open - gain access to a device
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/file.h> #include <sys/errno.h> #include <sys/open.h> #include <sys/cred.h> #include <sys/ddi.h> #include <sys/sunddi.h> int prefixopen(dev_t *devp, int flag, int otyp, cred_t *cred_p);
#include <sys/file.h> #include <sys/stream.h> #include <sys/ddi.h> #include <sys/sunddi.h> int prefixopen(queue_t *q, dev_t *devp, int oflag, int sflag, cred_t *cred_p);
Architecture independent level 1 (DDI/DKI). This entry point is required, but it can be nulldev(9F)
The driver's open() function is called by the kernel during an open(2) or a mount(2) on the special file for the device. A device can be opened simultaneously by multiple processes and the open() driver operation is called for each open. Note that a device is referenced once its associated open(9E) function is entered, and thus open(9E) operations which have not yet completed will prevent close(9E) from being called. The function should verify that the minor number component of *devp is valid, that the type of access requested by otyp and flag is appropriate for the device, and, if required, check permissions using the user credentials pointed to by cred_p.
The kernel provides open() close() exclusion guarantees to the driver at *devp, otyp granularity. This delays new open() calls to the driver while a last-reference close() call is executing. If the driver has indicated that an EINTR returns safe via the D_OPEN_RETURNS_EINTR cb_ops(9S) cb_flag, a delayed open() may be interrupted by a signal that results in an EINTR return.
Last-reference accounting and open() close() exclusion typically simplify driver writing. In some cases, however, they might be an impediment for certain types of drivers. To overcome any impediment, the driver can change minor numbers in open(9E), as described below, or implement multiple minor nodes for the same device. Both techniques give the driver control over when close() calls occur and whether additional open() calls will be delayed while close() is executing.
The open() function is passed a pointer to a device number so that the driver can change the minor number. This allows drivers to dynamically create minor instances of the device. An example of this might be a pseudo-terminal driver that creates a new pseudo-terminal whenever it is opened. A driver that chooses the minor number dynamically, normally creates only one minor device node in attach(9E) with ddi_create_minor_node(9F). It then changes the minor number component of *devp using makedevice(9F) and getmajor(9F). The driver needs to keep track of available minor numbers internally. A driver that dynamically creates minor numbers might want to avoid returning the original minor number since returning the original minor will result in postponed dynamic opens when original minor close() call occurs.
*devp = makedevice(getmajor(*devp), new_minor);
The open() function should return 0 for success, or the appropriate error number.
close(2), exit(2), mmap(2), mount(2), munmap(2), open(2), Intro(9E), attach(9E), close(9E), ddi_create_minor_node(9F), getmajor(9F), getminor(9F), makedevice(9F), nulldev(9F), cb_ops(9S)
Writing Device Drivers
STREAMS Programming Guide
Do not attempt to change the major number.
When a driver modifies the device number passed in, it must not change the major number portion of the device number. Unless CLONEOPEN is specified, the modified device number must map to the same driver instance indicated by the driver's getinfo(9e) implementation. In other words, cloning across different drivers is not supported. Cloning across different instances of the same driver in only permitted if the driver specified in CLONE_DEV in ddi_create_minor_node(9F) is not supported.
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Created 1996-2023 by Maxim Chirkov
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