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pine (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )>> pine (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )Ключ pine обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.
pine - a Program for Internet News and Email
Pine is a screen-oriented message-handling tool. In its default
configuration, Pine offers an intentionally limited set of
functions geared toward the novice user, but it also has a growing
list of optional "power-user" and personal-preference features.
is a variant of Pine that uses function keys rather than mnemonic
Pine's basic feature set includes:
View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.
Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and a spelling
checker. Messages may be postponed for later completion.
Full-screen selection and management of message folders.
Address book to keep a list of long or frequently-used addresses.
Personal distribution lists may be defined.
Addresses may be taken into the address book from
incoming mail without retyping them.
New mail checking and notification occurs automatically every 2.5 minutes
and after certain commands, e.g. refresh-screen (Ctrl-L).
On-line, context-sensitive help screens.
Pine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet
Standard for representing multipart and multimedia data in email.
Pine allows you to save MIME objects to files, and in some
cases, can also initiate the correct program for viewing the object.
It uses the system's
configuration file to determine what program can process a particular MIME
Pine's message composer does not have integral multimedia capability, but
any type of data file --including multimedia-- can be attached to a text
message and sent using MIME's encoding rules. This allows any group of
individuals with MIME-capable mail software (e.g. Pine, PC-Pine, or many
other programs) to exchange formatted documents, spread-sheets, image
files, etc, via Internet email.
Pine uses the
messaging API to access local and remote mail folders. This
library provides a variety of low-level message-handling functions,
for a variety of different mail file formats, as well as routines
to access remote mail and news servers, using IMAP (Internet Message
Access Protocol) and NNTP (Network News Transport Protocol). Outgoing mail
is usually handed-off to the Unix
program but it can optionally be posted directly via SMTP
(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).
The command line options/arguments are:
Send mail to
This will cause Pine to go directly into the message composer.
- -attach file
Send mail with the listed
as an attachment.
- -attachlist file-list
Send mail with the listed
as an attachments.
- -attach_and_delete file
Send mail with the listed
as an attachment, and remove the file
after the message is sent.
- -aux local_directory
PC-Pine only. When using a remote configuration (-p <remote_config>) this tells
PC-Pine the local directory to use for storing auxiliary files, like debug
files, address books, and signature files.
Exit if the pinerc file does not exist. This might be useful if the config
file is accessed using some remote filesystem protocol. If the remote mount
is missing this will cause Pine to quit instead of creating a new pinerc.
- -c context-number
context-number is the number corresponding to the
folder-collection to which the
command line argument should be applied. By default the
argument is applied to the first defined folder-collection.
Produce a sample/fresh copy of the
system-wide configuration file,
on the standard output. This is distinct from the per-user
- -convert_sigs -p pinerc
Convert signature files into literal signatures.
- -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
Copy the local address book file to a remote address book folder.
- -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
Copy the local pinerc file to a remote pinerc folder.
- -create_lu addrbook sort-order
Creates auxiliarly index (look-up) file for
which may be
Useful when creating global or shared address books.
After creating the index file in this way, the file should be moved or
copied in a way which preserves the mtime of the address book file.
The mtime of the address book file at the time the index file was built is
stored inside the index file and a comparison between that stored value and
the current mtime of the address book file is done when somebody runs pine.
If the mtime has changed since the index file was made, then pine will
want to rebuild the index file.
In other words, don't build the index file with this option and then copy
the address book to its final destination in a way which changes the
- -d debug-level
Output diagnostic info at
(0-9) to the current
file. A value of 0 turns debugging off and suppresses the
- -d key[=val]
Fine tuned output of diagnostic messages where "flush" causes
debug file writing without buffering, "timestamp" appends
each message with a timestamp, "imap=n" where n is between
0 and 4 representing none to verbose IMAP telemetry reporting,
"numfiles=n" where n is between 0 and 31 corresponding to the
number of debug files to maintain, and "verbose=n" where n is
between 0 and 9 indicating an inverse threshold for message
- -f folder
(in first defined folder collection, use
to specify another collection) instead of INBOX.
