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pine (1)
  • >> pine (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • pine (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • Ключ pine обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.
  • 
    NAME
         pine - a Program for Internet News and Email
    
    SYNTAX
         pine [ options ] [ address , address ]
    
         pinef [ options ] [ address , address ]
    
    DESCRIPTION
         Pine is a screen-oriented  message-handling  tool.   In  its
         default  configuration, Pine offers an intentionally limited
         set of functions geared toward the novice user, but it  also
         has  a  growing  list of optional "power-user" and personal-
         preference features.  pinef is a variant of Pine  that  uses
         function  keys  rather than mnemonic single-letter commands.
         Pine's basic feature set includes:
    
              View, Save, Export, Delete, Print,  Reply  and  Forward
              messages.
    
              Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico)  with  word-
              wrap and a spelling checker.  Messages may be postponed
              for later completion.
    
              Full-screen selection and management of  message  fold-
              ers.
    
              Address book to keep a list of long or  frequently-used
              addresses.  Personal distribution lists may be defined.
              Addresses may be  taken  into  the  address  book  from
              incoming mail without retyping them.
    
              New mail checking and notification occurs automatically
              every  2.5  minutes  and  after  certain commands, e.g.
              refresh-screen (Ctrl-L).
    
              On-line, context-sensitive help screens.
    
         Pine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail  Extensions),
         an  Internet  Standard  for  representing multipart and mul-
         timedia data in email.  Pine allows you to save MIME objects
         to  files,  and in some cases, can also initiate the correct
         program for viewing the object.  It uses the system's  mail-
         cap configuration file to determine what program can process
         a particular MIME object type. Pine's message composer  does
         not  have  integral  multimedia  capability, but any type of
         data file --including multimedia-- can be attached to a text
         message  and  sent using MIME's encoding rules.  This allows
         any group of individuals  with  MIME-capable  mail  software
         (e.g.  Pine,  PC-Pine,  or  many other programs) to exchange
         formatted documents, spread-sheets, image  files,  etc,  via
         Internet email.
         Pine uses the c-client messaging API  to  access  local  and
         remote  mail  folders.  This  library  provides a variety of
         low-level message-handling functions, including drivers  for
         a  variety  of  different mail file formats, as well as rou-
         tines to access remote mail and  news  servers,  using  IMAP
         (Internet  Message  Access  Protocol) and NNTP (Network News
         Transport Protocol).  Outgoing mail is usually handed-off to
         the  Unix  sendmail, program but it can optionally be posted
         directly via SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).
    
    OPTIONS
         The command line options/arguments are:
    
         address             Send mail to address.  This  will  cause
                             Pine  to  go  directly  into the message
                             composer.
    
         -a                  Special anonymous mode for UWIN*
    
         -attach file        Send mail with the  listed  file  as  an
                             attachment.
    
         -attach_and_delete file
                             Send mail with the  listed  file  as  an
                             attachment,  and  remove  the file after
                             the message is sent.
    
         -attachlist file-list
                             Send mail with the listed  file-list  as
                             an attachments.
    
         -c context-number   context-number is the number correspond-
                             ing  to  the  folder-collection to which
                             the -f command line argument  should  be
                             applied.   By default the -f argument is
                             applied to  the  first  defined  folder-
                             collection.
    
         -d debug-level      Output diagnostic  info  at  debug-level
                             (0-9)  to  the  current .pine-debug[1-4]
                             file.  A value of 0 turns debugging  off
                             and suppresses the .pine-debug file.
    
         -d key[=val]        Fine tuned output of diagnostic messages
                             where  "flush" causes debug file writing
                             without buffering,  "timestamp"  appends
                             each  message with a timestamp, "imap=n"
                             where n is between 0 and 4  representing
                             none  to  verbose IMAP telemetry report-
                             ing, "numfiles=n" where n is  between  0
                             and  31  corresponding  to the number of
                             debug files to maintain, and "verbose=n"
                             where n is between 0 and 9 indicating an
                             inverse threshold for message output.
    
         -f folder           Open folder  (in  first  defined  folder
                             collection,  use -c n to specify another
                             collection) instead of INBOX.
    
         -F file             Open  named  text  file  and  view  with
                             Pine's browser.
    
         -h                  Help: list valid command-line options.
    
         -i                  Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.
    
         -I keystrokes       Initial (comma separated list of)  keys-
                             trokes  which  Pine  should  execute  on
                             startup.
    
         -k                  Use function keys for commands. This  is
                             the same as running the command pinef.
    
         -n number           Start up with current message-number set
                             to number.
    
         -nr                 Special mode for UWIN*
    
         -o                  Open first folder read-only.
    
         -p config-file      Use config-file as the  personal  confi-
                             guration  file  instead  of  the default
                             .pinerc.
    
         -P config-file      Use  config-file  as  the  configuration
                             file instead of default system-wide con-
                             figuration file pine.conf.
    
         -r                  Use  restricted/demo  mode.   Pine  will
                             only  send  mail to itself and functions
                             like save and export are restricted.
    
         -url url            Open the given url. Cannot be used  with
                             -f, -F, or -attach options.
    
