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Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

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man (1)
  • man (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> man (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • man (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • man (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • man (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • man (5) ( Solaris man: Форматы файлов )
  • man (7) ( FreeBSD man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • man (7) ( Русские man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • man (7) ( Linux man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • Ключ man обнаружен в базе ключевых слов.

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    man
    
     - format and display the on-line manual pages
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    [-adfhkotw ] [-m arch [: machine ] ] [-p string ] [-M path ] [-P pager ] [-S list ] [section ] name ...  

    DESCRIPTION

    The utility formats and displays the on-line manual pages. This version knows about the MANPATH and PAGER environment variables, so you can have your own set(s) of personal man pages and choose whatever program you like to display the formatted pages. If section is specified, only looks in that section of the manual. You may also specify the order to search the sections for entries and which preprocessors to run on the source files via command line options or environment variables. If enabled by the system administrator, formatted man pages will also be compressed with the ``/usr/bin/gzip -c '' command to save space.

    The options are as follows:

    -M path
    Specify an alternate manpath. By default, uses manpath(1) (which is built into the binary) to determine the path to search. This option overrides the MANPATH environment variable.
    -P pager
    Specify which pager to use. By default, uses ``more -s '' This option overrides the PAGER environment variable.
    -S list
    List is a colon separated list of manual sections to search. This option overrides the MANSECT environment variable.
    -a
    By default, will exit after displaying the first manual page it finds. Using this option forces to display all the manual pages that match name not just the first.
    -d
    Do not actually display the man pages, but do print gobs of debugging information.
    -f
    Equivalent to whatis
    -h
    Print a help message and exit.
    -k
    Equivalent to apropos
    -m arch [: machine ]
    As some manual pages are intended only for specific architectures and machine types, searches any subdirectories, with the same name as the current machine type and architecture, in every directory which it searches. Machine specific areas are checked before architecture specific areas, and architecture specific areas are checked before general areas. For example, for ``i386:pc98 '' the following subdirectories will be searched for section 8 manpages, in order: man8/pc98, man8/i386 and man8

    The current machine type may be overridden using this option or by setting the environment variable MACHINE to the name of a specific machine. The current architecture may be overridden using this option or by setting the environment variable MACHINE_ARCH to the name of a specific architecture. This option overrides the MACHINE and MACHINE_ARCH environment variables. A machine component, if omitted, defaults to arch

    -o
    Look for original, non-localized manpages only.

    By default, searches for a localized manpage in a set of locale subdirectories of each manpath(1) component.

    Locale name is taken from the first of three environment variables with a nonempty value: LC_ALL , LC_CTYPE or LANG in the specified order.

    If the value could not be determined, or is not a valid locale name, then only non-localized manpage will be looked up.

    Otherwise, will search in the following subdirectories, in the order of precedence:

    <lang> _ <country> . <charset>
    <lang> . <charset>
    en . <charset>

    For example, for the ``de_DE.ISO8859-1 '' locale, will search in the following subdirectories of the /usr/share/man manpath component:

    /usr/share/man/de_DE.ISO8859-1
    /usr/share/man/de.ISO8859-1
    /usr/share/man/en.ISO8859-1

    Finally, if the search of localized manpage fails, it will be looked up in the default /usr/share/man directory.

    -p string
    Specify the sequence of preprocessors to run before nroff(1) or troff(1). Not all installations will have a full set of preprocessors. Some of the preprocessors and the letters used to designate them are: eqn (e) grap (g) pic (p) tbl (t) vgrind (v) refer (r) This option overrides the MANROFFSEQ environment variable.
    -t
    Use ``/usr/bin/groff -S -man '' to format the manual page, passing the output to stdout. The default output format of groff(1) is Postscript, but see the manual page of groff(1) for ways to pick an alternate format.

    Depending on the selected format and the availability of printing devices, the output may need to be passed through some filter or another before being printed.

    -w
    Do not actually display the man pages, but do print the location(s) of the files that would be formatted or displayed.

     

    ENVIRONMENT

    LC_ALL , LC_CTYPE , LANG
    These variables specify the preferred language for manual pages. (See the -o option above.)
    MACHINE
    If MACHINE is set, its value is used to override the current machine type when searching machine specific subdirectories.
    MACHINE_ARCH
    If MACHINE_ARCH is set, its value is used to override the current architecture when searching architecture specific subdirectories.
    MANPATH
    If MANPATH is set, its value is used as the path to search for manual pages.
    MANROFFSEQ
    If MANROFFSEQ is set, its value is used to determine the set of preprocessors run before running nroff(1) or troff(1). By default, pages are passed through the table preprocessor (tbl(1) ) before nroff(1).
    MANSECT
    If MANSECT is set, its value is used to determine which manual sections to search.
    PAGER
    If PAGER is set, its value is used as the name of the program to use to display the man page. By default, ``more -s '' is used.

     

    EXAMPLES

    Normally, to look at the relevant manpage information for ``getopt '' one would use:

    "man getopt"

    However, when referring to a specific section of the manual, such as getopt(3), one would use:

    "man 3 getopt"
     

    SEE ALSO

    apropos(1), groff(1), manpath(1), more(1), whatis(1), man(7), mdoc(7)  

    BUGS

    The -t option only works if the troff(1)Ns-like program is installed.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    ENVIRONMENT
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    BUGS


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