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dpkg-architecture (1)
  • >> dpkg-architecture (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
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    NAME

    dpkg-architecture - set and determine the architecture for package building
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    dpkg-architecture [options] [commands]

     

    DESCRIPTION

    dpkg-architecture does provide a facility to determine and set the build and host architecture for package building.

    The build architecture is always determined by an external call to dpkg(1), and can not be set at the command line.

    You can specify the host architecture by providing one or both of the options -a and -t. The default is determined by an external call to gcc(1), or the same as the build architecture if CC or gcc are both not available. One out of -a and -t is sufficient, the value of the other will be set to a usable default. Indeed, it is often better to only specify one, because dpkg-architecture will warn you if your choice does not match the default.  

    COMMANDS

    -l
    Print the environment variables, one each line, in the format VARIABLE=value. This is the default action.
    -edebian-architecture
    Check for equality of architecture. By default debian-architecture is compared against the current Debian architecture, being the host. This action will not expand the architecture wildcards. Command finishes with an exit status of 0 if matched, 1 if not matched.
    -iarchitecture-wildcard
    Check for identity of architecture by expanding architecture-wildcard as an architecture wildcard and comparing against the current Debian architecture. Command finishes with an exit status of 0 if matched, 1 if not matched.
    -qvariable-name
    Print the value of a single variable.
    -s
    Print an export command. This can be used to set the environment variables using eval.
    -u
    Print a similar command to -s but to unset all variables.
    -c command
    Execute a command in an environment which has all variables set to the determined value.
    -L
    Print a list of valid architecture names.
    --help
    Show the usage message and exit.
    --version
    Show the version and exit.
     

    OPTIONS

    -adebian-architecture
    Set the Debian architecture.
    -tgnu-system-type
    Set the GNU system type.
    -f
    Values set by existing environment variables with the same name as used by the scripts are honored (i.e. used by dpkg-architecture), except if this force flag is present. This allows the user to override a value even when the call to dpkg-architecture is buried in some other script (for example dpkg-buildpackage(1)).
     

    TERMS

    build machine
    The machine the package is built on.
    host machine
    The machine the package is built for.
    Debian architecture
    The Debian architecture string, which specifies the binary tree in the FTP archive. Examples: i386, sparc, hurd-i386.
    architecture wildcard
    An architecture wildcard is a special architecture string that will match any real architecture being part of it. The general form is <kernel>-<cpu>. Examples: linux-any, any-i386, hurd-any.
    GNU system type
    An architecture specification string consisting of two parts separated by a dash: cpu and system. Examples: i386-linux-gnu, sparc-linux-gnu, i386-gnu, x86_64-netbsd.
     

    VARIABLES

    The following variables are set by dpkg-architecture:
    DEB_BUILD_ARCH
    The Debian architecture of the build machine.
    DEB_BUILD_ARCH_OS
    The Debian system name of the build machine.
    DEB_BUILD_ARCH_CPU
    The Debian cpu name of the build machine.
    DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE
    The GNU system type of the build machine.
    DEB_BUILD_GNU_CPU
    The CPU part of DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE
    DEB_BUILD_GNU_SYSTEM
    The System part of DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE.
    DEB_HOST_ARCH
    The Debian architecture of the host machine.
    DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS
    The Debian system name of the host machine.
    DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU
    The Debian cpu name of the host machine.
    DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE
    The GNU system type of the host machine.
    DEB_HOST_GNU_CPU
    The CPU part of DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE.
    DEB_HOST_GNU_SYSTEM
    The System part of DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE.
     

    DEBIAN/RULES

    The environment variables set by dpkg-architecture are passed to debian/rules as make variables (see make documentation). However, you should not rely on them, as this breaks manual invocation of the script. Instead, you should always initialize them using dpkg-architecture with the -q option. Here are some examples, which also show how you can improve the cross compilation support in your package:

    Instead of:

    ARCH=`dpkg --print-architecture`
    configure $(ARCH)-linux
    

    please use the following:

    DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE := $(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE)
    DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE := $(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE)
    
    configure --build=$(DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE) --host=$(DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE)
    

    Instead of:

    ARCH=`dpkg --print-architecture`
    ifeq ($(ARCH),alpha)
      ...
    endif
    

    please use:

    DEB_HOST_ARCH := $(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_ARCH)
    
    ifeq ($(DEB_HOST_ARCH),alpha)
      ...
    endif
    

    or if you only need to check the CPU or OS type, use the DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU or DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS variables.

