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gview (1)
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    NAME
         vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
    
    SYNOPSIS
         vim [options] [file ..]
         vim [options] -
         vim [options] -t tag
         vim [options] -q [errorfile]
    
         ex
         view
         gvim gview
         rvim rview rgvim rgview
    
    DESCRIPTION
         Vim is a text editor that is upwards compatible to  Vi.   It
         can be used to edit any ASCII text.  It is especially useful
         for editing programs.
    
         There are a lot of enhancements above Vi: multi level  undo,
         multi windows and buffers, syntax highlighting, command line
         editing, filename completion, on-line  help,  visual  selec-
         tion,  etc..   See  ":help vi_diff.txt" for a summary of the
         differences between Vim and Vi.
    
         While running Vim a lot of help can  be  obtained  from  the
         on-line  help system, with the ":help" command.  See the ON-
         LINE HELP section below.
    
         Most often Vim is started to edit a  single  file  with  the
         command
    
              vim file
    
         More generally Vim is started with:
    
              vim [options] [filelist]
    
         If the filelist is missing, the editor will  start  with  an
         empty  buffer.   Otherwise  exactly one out of the following
         four may be used to choose one or more files to be edited.
    
         file ..     A list of filenames.  The first one will be  the
                     current file and read into the buffer.  The cur-
                     sor will be positioned on the first line of  the
                     buffer.  You can get to the other files with the
                     ":next" command.  To edit  a  file  that  starts
                     with a dash, precede the filelist with "--".
    
         -           The file to edit is read from  stdin.   Commands
                     are read from stderr, which should be a tty.
    
         -t {tag}    The file to edit and the initial cursor position
                     depends on a "tag", a sort of goto label.  {tag}
                     is looked up in the tags  file,  the  associated
                     file becomes the current file and the associated
                     command is executed.  Mostly this is used for  C
                     programs,  in  which case {tag} could be a func-
                     tion name.  The effect is that the file contain-
                     ing  that  function becomes the current file and
                     the cursor is positioned on  the  start  of  the
                     function.  See ":help tag-commands".
    
         -q [errorfile]
                     Start in quickFix mode.  The file [errorfile] is
                     read  and  the  first  error  is  displayed.  If
                     [errorfile] is omitted, the filename is obtained
                     from   the   'errorfile'   option  (defaults  to
                     "AztecC.Err"  for  the  Amiga,  "errors.vim"  on
                     other systems).  Further errors can be jumped to
                     with the ":cn" command.  See ":help quickfix".
    
         Vim behaves differently, depending on the name of  the  com-
         mand (the executable may still be the same file).
    
         vim       The "normal" way, everything is default.
    
         ex        Start in Ex mode.  Go  to  Normal  mode  with  the
                   ":vi"  command.   Can  also  be done with the "-e"
                   argument.
    
         view      Start in read-only mode.  You  will  be  protected
                   from writing the files.  Can also be done with the
                   "-R" argument.
    
         gvim gview
                   The GUI version.  Starts a new window.   Can  also
                   be done with the "-g" argument.
    
         rvim rview rgvim rgview
                   Like the above, but with  restrictions.   It  will
                   not  be  possible  to  start  shell  commands,  or
                   suspend Vim. Can also be done with the "-Z"  argu-
                   ment.
    
    OPTIONS
         The options may be given  in  any  order,  before  or  after
         filenames.   Options  without  an  argument  can be combined
         after a single dash.
    
         +[num]      For the first file the cursor will be positioned
                     on  line "num".  If "num" is missing, the cursor
                     will be positioned on the last line.
    
         +/{pat}     For the first file the cursor will be positioned
                     on  the  first  occurrence of {pat}.  See ":help
                     search-pattern" for the  available  search  pat-
                     terns.
    
         +{command}
    
         -c {command}
                     {command} will be executed after the first  file
                     has  been  read.  {command} is interpreted as an
                     Ex command.  If the {command} contains spaces it
                     must  be enclosed in double quotes (this depends
                     on the shell that is used).  Example: Vim  "+set
                     si" main.c
                     Note: You can use up to 10 "+" or "-c" commands.
    