         -z                  Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP  so  pine  may  be
                             suspended.
    
         -bail               Exit if the pinerc file does not exist
    
         -conf               Produce  a  sample/fresh  copy  of   the
                             system-wide      configuration     file,
                             pine.conf, on the standard output.  This
                             is  distinct  from  the per-user .pinerc
                             file.
    
         -create_lu addrbook sort-order
                             Creates auxiliarly index (look-up)  file
                             for   addrbook  and  sorts  addrbook  in
                             sort-order,  which  may  be   dont-sort,
                             nickname,    fullname,    nickname-with-
                             lists-last, or fullname-with-lists-last.
                             Useful  when  creating  global or shared
                             address books.  After creating the index
                             file  in  this  way,  the file should be
                             moved or copied in a way which preserves
                             the mtime of the address book file.  The
                             mtime of the address book  file  at  the
                             time  the index file was built is stored
                             inside the index file and  a  comparison
                             between   that   stored  value  and  the
                             current mtime of the address  book  file
                             is done when somebody runs pine.  If the
                             mtime has changed since the  index  file
                             was made, then pine will want to rebuild
                             the index file.  In other  words,  don't
                             build  the  index  file with this option
                             and then copy the address  book  to  its
                             final destination in a way which changes
                             the file's mtime.
    
         -pinerc file        Output  fresh  pinerc  configuration  to
                             file.
    
         -sort order         Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one  of
                             the  following orders: arrival, subject,
                             from,   date,   size,   orderedsubj   or
                             reverse.  Arrival  order is the default.
                             The  OrderedSubj  choice   simulates   a
                             threaded sort.  Any sort may be reversed
                             by adding /reverse to  it.   Reverse  by
                             itself is the same as arrival/reverse.
    
         -option=value       Assign value to the config option option
                             e.g.  -signature-file=sig1  or -feature-
                             list=signature-at-bottom          (Note:
                             feature-list values are additive)
    
         * UWIN = University of Washington Information Navigator
    
    CONFIGURATION
         There are several levels of Pine configuration.   Configura-
         tion  values at a given level over-ride corresponding values
         at lower levels.  In order of increasing precedence:
    
          o built-in defaults.
          o system-wide pine.conf file.
          o  personal  .pinerc  file  (may  be   set   via   built-in
         Setup/Config menu.)
          o command-line options.
          o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.
    
         There is one exception to the rule that configuration values
         are  replaced  by  the value of the same option in a higher-
         precedence file: the feature-list variable has  values  that
         are  additive,  but  can  be  negated by prepending "no-" in
         front of an individual feature name. Unix Pine also uses the
         following environment variables:
    
           TERM
           DISPLAY     (determines if Pine can display IMAGE  attach-
         ments.)
           SHELL       (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
           MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list  of  path  names  to
         mailcap files)
    
    FILES
         /usr/spool/mail/xxxx        Default  folder   for   incoming
         mail.
         ~/mail                      Default directory for mail fold-
         ers.
         ~/.addressbook              Default address book file.
         ~/.addressbook.lu           Default address book index file.
         ~/.pine-debug[1-4]          Diagnostic log for debugging.
         ~/.pinerc                   Personal pine config file.
         ~/.newsrc                   News subscription/state file.
         ~/.signature                Default signature file.
         ~/.mailcap                  Personal mail capabilities file.
         ~/.mime.types               Personal file extension to  MIME
         type mapping
         /etc/mailcap                System-wide  mail   capabilities
         file.
         /etc/mime.types             System-wide file  ext.  to  MIME
         type mapping
         /usr/local/lib/pine.info    Local pointer to system adminis-
         trator.
         /usr/local/lib/pine.conf    System-wide configuration file.
         /usr/local/lib/pine.conf.fixed Non-overridable configuration
         file.
         /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
         ~/.pine-interrupted-mail    Message which was interrupted.
         ~/mail/postponed-msgs       For postponed messages.
         ~/mail/sent-mail            Outgoing message archive (FCC).
         ~/mail/saved-messages       Default destination  for  Saving
         messages.
    
    SEE ALSO
         pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5),  mailaddr(7),  sendmail(8),
         spell(1), imapd(8)
    
         Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
         Pine Information Center:  http://www.washington.edu/pine
         Source                                         distribution:
         ftp://ftp.cac.washington.edu/pine/pine.tar.Z
         Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
         C-Client messaging API library, included in the source  dis-
         tribution.
    
    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
         The University of Washington Pine development team (part of the UW Office
         of Computing & Communications) includes:
    
          Project Leader:           Mike Seibel
          Principal authors:        Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade*
          C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
          Pico, the PIne COmposer:  Mike Seibel
          Documentation:            Many people!
          PC-Pine for Windows:      Tom Unger, Mike Seibel
          Project oversight:        Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
          Principal Patrons:        Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
          Additional support:       NorthWestNet
          Initial Pine code base:   Elm, by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
          Initial Pico code base:   MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
          User Interface design:    Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS
          Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks from all over!
    
            *Emeritus
    
         Copyright 1989-1999 by the University of Washington.
         Pine and Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.
    
         $Date: 1999/11/04 01:54:26 $
    
    
    
    


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