    In general, calling dpkg in the rules file to get architecture information is deprecated (unless you want to provide backward compatibility, see below). Especially the --print-architecture option is unreliable since we have Debian architectures which don't equal a processor name.  

    BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY

    The DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU and DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS variables were only introduced in relatively recent versions of dpkg-architecture (since dpkg 1.13.2), before this debian/rules files tended to check the values of the DEB_HOST_GNU_CPU or DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE variables which have been subject to change.

    Where debian/rules files check these variables to decide how or what to compile, this should be updated to use the new variables and values. You may wish to retain backwards compatibility with older version of dpkg-dev by using the following code:

    DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU := $(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU 2>/dev/null)
    DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS := $(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_ARCH_OS 2>/dev/null)
    
    # Take account of old dpkg-architecture output.
    ifeq ($(DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU),)
      DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU := $(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_GNU_CPU)
      ifeq ($(DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU),x86_64)
        DEB_HOST_ARCH_CPU := amd64
      endif
    endif
    ifeq ($(DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS),)
      DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS := $(subst -gnu,,$(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_GNU_SYSTEM))
      ifeq ($(DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS),gnu)
        DEB_HOST_ARCH_OS := hurd
      endif
    endif
    

    And similarly for DEB_BUILD_ARCH_CPU and DEB_BUILD_ARCH_OS.

    If you still wish to support versions of dpkg-dev that did not include dpkg-architecture, the following does the job:

    DEB_BUILD_ARCH := $(shell dpkg --print-architecture)
    DEB_BUILD_GNU_CPU := $(patsubst hurd-%,%,$(DEB_BUILD_ARCH))
    ifeq ($(filter-out hurd-%,$(DEB_BUILD_ARCH)),)
      DEB_BUILD_GNU_SYSTEM := gnu
    else
      DEB_BUILD_GNU_SYSTEM := linux-gnu
    endif
    DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE=$(DEB_BUILD_GNU_CPU)-$(DEB_BUILD_GNU_SYSTEM)
    
    DEB_HOST_ARCH := $(DEB_BUILD_ARCH)
    DEB_HOST_GNU_CPU := $(DEB_BUILD_GNU_CPU)
    DEB_HOST_GNU_SYSTEM := $(DEB_BUILD_GNU_SYSTEM)
    DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE := $(DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE)
    

    Put a subset of these lines at the top of your debian/rules file; these default values will be overwritten if dpkg-architecture is used.

    You don't need the full set. Choose a consistent set which contains the values you use in the rules file. For example, if you only need the host Debian architecture, `DEB_HOST_ARCH=`dpkg --print-architecture`' is sufficient (this is indeed the Debian architecture of the build machine, but remember that we are only trying to be backward compatible with native compilation).

    The -e and -i options were only introduced in relatively recent versions of dpkg-architecture (since dpkg 1.13.13).  

    EXAMPLES

    dpkg-buildpackage accepts the -a option and passes it to dpkg-architecture. Other examples:
    CC=i386-gnu-gcc dpkg-architecture -c debian/rules build
    eval `dpkg-architecture -u`

    Check if an architecture is equal to the current architecture or a given one:

    dpkg-architecture -elinux-alpha
    dpkg-architecture -amips -elinux-mips

    Check if the current architecture or an architecture provided with -a are Linux systems:

    dpkg-architecture -ilinux-any
    dpkg-architecture -ai386 -ilinux-any
     

    SEE ALSO

    dpkg-buildpackage(1), dpkg-cross(1).  

    AUTHOR

    dpkg-architecture and this man page were initially written by Marcus Brinkmann <brinkmd@debian.org>.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    COMMANDS
    OPTIONS
    TERMS
    VARIABLES
    DEBIAN/RULES
    BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR


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