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ls (1)
  • ls (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ls (1) ( FreeBSD man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ls (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> ls (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • ls (1) ( POSIX man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  •  

    NAME

    ls - list directory contents
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    ls [OPTION]... [FILE]...  

    DESCRIPTION

    List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort.

    Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

    -a, --all
    do not ignore entries starting with .
    -A, --almost-all
    do not list implied . and ..
    --author
    with -l, print the author of each file
    -b, --escape
    print octal escapes for nongraphic characters
    --block-size=SIZE
    use SIZE-byte blocks
    -B, --ignore-backups
    do not list implied entries ending with ~
    -c
    with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of file status information) with -l: show ctime and sort by name otherwise: sort by ctime
    -C
    list entries by columns
    --color[=WHEN]
    control whether color is used to distinguish file types. WHEN may be `never', `always', or `auto'
    -d, --directory
    list directory entries instead of contents, and do not dereference symbolic links
    -D, --dired
    generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode
    -f
    do not sort, enable -aU, disable -lst
    -F, --classify
    append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries
    --file-type
    likewise, except do not append `*'
    --format=WORD
    across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C
    --full-time
    like -l --time-style=full-iso
    -g
    like -l, but do not list owner
    -G, --no-group
    like -l, but do not list group
    -h, --human-readable
    with -l, print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)
    --si
    likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024
    -H, --dereference-command-line
    follow symbolic links listed on the command line
    --dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir
    follow each command line symbolic link that points to a directory
    --hide=PATTERN
    do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN (overridden by -a or -A)
    --indicator-style=WORD append indicator with style WORD to entry names:
    none (default), slash (-p), file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)
    -i, --inode
    with -l, print the index number of each file
    -I, --ignore=PATTERN
    do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN
    -k
    like --block-size=1K
    -l
    use a long listing format
    -L, --dereference
    when showing file information for a symbolic link, show information for the file the link references rather than for the link itself
    -m
    fill width with a comma separated list of entries
    -n, --numeric-uid-gid
    like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs
    -N, --literal
    print raw entry names (don't treat e.g. control characters specially)
    -o
    like -l, but do not list group information
    -p, --indicator-style=slash
    append / indicator to directories
    -q, --hide-control-chars
    print ? instead of non graphic characters
    --show-control-chars
    show non graphic characters as-is (default unless program is `ls' and output is a terminal)
    -Q, --quote-name
    enclose entry names in double quotes
    --quoting-style=WORD
    use quoting style WORD for entry names: literal, locale, shell, shell-always, c, escape
    -r, --reverse
    reverse order while sorting
    -R, --recursive
    list subdirectories recursively
    -s, --size
    with -l, print size of each file, in blocks
    -S
    sort by file size
    --sort=WORD
    extension -X, none -U, size -S, time -t, version -v, status -c, time -t, atime -u, access -u, use -u
    --time=WORD
    with -l, show time as WORD instead of modification time: atime, access, use, ctime or status; use specified time as sort key if --sort=time
    --time-style=STYLE
    with -l, show times using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, +FORMAT. FORMAT is interpreted like `date'; if FORMAT is FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, FORMAT1 applies to non-recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files; if STYLE is prefixed with `posix-', STYLE takes effect only outside the POSIX locale
    -t
    sort by modification time
    -T, --tabsize=COLS
    assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8
    -u
    with -lt: sort by, and show, access time with -l: show access time and sort by name otherwise: sort by access time
    -U
    do not sort; list entries in directory order
    -v
    sort by version
    -w, --width=COLS
    assume screen width instead of current value
    -x
    list entries by lines instead of by columns
    -X
    sort alphabetically by entry extension
    -1
    list one file per line

    SELinux options:

    --lcontext
    Display security context. Enable -l. Lines will probably be too wide for most displays.
    -Z, --context
    Display security context so it fits on most displays. Displays only mode, user, group, security context and file name.
    --scontext
    Display only security context and file name.
    --help
    display this help and exit
    --version
    output version information and exit

    SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed by) one of following: kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.

    By default, color is not used to distinguish types of files. That is equivalent to using --color=none. Using the --color option without the optional WHEN argument is equivalent to using --color=always. With --color=auto, color codes are output only if standard output is connected to a terminal (tty). The environment variable LS_COLORS can influence the colors, and can be set easily by the dircolors command.

    Exit status is 0 if OK, 1 if minor problems, 2 if serious trouble.  

    AUTHOR

    Written by Richard Stallman and David MacKenzie.  

    REPORTING BUGS

    Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.  

    COPYRIGHT

    Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  

    SEE ALSO

    The full documentation for ls is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and ls programs are properly installed at your site, the command
    info ls

    should give you access to the complete manual.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR
    REPORTING BUGS
    COPYRIGHT
    SEE ALSO


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