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read (2)
  • read (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • read (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • read (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • read (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • read (2) ( Solaris man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> read (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • read (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • read (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • read (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • read (9) ( Solaris man: Ядро )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    read
    
     
    readv
    
     
    pread
    
     
    preadv
    
     - read input
    
     
    

    LIBRARY

    Lb libc
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/uio.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
    ssize_t read (int d void *buf size_t nbytes);
    ssize_t pread (int d void *buf size_t nbytes off_t offset);
    ssize_t readv (int d const struct iovec *iov int iovcnt);
    ssize_t preadv (int d const struct iovec *iov int iovcnt off_t offset);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The read ();
    system call attempts to read Fa nbytes of data from the object referenced by the descriptor Fa d into the buffer pointed to by Fa buf . The readv ();
    system call performs the same action, but scatters the input data into the Fa iovcnt buffers specified by the members of the Fa iov array: iov[0], iov[1], ..., iov[iovcnt-1]. The pread ();
    and preadv ();
    system calls perform the same functions, but read from the specified position in the file without modifying the file pointer.

    For readv ();
    and preadv (,);
    the Fa iovec structure is defined as:

    struct iovec {
            void   *iov_base;  /* Base address. */
            size_t iov_len;    /* Length. */
    };
    

    Each Fa iovec entry specifies the base address and length of an area in memory where data should be placed. The readv ();
    system call will always fill an area completely before proceeding to the next.

    On objects capable of seeking, the read ();
    starts at a position given by the pointer associated with Fa d (see lseek(2)). Upon return from read (,);
    the pointer is incremented by the number of bytes actually read.

    Objects that are not capable of seeking always read from the current position. The value of the pointer associated with such an object is undefined.

    Upon successful completion, read (,);
    readv (,);
    pread ();
    and preadv ();
    return the number of bytes actually read and placed in the buffer. The system guarantees to read the number of bytes requested if the descriptor references a normal file that has that many bytes left before the end-of-file, but in no other case.  

    RETURN VALUES

    If successful, the number of bytes actually read is returned. Upon reading end-of-file, zero is returned. Otherwise, a -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The read (,);
    readv (,);
    pread ();
    and preadv ();
    system calls will succeed unless:

    Bq Er EBADF
    The Fa d argument is not a valid file or socket descriptor open for reading.
    Bq Er ECONNRESET
    The Fa d argument refers to a socket, and the remote socket end is forcibly closed.
    Bq Er EFAULT
    The Fa buf argument points outside the allocated address space.
    Bq Er EIO
    An I/O error occurred while reading from the file system.
    Bq Er EINTR
    A read from a slow device (i.e. one that might block for an arbitrary amount of time) was interrupted by the delivery of a signal before any data arrived.
    Bq Er EINVAL
    The pointer associated with Fa d was negative.
    Bq Er EAGAIN
    The file was marked for non-blocking I/O, and no data were ready to be read.
    Bq Er EISDIR
    The file descriptor is associated with a directory residing on a file system that does not allow regular read operations on directories (e.g. NFS).
    Bq Er EOPNOTSUPP
    The file descriptor is associated with a file system and file type that do not allow regular read operations on it.
    Bq Er EOVERFLOW
    The file descriptor is associated with a regular file, Fa nbytes is greater than 0, Fa offset is before the end-of-file, and Fa offset is greater than or equal to the offset maximum established for this file system.
    Bq Er EINVAL
    The value Fa nbytes is greater than INT_MAX

    In addition, readv ();
    and preadv ();
    may return one of the following errors:

    Bq Er EINVAL
    The Fa iovcnt argument was less than or equal to 0, or greater than IOV_MAX
    Bq Er EINVAL
    One of the Fa iov_len values in the Fa iov array was negative.
    Bq Er EINVAL
    The sum of the Fa iov_len values in the Fa iov array overflowed a 32-bit integer.
    Bq Er EFAULT
    Part of the Fa iov array points outside the process's allocated address space.

    The pread ();
    and preadv ();
    system calls may also return the following errors:

    Bq Er EINVAL
    The Fa offset value was negative.
    Bq Er ESPIPE
    The file descriptor is associated with a pipe, socket, or FIFO.

     

    SEE ALSO

    dup(2), fcntl(2), getdirentries(2), open(2), pipe(2), select(2), socket(2), socketpair(2), fread(3), readdir(3)  

    STANDARDS

    The read ();
    system call is expected to conform to St -p1003.1-90 . The readv ();
    and pread ();
    system calls are expected to conform to St -xpg4.2 .  

    HISTORY

    The preadv ();
    system call appeared in Fx 6.0 . The pread ();
    function appeared in AT&T System V.4 . The readv ();
    system call appeared in BSD 4.2 The read ();
    function appeared in AT&T System v6 .


     

    Index

    NAME
    LIBRARY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    SEE ALSO
    STANDARDS
    HISTORY


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