dn to a full domain name The compressed name is contained in a query or reply message; Fa msg is a pointer to the beginning of the message. The uncompressed name is placed in the buffer indicated by Fa exp_dn which is of size Fa length . The size of compressed name is returned or -1 if there was an error.

    The dn_skipname ();
    function skips over a compressed domain name, which starts at a location pointed to by Fa comp_dn . The compressed name is contained in a query or reply message; Fa eom is a pointer to the end of the message. The size of compressed name is returned or -1 if there was an error.

    The ns_get16 ();
    function gets a 16-bit quantity from a buffer pointed to by Fa src .

    The ns_get32 ();
    function gets a 32-bit quantity from a buffer pointed to by Fa src .

    The ns_put16 ();
    function puts a 16-bit quantity Fa src to a buffer pointed to by Fa dst .

    The ns_put32 ();
    function puts a 32-bit quantity Fa src to a buffer pointed to by Fa dst .  


    This implementation of the resolver is thread-safe, but it will not function properly if the programmer attempts to declare his or her own _res structure in an attempt to replace the per-thread version referred to by that macro.  


    The res_init ();
    function will return 0 on success, or -1 in a threaded program if per-thread storage could not be allocated.

    The res_mkquery (,);
    res_search (,);
    and res_query ();
    functions return the size of the response on success, or -1 if an error occurs. The integer Vt h_errno may be checked to determine the reason for error. See gethostbyname(3) for more information.  


    The configuration file, see resolver(5).



    gethostbyname(3), resolver(5), hostname(7), named(8)

    RFC1032 , RFC1033 , RFC1034 , RFC1035 , RFC974

    "Name Server Operations Guide for BIND"


    The function appeared in BSD 4.3




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