         -b          Binary mode.  A few options  will  be  set  that
                     makes it possible to edit a binary or executable
                     file.
    
         -C          Compatible.  Set the 'compatible' option.   This
                     will make Vim behave mostly like Vi, even though
                     a .vimrc file exists.
    
         -d {device} Open {device} for use as a  terminal.   Only  on
                     the Amiga.  Example:  "-d con:20/30/600/150".
    
         -e          Start Vim in Ex mode, just like  the  executable
                     was called "ex".
    
         -f          Foreground.  For the GUI version, Vim  will  not
                     fork  and  detach  from the shell it was started
                     in.  On the Amiga, Vim is not restarted to  open
                     a  new  window.  This option should be used when
                     Vim is executed by a program that will wait  for
                     the  edit session to finish (e.g. mail).  On the
                     Amiga the ":sh" and ":!" commands will not work.
    
         -F          If Vim has been compiled with FKMAP support  for
                     editing  right-to-left  oriented files and Farsi
                     keyboard mapping,  this  option  starts  Vim  in
                     Farsi  mode,  i.e.  'fkmap'  and 'rightleft' are
                     set.  Otherwise an error message  is  given  and
                     Vim aborts.
    
         -g          If Vim has been compiled with GUI support,  this
                     option  enables  the GUI.  If no GUI support was
                     compiled in, an error message is given  and  Vim
                     aborts.
    
         -h          Give a bit of help about the command line  argu-
                     ments and options.  After this Vim exits.
    
         -H          If Vim has been compiled with RIGHTLEFT  support
                     for  editing  right-to-left  oriented  files and
                     Hebrew keyboard mapping, this option starts  Vim
                     in Hebrew mode, i.e. 'hkmap' and 'rightleft' are
                     set.  Otherwise an error message  is  given  and
                     Vim aborts.
    
         -i {viminfo}
                     When using the viminfo  file  is  enabled,  this
                     option  sets the filename to use, instead of the
                     default "~/.viminfo".  This can also be used  to
                     skip the use of the .viminfo file, by giving the
                     name "NONE".
    
         -L          Same as -r.
    
         -l          Lisp mode.   Sets  the  'lisp'  and  'showmatch'
                     options on.
    
         -m          Modifying files is disabled.  Resets the 'write'
                     option, so that writing files is not possible.
    
         -N          No-compatible  mode.   Reset  the   'compatible'
                     option.  This will make Vim behave a bit better,
                     but less Vi compatible,  even  though  a  .vimrc
                     file does not exist.
    
         -n          No swap file will be  used.   Recovery  after  a
                     crash  will be impossible.  Handy if you want to
                     edit a file on a very slow medium (e.g. floppy).
                     Can  also  be  done  with  ":set  uc=0".  Can be
                     undone with ":set uc=200".
    
         -o[N]       Open N windows.  When N  is  omitted,  open  one
                     window for each file.
    
         -R          Read-only mode.  The 'readonly' option  will  be
                     set.  You can still edit the buffer, but will be
                     prevented from accidently  overwriting  a  file.
                     If  you do want to overwrite a file, add an exc-
                     lamation mark to the Ex command,  as  in  ":w!".
                     The  -R  option  also implies the -n option (see
                     below).  The 'readonly' option can be reset with
                     ":set noro".  See ":help 'readonly'".
    
         -r          List swap files, with  information  about  using
                     them for recovery.
    
         -r {file}   Recovery mode.  The swap file is used to recover
                     a  crashed  editing session.  The swap file is a
                     file with the same filename  as  the  text  file
                     with ".swp" appended.  See ":help recovery".
    
         -s          Silent mode.  Only when started as "Ex" or  when
                     the  "-e"  option  was  given  before  the  "-s"
                     option.
    
         -s {scriptin}
                     The script file {scriptin} is read.  The charac-
                     ters  in  the file are interpreted as if you had
                     typed them.  The same can be done with the  com-
                     mand  ":source!  {scriptin}".  If the end of the
                     file is reached before the editor exits, further
                     characters are read from the keyboard.
    
