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merge (1)
  • merge (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> merge (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • merge (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    merge - three-way file merge
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    merge [ options ] file1 file2 file3  

    DESCRIPTION

    merge incorporates all changes that lead from file2 to file3 into file1. The result ordinarily goes into file1. merge is useful for combining separate changes to an original. Suppose file2 is the original, and both file1 and file3 are modifications of file2. Then merge combines both changes.

    A conflict occurs if both file1 and file3 have changes in a common segment of lines. If a conflict is found, merge normally outputs a warning and brackets the conflict with <<<<<<< and >>>>>>> lines. A typical conflict will look like this:

    <<<<<<< file A
    lines in file A
    =======
    lines in file B
    >>>>>>> file B
    

    If there are conflicts, the user should edit the result and delete one of the alternatives.  

    OPTIONS

    -A
    Output conflicts using the -A style of diff3(1), if supported by diff3. This merges all changes leading from file2 to file3 into file1, and generates the most verbose output.
    -E, -e
    These options specify conflict styles that generate less information than -A. See diff3(1) for details. The default is -E. With -e, merge does not warn about conflicts.
    -L label
    This option may be given up to three times, and specifies labels to be used in place of the corresponding file names in conflict reports. That is, merge -L x -L y -L z a b c generates output that looks like it came from files x, y and z instead of from files a, b and c.
    -p
    Send results to standard output instead of overwriting file1.
    -q
    Quiet; do not warn about conflicts. -V Print 's version number.
     

    DIAGNOSTICS

    Exit status is 0 for no conflicts, 1 for some conflicts, 2 for trouble.  

    IDENTIFICATION

    Author: Walter F. Tichy.
    Manual Page Revision: 5.7; Release Date: 1995/06/01.
    Copyright © 1982, 1988, 1989 Walter F. Tichy.
    Copyright © 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 Paul Eggert.  

    SEE ALSO

    diff3(1), diff(1), rcsmerge(1), co(1).  

    BUGS

    It normally does not make sense to merge binary files as if they were text, but merge tries to do it anyway.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    DIAGNOSTICS
    IDENTIFICATION
    SEE ALSO
    BUGS


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