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neato (1)
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    NAME

    neato - preprocessor for drawing undirected graphs
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    neato [-Gname=value] [-Nname=value] [-Ename=value] [-Tlang] [-l libfile] [-n[1|2]] [-o outfile] [-v] [files]  

    DESCRIPTION

    neato draws undirected graphs using ``spring'' models (see Kamada and Kawai, Information Processing Letters 31:1, April 1989). Input files must be formatted in the dot attributed graph language. By default, the output of neato is the input graph with layout coordinates appended. To make Postscript, use the -Tps option. FrameMaker MIF (-Tmif), HPGL (-Thpgl), and GIF (-Tgif) are other choices.

    Here is a brief synopsis of the graph language.

    graph name { statement-list } is the top level graph. Statements may be:

    name=val;
    node [name=val];
    edge [name=val]; Set the default graph, node, or edge attribute name to val. Any subgraph, node, or edge specified after one of these statements inherits these attributes.

    n0 [name0=val0,name1=val1,...]; Creates node n0 if it does not exist, and sets its attributes according to the optional list.

    n0 -- n1 -- ... -- nn [name0=val0,name1=val1,...]; Creates edges between nodes n0, n1, ..., nn and optionally sets the given attributes. Creates nodes as necessary.

    subgraph name { statement-list } Creates a subgraph. A subgraph may appear in place of an individual node within an edge statement. The subgraph name part is optional. If missing, the subgraph is given an internal name.

    While attribute names and values may be arbitrary strings, certain fixed attributes control neato's layout algorithm, as next described.  

    GRAPH ATTRIBUTES

    Refer to dot(1) options to control the layout size. In addition, neato recognizes the following:

    start=val. Requests random initial placement and seeds the random number generator. If val is not an integer, the process ID or current time is used as the seed.

    epsilon=n. Sets the cutoff for the solver. The default is 0.1.

     

    NODE ATTRIBUTES

    Refer to dot(1) for options to control node labels, shapes, sizes, colors, fonts, etc.  

    EDGE ATTRIBUTES

    Refer to dot(1) for options to control edge line style and labels. In addition neato recognizes the following:

    w=f sets the weight (spring constant) of an edge to the given floating point value. The default is 1.0; greater values make the edge tend more toward its optimal length.

    len=f sets the optimal length of an edge. The default is 1.0.  

    COMMAND LINE OPTIONS

    -n[1|2] (no-op) If set, neato assumes nodes have already been positioned and all nodes have a pos attribute giving the positions. It then performs an optional adjustment to remove node-node overlap, depending on the value of the overlap attribute, computes the edge layouts, depending on the value of the splines attribute, and emits the graph in the appropriate format. If num is supplied, the following actions occur:
        num = 1
    
    Equivalent to -n.
        num > 1
    
    Use node positions as specified, with no adjustment to remove node-node overlaps, and use any edge layouts already specified by the pos attribute. neato computes an edge layout for any edge that does not have a pos attribute. As usual, edge layout is guided by the splines attribute.

    -v (verbose) prints delta energy every 100th iteration.

    Refer to dot(1) for a description of the other command-line options.  

    EXAMPLE

    graph test123 {
            a -- b -- c;
            a -- {x y};
            x -- c [w=10.0];
            x -- y [w=5.0,len=3];
    }
    
     

    CAVEATS

    Because unconstrained optimization is employed, node boxes can possibly overlap or touch unrelated edges. All existing spring embedders seem to have this limitation.

    Apparently reasonable attempts to pin nodes or adjust edge lengths and weights can cause instability.  

    SEE ALSO

    dot(1) circo(1) twopi(1) fdp(1)
    S. C. North, "NEATO User's Manual". Available on research.att.com in dist/drawdag/neatodoc.ps.Z.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    GRAPH ATTRIBUTES
    NODE ATTRIBUTES
    EDGE ATTRIBUTES
    COMMAND LINE OPTIONS
    EXAMPLE
    CAVEATS
    SEE ALSO


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