         -T {terminal}
                     Tells Vim the  name  of  the  terminal  you  are
                     using.   Only  required  when  the automatic way
                     doesn't work.  Should be a terminal known to Vim
                     (builtin)  or defined in the termcap or terminfo
                     file.
    
         -u {vimrc}  Use the commands in the file  {vimrc}  for  ini-
                     tializations.  All the other initializations are
                     skipped.  Use this to edit  a  special  kind  of
                     files.  It can also be used to skip all initial-
                     izations by giving the name "NONE".  See  ":help
                     initialization" within vim for more details.
    
         -U {gvimrc} Use the commands in the file  {gvimrc}  for  GUI
                     initializations.   All the other GUI initializa-
                     tions are skipped.  It can also be used to  skip
                     all  GUI  initializations  by  giving  the  name
                     "NONE".  See ":help  gui-init"  within  vim  for
                     more details.
    
         -V          Verbose.  Give messages about  which  files  are
                     sourced  and  for  reading and writing a viminfo
                     file.
    
         -v          Start Vim in Vi mode, just like  the  executable
                     was  called "vi".  This only has effect when the
                     executable is called "ex".
    
         -w {scriptout}
                     All the characters that you type are recorded in
                     the  file  {scriptout}, until you exit Vim. This
                     is useful if you want to create a script file to
                     be  used  with  "vim  -s" or ":source!".  If the
                     {scriptout}   file   exists,   characters    are
                     appended.
    
         -W {scriptout}
                     Like -w, but an existing file is overwritten.
    
         -x          Use encryption when writing files.   Will prompt
                     for a crypt key.
    
         -Z          Restricted  mode.   Works  like  the  executable
                     starts with "r".
    
         --          Denotes the end of the options.  Arguments after
                     this  will  be handled as a file name.  This can
                     be used to edit a filename that  starts  with  a
                     '-'.
    
    ON-LINE HELP
         Type ":help" in Vim to get started.  Type ":help subject" to
         get  help on a specific subject.  For example: ":help ZZ" to
         get help for the "ZZ" command.  Use <Tab> and CTRL-D to com-
         plete   subjects  (":help  cmdline-completion").   Tags  are
         present to jump from one place to another (sort of hypertext
         links,  see ":help").  All documentation files can be viewed
         in this way, for example ":help syntax.txt".
    
    FILES
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/doc/*.txt
                        The  Vim  documentation  files.   Use  ":help
                        doc-file-list" to get the complete list.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/doc/tags
                        The tags file used for finding information in
                        the documentation files.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/syntax/syntax.vim
                        System wide syntax initializations.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/syntax/*.vim
                        Syntax files for various languages.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vimrc
                        System wide Vim initializations.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/gvimrc
                        System wide gvim initializations.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/optwin.vim
                        Script used for  the  ":options"  command,  a
                        nice way to view and set options.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/menu.vim
                        System wide menu initializations for gvim.
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/bugreport.vim
                        Script to generate a bug report.  See  ":help
                        bugs".
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/filetype.vim
                        Script to detect the type of a  file  by  its
                        name.  See ":help 'filetype'".
    
         /opt/sfw/share/vim/vim57/scripts.vim
                        Script to detect the type of a  file  by  its
                        contents.  See ":help 'filetype'".
    
         For recent info read the VIM home page:
         <URL:http://www.vim.org/>
    
    SEE ALSO
         vimtutor(1)
    
    AUTHOR
         Most of Vim was made by Bram Moolenaar, with a lot  of  help
         from others.  See ":help credits".
         Vim is based on Stevie, worked on  by:  Tim  Thompson,  Tony
         Andrews  and G.R. (Fred) Walter.  Although hardly any of the
         original code remains.
    
    BUGS
         Probably.  See ":help todo" for a list of known problems.
    
         Note that a number of things that may be regarded as bugs by
         some,  are  in fact caused by a too-faithful reproduction of
         Vi's behaviour.  And if you  think  other  things  are  bugs
         "because  Vi  does it differently", you should take a closer
         look at the vi_diff.txt file (or type :help vi_diff.txt when
         in  Vim).   Also  have a look at the 'compatible' and 'cpop-
         tions' options.
    
    
    
    


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