Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)
>> inews (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
inews - send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution
reads a Usenet news article (perhaps with headers) from
the named file or standard input if no file is given.
It adds some headers and performs some consistency checks.
If the article does not meet these checks (for example, too much
quoting of old articles, or posting to non-existent newsgroups) then
the article is rejected.
If it passes the checks,
sends the article to the local news
server as specified in the
file for distribution.
- -A -V -W
For compatibility with C News,
accepts, but ignores, the ``-A'', ``-V'' and ``-W'' flags.
As a debugging aide, if the ``-D'' flag is used, the consistency checks
will be performed, and the article will be sent to the standard output,
rather then sent to the server.
In the standard mode of operation, the input consists of the article
headers, a blank line, and the message body.
For compatibility with older software, the ``-h'' flag must be used.
If there are no headers in the message, then this flag may be omitted.
The C News ``-N'' flag is treated as the ``-D'' flag.
The default Organization header will be provided if none is present
in the article or if the ``-o'' flag is not used.
To prevent adding the default, use the ``-O'' flag.
If the ``-p'' flag is used, then the articles will be sent through the
specified port on the remote host.
If the ``-R'' flag is used then
will reject any attempts to post control messages.
If a file named
exists in the user's home directory,
will try to append it to the end of the article.
If the file cannot be read, or if it is too long (for example, more than
four lines or one standard I/O buffer), or if some other problem occurs,
then the article will not be posted.
To suppress this action use the ``-S'' flag.
Several headers may be specified on the command line, shown in the
synopsis above as
Each of these flags takes a single parameter; if the value is more than
one word (for example, almost all Subject lines) then quotes must be used
to prevent the shell from splitting it into multiple words.
The options, and their equivalent header, are as follows:
x Path prefix
<DO_INEWS_PATH in include/config.h>
is defined, the Path header is built according to the following rules.
If the ``-x'' flag is used, then its value will be the start of the
Any other host will see the site in the header, and therefore not
offer the article to that site.
<DO_INEWS_PATH in include/config.h>
is defined and the ``pathhost'' configuration parameter is specified in the
file, then it will be added to the Path.
Otherwise, if the ``server'' configuration parameter is specified,
then the full domain name of the local host will be added to the Path.
The Path will always end
<PATHMASTER in include/config.h>
If an unapproved posting is made to a moderated newsgroup,
will try to mail the article to the moderator for posting.
It will query the remote news server for a moderators listing. If
that doesn't succeed, it will fallback to using the local
file to determine the mailing address.
If no address is found, it will use ``moderatormailer'' in
to determine a ``last-chance'' host to try.
If the NNTP server needs to authenticate the client,
will use the
routine to authenticate itself.
In order to do this, the program will need read access to the
This is typically done by having the file group-readable and making
run setgid to that group.
exits with a zero status if the article was successfully posted or mailed,
or with a non-zero status if the article could not be delivered.
will spool its input if the server is unavailable, it is usually necessary
with the ``-U'' flag on a regular basis, usually out of
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com
> for InterNetNews.
This is revision 22.214.171.124, dated 2000/08/17.
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