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hosts (5)
  • hosts (4) ( Solaris man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
  • hosts (4) ( Русские man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
  • >> hosts (5) ( FreeBSD man: Форматы файлов )
  • hosts (5) ( Русские man: Форматы файлов )
  • hosts (5) ( Linux man: Форматы файлов )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    hosts
    
     - host name data base
    
     
    

    DESCRIPTION

    The file contains information regarding the known hosts on the network. It can be used in conjunction with DNS, and the NIS maps `hosts.byaddr' and `hosts.byname', as controlled by nsswitch.conf5. For each host a single line should be present with the following information:
    Internet address
    official host name
    aliases
    

    Items are separated by any number of blanks and/or tab characters. A ``#'' indicates the beginning of a comment; characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted by routines which search the file.

    When using the name server named(8), this file provides a backup used when the name server is not running. For the name server, it is suggested that only a few addresses be included in this file. These include addresses for the local interfaces that ifconfig(8) needs at boot time and a few machines on the local network.

    This file may be created from the official host data base maintained at the Network Information Control Center (NIC ) though local changes may be required to bring it up to date regarding unofficial aliases and/or unknown hosts. As the data base maintained at NIC is incomplete, use of the name server is recommended for sites on the DARPA Internet.

    Network addresses are specified in the conventional ``.'' (dot) notation using the inet_addr3 routine from the Internet address manipulation library, inet(3). Host names may contain any printable character other than a field delimiter, newline, or comment character.  

    FILES

    /etc/hosts
    The file resides in /etc

     

    SEE ALSO

    gethostbyname(3), nsswitch.conf5, ifconfig(8), named(8)
    "Name Server Operations Guide for BIND"
     

    HISTORY

    The file format appeared in BSD 4.2


     

    Index

    NAME
    DESCRIPTION
    FILES
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY


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