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le (4)
  • >> le (4) ( FreeBSD man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
  • le (7) ( Solaris man: Макропакеты и соглашения )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    le
    
     - AMD Am7900 LANCE and Am79C9xx ILACC/PCnet Ethernet interface driver
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following line in your kernel configuration file:
    device le

    Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf5:

    if_le_load="YES"
    

    For C-Bus non-PnP adapters, the port address and the IRQ number have to be specified in /boot/device.hints hint.le.0.at=isa hint.le.0.port=0x03d0 hint.le.0.irq=6

    For ISA non-PnP adapters, the port address as well as the IRQ and the DRQ numbers have to be specified in /boot/device.hints hint.le.0.at=isa hint.le.0.port=0x280 hint.le.0.irq=10 hint.le.0.drq=0  

    DESCRIPTION

    The driver provides support for Ethernet adapters based on the AMD Am7990 and Am79C90 (CMOS, pin-compatible) Local Area Network Controller for Ethernet (LANCE ) chips.

    The driver also supports Ethernet adapters based on the AMD Am79C900 Integrated Local Area Communications Controller (ILACC ) as well as the Am79C9xx PCnet family of chips, which are single-chip implementations of a LANCE chip and a DMA engine. This includes a superset of the PCI bus Ethernet chips supported by the pcn(4) driver. The driver treats all of these PCI bus Ethernet chips as an AMD Am79C970 PCnet-PCI and does not support the additional features like the MII bus and burst mode of AMD Am79C971 PCnet-FAST and greater chips. Thus the pcn(4) driver should be preferred for the latter.

    Generally, the driver aims at supporting as many different chips on as many different platforms as possible, partially at the cost of the best performance with some of these.

    The driver supports reception and transmission of extended frames for vlan(4). Selective reception of multicast Ethernet frames is provided by a 64-bit mask; multicast destination addresses are hashed to a bit entry using the Ethernet CRC function.  

    HARDWARE

     

    C-Bus and ISA

    The driver supports C-Bus and ISA bus Ethernet adapters which are based on the following chips:

    This includes support for the following Ethernet adapters:

    C-Bus non-PnP:

    ISA non-PnP:

    ISA PnP:

    The driver does not support the selection of media types and options via ifconfig(8) with C-Bus and ISA bus Ethernet adapters.  

    PCI

    The PCI bus Ethernet chips supported by the driver are:

    This includes support for the following Ethernet adapters:

    The driver supports the selection of the following media types via ifconfig(8) with PCI bus Ethernet adapters:

    autoselect
    Enable autoselection of the media type.
    10baseT/UTP
    Select UTP media.
    10base5/AUI
    Select AUI/BNC media.

    The following media option is supported with these media types:

    full-duplex
    Select full duplex operation.

    Note that unlike the pcn(4) driver, the driver does not support selecting 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) media types.  

    sparc64

    The driver supports the on-board LANCE interfaces found in Sun Ultra 1 machines. The driver allows the selection of the following media types via ifconfig(8) with these on-board interfaces:

    autoselect
    Enable autoselection of the media type.
    10baseT/UTP
    Select UTP media.
    10base5/AUI
    Select AUI media.

    When using autoselection, a default media type is selected for use by examining all ports for carrier. The first media type with which a carrier is detected will be selected. Additionally, if carrier is dropped on a port, the driver will switch between the possible ports until one with carrier is found.

    The driver also supports the following Sun SBus Ethernet add-on adapters:

    The driver does not support the selection of media types and options via ifconfig(8) with SBus Ethernet add-on adapters.

    For further information on configuring media types and options, see ifconfig(8).  

    DIAGNOSTICS

    "le%d: overflow"
    More packets came in from the Ethernet than there was space in the LANCE receive buffers. Packets were missed.
    "le%d: receive buffer error"
    The LANCE ran out of buffer space, packet dropped.
    "le%d: lost carrier"
    The Ethernet carrier disappeared during an attempt to transmit. The LANCE will finish transmitting the current packet, but will not automatically retry transmission if there is a collision.
    "le%d: excessive collisions, tdr %d"
    The Ethernet was extremely busy or jammed, outbound packets were dropped after 16 attempts to retransmit.

    TDR is the abbreviation of Qq Time Domain Reflectometry . The optionally reported TDR value is an internal counter of the interval between the start of a transmission and the occurrence of a collision. This value can be used to determine the distance from the Ethernet tap to the point on the Ethernet cable that is shorted or open (unterminated).

    "le%d: dropping chained buffer"
    A packet did not fit into a single receive buffer and was dropped. Since the driver allocates buffers large enough to receive maximum sized Ethernet packets, this means some other station on the LAN transmitted a packet larger than allowed by the Ethernet standard.
    "le%d: transmit buffer error"
    The LANCE ran out of buffer space before finishing the transmission of a packet. If this error occurs, the driver software has a bug.
    "le%d: underflow"
    The LANCE ran out of buffer space before finishing the transmission of a packet. If this error occurs, the driver software has a bug.
    "le%d: controller failed to initialize"
    Driver failed to start the LANCE This is potentially a hardware failure.
    "le%d: memory error"
    RAM failed to respond within the timeout when the LANCE wanted to read or write it. This is potentially a hardware failure.
    "le%d: receiver disabled"
    The receiver of the LANCE was turned off due to an error.
    "le%d: transmitter disabled"
    The transmitter of the LANCE was turned off due to an error.

     

    SEE ALSO

    altq(4), arp(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pcn(4), vlan(4), ifconfig(8)  

    HISTORY

    The driver was ported from Nx and first appeared in Fx 6.1 . The Nx version in turn was derived from the driver which first appeared in BSD 4.4  

    AUTHORS

    The driver was ported by An Marius Strobl Aq marius@FreeBSD.org .


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    HARDWARE
    C-Bus and ISA
    PCI
    sparc64
    DIAGNOSTICS
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    AUTHORS


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