displays information about the system users.
displays the user's login name, real name, terminal name and write
status (as a ``*'' after the terminal name if write permission is
denied), idle time, login time, office location and office phone
Login time is displayed as month, day, hours and minutes, unless
more than six months ago, in which case the year is displayed rather
than the hours and minutes.
Unknown devices as well as nonexistent idle and login times are
displayed as single asterisks.
Produces a multi-line format displaying all of the information
described for the
option as well as the user's home directory, home phone number, login
shell, mail status, and the contents of the files
from the user's home directory.
Phone numbers specified as eleven digits are printed as ``+N-NNN-NNN-NNNN''.
Numbers specified as ten or seven digits are printed as the appropriate
subset of that string.
Numbers specified as five digits are printed as ``xN-NNNN''.
Numbers specified as four digits are printed as ``xNNNN''.
If write permission is denied to the device, the phrase ``(messages off)''
is appended to the line containing the device name.
One entry per user is displayed with the
option; if a user is logged on multiple times, terminal information
is repeated once per login.
Mail status is shown as ``No Mail.'' if there is no mail at all,
``Mail last read DDD MMM ## HH:MM YYYY (TZ)'' if the person has looked
at their mailbox since new mail arriving, or ``New mail received ...'',
`` Unread since ...'' if they have new mail.
from displaying the contents of the
Prevent matching of
is usually a login name; however, matching will also be done on the
users' real names, unless the
option is supplied.
All name matching performed by
is case insensitive.
If no options are specified,
defaults to the
style output if operands are provided, otherwise to the
Note that some fields may be missing, in either format, if information
is not available for them.
If no arguments are specified,
will print an entry for each user currently logged into the system.
may be used to look up users on a remote machine.
The format is to specify a
where the default output
format for the former is the
style, and the default output format for the latter is the
option is the only option that may be passed to a remote machine.
If standard output is a socket,
will emit a carriage return (^M) before every linefeed (^J). This is
for processing remote finger requests when invoked by
If finger finds this file in a user's home directory, it will, for
finger requests originating outside the local host, firmly deny the
existence of that user. For this to work, the finger program, as
must be able to see the
file. This generally means that the home directory containing the file
must have the other-users-execute bit set (o+x). See
If you use this feature for privacy, please test it with ``finger
@localhost'' before relying on it, just in case.
These files are printed as part of a long-format request. The
file is limited to one line; the
file may be arbitrarily long.