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Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

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lexgrog (1)
  • >> lexgrog (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )


    lexgrog - parse header information in man pages


    lexgrog [-m|-c] [-fhwV] file ...  


    lexgrog is an implementation of the traditional lqgroff guessrq utility in lex. It reads the list of files on its command line as either man page source files or preformatted lqcatrq pages, and displays their name and description as used by apropos and whatis, the list of preprocessing filters required by the man page before it is passed to nroff or troff, or both.

    If its input is badly formatted, lexgrog will print lqparse failedrq; this may be useful for external programs that need to check man pages for correctness. If one of lexgrog's input files is lq-rq, it will read from standard input; if any input file is compressed, a decompressed version will be read automatically.  


    -m, --man
    Parse input as man page source files. This is the default if neither --man nor --cat is given.
    -c, --cat
    Parse input as preformatted man pages (lqcat pagesrq). --man and --cat may not be given simultaneously.
    -w, --whatis
    Display the name and description from the man page's header, as used by apropos and whatis. This is the default if neither --whatis nor --filters is given.
    -f, --filters
    Display the list of filters needed to preprocess the man page before formatting with nroff or troff.
    -h, --help
    Print a help message and exit.
    -V, --version
    Display version information.


    Successful program execution.
    Usage error.
    lexgrog failed to parse one or more of its input files.


      $ lexgrog man.1
      man.1: "man - an interface to the on-line reference manuals"
      $ lexgrog -fw man.1
      man.1 (t): "man - an interface to the on-line reference manuals"
      $ lexgrog -c whatis.cat1 
      whatis.cat1: "whatis - display manual page descriptions"
      $ lexgrog broken.1
      broken.1: parse failed


    mandb (which uses the same code as lexgrog) parses the NAME section at the top of each manual page looking for names and descriptions of the features documented in each. While the parser is quite tolerant, as it has to cope with a number of different forms that have historically been used, it may sometimes fail to extract the required information.

    When using the traditional man macro set, a correct NAME section looks something like this:

    .SH NAME
    foo \- program to do something

    Some manual pagers require the oq\-cq to be exactly as shown; mandb is more tolerant, but for compatibility with other systems it is nevertheless a good idea to retain the backslash.

    On the left-hand side, there may be several names, separated by commas. The text on the right-hand side is free-form, and may be spread over multiple lines. If several features with different descriptions are being documented in the same manual page, the following form is therefore used:

    .SH NAME
    foo, bar \- programs to do something
    baz \- program to do nothing

    (A macro which starts a new paragraph, like .PP, may be used instead of the break macro .br.)

    When using the BSD-derived mdoc macro set, a correct NAME section looks something like this:

    .Sh NAME
    .Nm foo
    .Nd program to do something

    There are several common reasons why whatis parsing fails. Sometimes authors of manual pages replace oq.SH NAMEcq with oq.SH MYPROGRAMcq, and then mandb cannot find the section from which to extract the information it needs. Sometimes authors include a NAME section, but place free-form text there rather than oqname \- descriptioncq. However, any syntax resembling the above should be accepted.  


    man(1), mandb(8), apropos(1), whatis(1).  


    lexgrog attempts to parse files containing .so requests, but will only be able to do so correctly if the files are properly installed in a manual page hierarchy.  


    The code used by lexgrog to scan man pages was written by:

    Wilf. (
    Fabrizio Polacco (
    Colin Watson (

    Colin Watson wrote the current incarnation of the command-line front-end, as well as this man page.




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