- -F file
Open named text file and view with Pine's browser.
Help: list valid command-line options.
Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.
- -I keystrokes
Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes which Pine should execute
Use function keys for commands. This is the same as running the command
- -n number
Start up with current message-number set to
Open first folder read-only.
- -p config-file
as the personal configuration file instead of the default
- -P config-file
as the configuration file instead of default
system-wide configuration file
- -pinerc file
Output fresh pinerc configuration to
file, preserving the settings of variables that the user has made.
Use file set to ``-'' to make output go to standard out.
<IP> -registry cmd 20
For PC-Pine only, this option affects the values of
Pine's registry entries.
Possible values for cmd are set, clear, and dump.
Set will always reset Pine's registry
entries according to its current settings.
Clear will clear the registry values.
Dump will display the values of current registry settings.
Note that the dump command is currently disabled.
Without the -registry option, PC-Pine will write values into
the registry only if there currently aren't any values set.
Use restricted/demo mode.
will only send mail to itself
and functions like save and export are restricted.
- -sort order
Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one of the following orders:
arrival, date, subject, orderedsubj, thread, from, size, score, to, cc,
order is the default.
The OrderedSubj choice simulates a threaded sort.
Any sort may be reversed by adding
by itself is the same as
Some options may or may not be supported depending on how Pine
This is a way to determine which options are supported in the particular
copy of Pine you are using.
- -url url
Open the given
Cannot be used with
Version: Print version information.
Version: Print version information.
- -x config
Use configuration exceptions in
Exceptions are used to override your default pinerc
settings for a particular platform, can be a local file or
a remote folder.
Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so pine may be suspended.
to the config option
e.g. -signature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bottom
(Note: feature-list values are additive)
There are several levels of Pine configuration. Configuration values at
a given level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels. In order of
o built-in defaults.
file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
o command-line options.
There is one exception to the rule that configuration values are replaced
by the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file: the
feature-list variable has values that are additive, but can be negated by
prepending "no-" in front of an individual feature name. Unix Pine also
uses the following environment variables:
DISPLAY (determines if Pine can display IMAGE attachments.)
SHELL (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
MAILCAPS (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)
/var/spool/mail/xxxx Default folder for incoming mail.
~/mail Default directory for mail folders.
~/.addressbook Default address book file.
~/.addressbook.lu Default address book index file.
~/.pine-debug[1-4] Diagnostic log for debugging.
~/.pinerc Personal pine config file.
~/.newsrc News subscription/state file.
~/.signature Default signature file.
~/.mailcap Personal mail capabilities file.
~/.mime.types Personal file extension to MIME type mapping
/etc/mailcap System-wide mail capabilities file.
/etc/mime.types System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
/usr/lib/pine.info Local pointer to system administrator.
/etc/pine.conf System-wide configuration file.
/etc/pine.conf.fixed Non-overridable configuration file.
/tmp/.\var\spool\mail\xxxx Per-folder mailbox lock files.
~/.pine-interrupted-mail Message which was interrupted.
~/mail/postponed-msgs For postponed messages.
~/mail/sent-mail Outgoing message archive (FCC).
~/mail/saved-messages Default destination for Saving messages.
pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5), mailaddr(7), sendmail(8), spell(1), imapd(8)
Pine Information Center: http://www.washington.edu/pine
Source distribution: ftp://ftp.cac.washington.edu/pine/pine.tar.Z
Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.
The University of Washington Pine development team (part of the UW Office
of Computing & Communications) includes:
Project Leader: Mike Seibel
Principal authors: Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade*
C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
Pico, the PIne COmposer: Mike Seibel
Documentation: Many people!
PC-Pine for Windows: Tom Unger, Mike Seibel
Project oversight: Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
Principal Patrons: Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
Additional support: NorthWestNet
Initial Pine code base: Elm, by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
Initial Pico code base: MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
User Interface design: Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS
Suggestions/fixes/ports: Folks from all over!
Copyright 1989-2002 by the University of Washington.
Pine and Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.
$Date: 2002/01/08 16:03:14 $
- SEE ALSO