The OpenNET Project / Index page

[ новости/++ | форум | wiki | теги | ]

Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

 ТемаНаборКатегория 
 
 [Cписок руководств | Печать]

natmip (4)
  • >> natmip (4) ( FreeBSD man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    natmip
    
     - IP over ATM PVCs  
    

    SYNOPSIS

    device atm options NATM  

    DESCRIPTION

    The NATM protocol stack includes support for IP over ATM. Without any additional signalling stacks or other modules it is possible to build a CLIP (classical IP over ATM) network based on PVCs.

    An ATM network card ( en0 in this example) is configured for IP by something like:

    "ifconfig en0 128.252.200.1 netmask 0xffffff00 up"

    IP routing is done with special interface routes (routes with directly reachable destinations) with a link layer gateway address. The link layer address specifies the ATM interface through which the destination can be reached, the virtual channel that connects to the destination and the ATM characteristics of this channel. The address part of the link layer address (see link_addr3) consists of a fixed part (the first 5 bytes) and a part that depends on the kind of the PVC (UBR, CBR, VBR, ABR). Multi-byte values are big-endian encoded: the bytes with the lower numbers contain the higher order bits.

    byte 0
    Is a flag byte. Currently only flag 0x20 is used. When set, all IP frames are LLC/SNAP encapsulated before putting them into an AAL5 frame. Setting this flag is recommended and allows interoperability with other CLIP implementations. Note that BPF works only with LLC/SNAP encapsulation.
    byte 1
    This is the VPI of the channel.
    bytes 2...3
    VCI of the channel. Must not be zero.
    byte 4
    Traffic type. One of 0 (UBR), 1 (CBR), 2 (ABR), 3 (VBR).

    The variable part for UBR connections may be either empty or three bytes:

    bytes 5...7
    Specifies the peak cell rate for UBR.

    The variable part for CBR connections must be three bytes:

    bytes 5...7
    Specifies the peak cell rate for CBR.

    The variable part for VBR connections must be 9 bytes long and specifies three values:

    bytes 5...7
    Specifies the peak cell rate for VBR.
    bytes 8...10
    This is the sustainable cell rate.
    bytes 11...13
    The maximum burst size.

    The variable part for ABR connections must be 19 bytes long and specifies the following values:

    bytes 5...7
    Specifies the peak cell rate for ABR.
    bytes 8...10
    The minimum cell rate.
    bytes 11...13
    The initial cell rate.
    bytes 14...16
    The transient buffer exposure.
    byte 17
    The NRM value.
    byte 18
    The TRM value.
    bytes 19...20
    The ADTF value.
    byte 21
    The rate increase factor (RIF).
    byte 22
    The rate decrease factor (RDF).
    byte 23
    The cutoff decrease factor (CDF).

    To add a PVC the route(8) utility can be used:

    route add -iface Aq remote IP address -link Ao iface Ac : Aq lladdr

    The iface is the ATM interface through which remote IP address can be reached and lladdr is the link layer address as a string of dot-separated, hexadecimal bytes.

    NATM also supports the old, original format. This consists of 4 byte link layer addresses (and the channels are implicit UBR):

    byte 0
    Flags:

    0x01
    use AAL5.
    0x02
    if using AAL5, use an LLC/SNAP header.

    Thus, parameter 3 means AAL5 and LLC/SNAP encapsulation (this is the required setting for interworking with other CLIP clients). Note that BPF works only with LLC/SNAP encapsulation.

    byte 1
    VPI for the channel
    bytes 2...3
    VCI for the channel

     

    EXAMPLES

    Suppose you have 3 hosts 128.252.200.1, 128.252.200.2 and 128.252.200.3 connected by ATM through PVCs:

    between 128.252.200.1 and 128.252.200.2: 0xc9 UBR
    between 128.252.200.1 and 128.252.200.3: 0xca VBR
    between 128.252.200.2 and 128.252.200.3: 0xcb CBR

    The parameters for the VBR channel are: PCR 50000, SCR 10000, MBS 10. The peak cell rate for the CBR channel is 100000.

    To enable the links use the following commands:

    on host 128.252.200.1:

    ifconfig en0 128.252.200.1 netmask 0xffffff00 up
    route add -iface 128.252.200.2 -link en0:3.0.0.c9.0
    route add -iface 128.252.200.3 -link en0:3.0.0.ca.3.0.c3.50.0.27.10.0.0.a
    

    on host 128.252.200.2:

    ifconfig en0 128.252.200.2 netmask 0xffffff00 up
    route add -iface 128.252.200.1 -link en0:3.0.0.c9.0
    route add -iface 128.252.200.3 -link en0:3.0.0.cb.1.1.86.a0
    

    on host 128.252.200.3:

    ifconfig en0 128.252.200.3 netmask 0xffffff00 up
    route add -iface 128.252.200.1 -link en0:3.0.0.ca.3.0.c3.50.0.27.10.0.0.a
    route add -iface 128.252.200.2 -link en0:3.0.0.cb.1.1.86.a0
    

    This can also be done in rc.conf5:

    on host 128.252.200.1:

    network_interfaces="lo0 en0"
    ifconfig_en0="inet 128.252.200.1 netmask 255.255.255.0"
    static_routes="host2 host3"
    route_host2="-iface 128.252.200.2 -link en0:3.0.0.c9.0"
    route_host3="-iface 128.252.200.3 -link en0:3.0.0.ca.3.0.c3.50.0.27.10.0.0.a"
    

    on host 128.252.200.2:

    network_interfaces="lo0 en0"
    ifconfig_en0="inet 128.252.200.2 netmask 255.255.255.0"
    static_routes="host1 host3"
    route_host1="-iface 128.252.200.1 -link en0:3.0.0.c9.0"
    route_host3="-iface 128.252.200.3 -link en0:3.0.0.cb.1.1.86.a0"
    

    on host 128.252.200.3:

    network_interfaces="lo0 en0"
    ifconfig_en0="inet 128.252.200.3 netmask 255.255.255.0"
    static_routes="host1 host2"
    route_host1="-iface 128.252.200.1 -link en0:3.0.0.ca.3.0.c3.50.0.27.10.0.0.a"
    route_host2="-iface 128.252.200.2 -link en0:3.0.0.cb.1.1.86.a0"
    
     

    SEE ALSO

    en(4), fatm(4), hatm(4), natm(4), patm(4)  

    AUTHORS

    An Chuck Cranor of Washington University implemented the NATM protocol layer along with the EN ATM driver in 1996 for Nx .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS


    Поиск по тексту MAN-ов: 



      Закладки на сайте
      Проследить за страницей
    Created 1996-2017 by Maxim Chirkov  
    ДобавитьРекламаВебмастеруГИД  
    Hosting by Ihor