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Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

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readdir (3)
  • readdir (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • readdir (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • readdir (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • >> readdir (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • readdir (3) ( Русские man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • readdir (3) ( Linux man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • readdir (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    opendir
    
     
    readdir
    
     
    readdir_r
    
     
    telldir
    
     
    seekdir
    
     
    rewinddir
    
     
    closedir
    
     
    dirfd
    
     - directory operations
    
     
    

    LIBRARY

    Lb libc
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <dirent.h>
    DIR * opendir (const char *filename);
    struct dirent * readdir (DIR *dirp);
    int readdir_r (DIR *dirp struct dirent *entry struct dirent **result);
    long telldir (DIR *dirp);
    void seekdir (DIR *dirp long loc);
    void rewinddir (DIR *dirp);
    int closedir (DIR *dirp);
    int dirfd (DIR *dirp);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The opendir ();
    function opens the directory named by Fa filename , associates a directory stream with it and returns a pointer to be used to identify the directory stream in subsequent operations. The pointer NULL is returned if Fa filename cannot be accessed, or if it cannot malloc(3) enough memory to hold the whole thing.

    The readdir ();
    function returns a pointer to the next directory entry. It returns NULL upon reaching the end of the directory or detecting an invalid seekdir ();
    operation.

    The readdir_r ();
    function provides the same functionality as readdir (,);
    but the caller must provide a directory Fa entry buffer to store the results in. If the read succeeds, Fa result is pointed at the Fa entry ; upon reaching the end of the directory Fa result is set to NULL The readdir_r ();
    function returns 0 on success or an error number to indicate failure.

    The telldir ();
    function returns the current location associated with the named directory stream Values returned by telldir ();
    are good only for the lifetime of the DIR pointer, Fa dirp , from which they are derived. If the directory is closed and then reopened, prior values returned by telldir ();
    will no longer be valid.

    The seekdir ();
    function sets the position of the next readdir ();
    operation on the directory stream The new position reverts to the one associated with the directory stream when the telldir ();
    operation was performed.

    The rewinddir ();
    function resets the position of the named directory stream to the beginning of the directory.

    The closedir ();
    function closes the named directory stream and frees the structure associated with the Fa dirp pointer, returning 0 on success. On failure, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.

    The dirfd ();
    function returns the integer file descriptor associated with the named directory stream see open(2).

    Sample code which searches a directory for entry ``name'' is:

    len = strlen(name);
    dirp = opendir(".");
    while ((dp = readdir(dirp)) != NULL)
            if (dp->d_namlen == len && !strcmp(dp->d_name, name)) {
                    (void)closedir(dirp);
                    return FOUND;
            }
    (void)closedir(dirp);
    return NOT_FOUND;
    
     

    SEE ALSO

    close(2), lseek(2), open(2), read(2), dir(5)  

    HISTORY

    The opendir (,);
    readdir (,);
    telldir (,);
    seekdir (,);
    rewinddir (,);
    closedir (,);
    and dirfd ();
    functions appeared in BSD 4.2


     

    Index

    NAME
    LIBRARY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY


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