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cfgmaker (1)
  • >> cfgmaker (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
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    NAME

    cfgmaker - Creates mrtg.cfg files (for mrtg-2.9.17)
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    cfgmaker [options] [community@]router [[options] [community@]router ...]  

    OPTIONS

     --ifref=nr        interface references by Interface Number (default)
     --ifref=ip                         ... by Ip Address
     --ifref=eth                        ... by Ethernet Number
     --ifref=descr                      ... by Interface Description
     --ifref=name                       ... by Interface Name
     --ifref=type                       ... by Interface Type
    
    
    
     --ifdesc=nr       interface description uses Interface Number (default)
     --ifdesc=ip                        ... uses Ip Address
     --ifdesc=eth                       ... uses Ethernet Number
     --ifdesc=descr                     ... uses Interface Description
     --ifdesc=name                      ... uses Interface Name
     --ifdesc=alias                     ... uses Interface Alias
     --ifdesc=type                      ... uses Interface Type
    
    
    
     --if-filter=f     Test every interface against filter f to decide wether
                       or not to include that interface into the collection.
                       Currently f is being evaluated as a Perl expression
                       and it's truth value is used to reject or accept the
                       interface.
                       (Experimental, under development, might change)
    
    
    
     --if-template=templatefile
                       Replace the normal target entries for the interfaces
                       with an entry as specified by the contents in the file
                       templatefile.  The file is supposed to contain Perl
                       code to be executed to generate the lines for the
                       target in the configuration file.
                       (Experimental, under development, might change)
    
    
    
     --host-template=templatefile
                       In addition to creating targets for a host's interfaces 
                       do also create targets for the host itself as specified
                       by the contents in the file templatefile.  The file is
                       supposed to contain Perl code to be executed to generate
                       the lines for the host related targets (such as CPU,
                       ping response time measurements etc.) in the config-
                       uration file.
                       (Experimental, under development, might change)
    
    
    
     --global "x: a"   add global config entries
    
    
    
     --no-down         do not look at admin or opr status of interfaces
    
    
    
     --show-op-down    show interfaces which are operatively down
    
    
    
     --descint         describe interface instead of just 'Traffic Analysis for'
    
    
    
     --subdirs=format  give each router its own subdirectory, naming each per 
                       "format", in which HOSTNAME and SNMPNAME will be 
                       replaced by the values of those items -- for instance,  
                       --subdirs=HOSTNAME or --subdirs="HOSTNAME (SNMPNAME)"
    
    
    
     --noreversedns    do not reverse lookup ip numbers
    
    
    
     --community=cmty  Set the default community string to "cmty" instead of
                       "public".
    
    
    
     --snmp-options=:[<port>][:[<tmout>][:[<retr>][:[<backoff>][:<ver>]]]]
    
    
    
                       Specify default SNMP options to be appended to all
                       routers following.  Individual fields can be empty.
                       Routers following might override some or all of the
                       options given to --snmp-options.
    
    
    
     --dns-domain=domain
                       Specifies a domain to append to the name of all
                       routers following.
    
    
    
     --nointerfaces    Don't do generate any configuration lines for interfaces,
                       skip the step of gathering interface information and
                       don't run any interface template code.
    
    
    
     --interfaces      Generate configuration lines for interfaces (this is the
                       default).  The main purpose of this option is to negate
                       an --nointerfaces appearing earlier on the command line.
    
    
    
     --help            brief help message
     --man             full documentation
     --version         print the version of cfgmaker
    
    
    
     --output=file     output filename default is STDOUT
    
    
    
     

    DESCRIPTION

    Cfgmaker creates MRTG configuration files based on information pulled from a router or another SNMP manageable device.

    [community@]router

    Community is the community name of the device you want to create a configuration for. If not specified, it defaults to 'public'; you might want to try this first if you do not know the community name of a device. If you are using the wrong comunity name you will get no response from the device.

    Router is the DNS name or the IP number of an SNMP-managable device. Following the name you can specify 6 further options separated by colons. The full syntax looks like this:

    router[:[prt][:[tmout][:[retr][:[backoff][:vers]]]]]

    Of special interest may be the last parameter, vers. If you set this to '2' then your device will be queried with SNMP version 2 requests. This allows to poll the 64 bit traffic counters in the device and will thus work much better with fast interfaces (no more counter overrun). Note that the order in which the routers are specified on the command line do matter as the same order is used when the configuration file is generated. The first specified router has it's configuration lines genrated first, followed by the lines belonging to the next router and so on.  

    Configuration

    Except for the ---output and ---global options, all options affect only the routers following them on the command line. If an option specified earlier on the command line reappears later on the command line with another value, the new value overrides the old value as far as remaining routers are concerned. This way options might be tailored for groups of routers or for individual routers.

    See ---output and ---global for how their behaviour is affected by where or how many times they appear on the command line.

    See the Examples below on how to set an option differently for multiple routers.

    ---help
    Print a brief help message and exit.
    ---man
    Prints the manual page and exits.
    ---version
    Print the version of cfgmaker. This should match the version of MRTG for which config files are being created.
    ---ifref nr|ip|eth|descr|name
    Select the interface identification method. Default is nr which identifies the router interfaces by their number. Unfortunately the interface numbering scheme in an SNMP tree can change. Some routers change their numbering when new interfaces are added, others change thier numbering every full moon just for fun.

    To work around this sad problem MRTG can identify interfaces by 4 other properties. None of these works for all interfaces, but you should be able to find one which does fine for you. Note that especially ethernet addrsses can be problematic as some routers have the same ethernet address on most of their interface cards.

    Select ip to identify the interface by its IP number. Use eth to use the ethernet address for identification. Use descr to use the Interface description. Or use name to use the Interface name.

    If your chosen method does not allow unique interface identification on the device you are querying, cfgmaker will tell you about it.

    ---ifdesc nr|ip|eth|descr|name|type|alias
    Select what to use as the description of the interface. The description appears in the "Title[]" property for the target as well as the text header in the HTML code defined in the target's "PageTop[]". Default is to use nr which is just the interface number which isn't always useful to the viewer of the graphs.

    There are 6 other properties which could be used. Use ip if you want to use the interface's IP-address. Use eth if you want to use the interface's ethernet address. If you want a better description, you can use either descr, name or alias. Exactly what each of these do varies between different equipment so you might need to experiment. For instance, for a serial interface on a Cisco router running IOS using name might result in ""S0"" being the interface description , descr might result in ""Serial0"" and alias might result in ""Link to HQ"" (provided that is what is used as the interface's "description" in the router's configuration).

    Finally, if you want to describe the interface by it's Btype (i.e ""ethernetCSMA"", ""propPointtoPoint"" etc) you can use type. This is roughly equivalent to the ---descint option above.

    ---if-filter 'filter-expression'
    First of all, this is under some developement and is experimental.

    Use this if you want to have better control over what interfaces gets included into the configuration. The filter-expression is evaluated as a piece of Perl code and is expected to return a truth value. If true, include the interface and if false, exclude the interface.

    For a further discussion on how these filters work, see the section the DETAILS ON FILTERS entry elsewhere in this document below.

    ---if-template template-file
    First of all, this is under some development and is experimental.

    Use this if you want to control what the line for each target should look like in the configuration file. The contents of the file template-file will be evaluated as a Perl program which generates the lines using certain variables for input and output.

    For a further discussion on how these templates work, see the section the DETAILS ON TEMPLATES entry elsewhere in this document below.

    ---host-template template-file
    First of all, this is under some development and is experimental.

    Use this if you want to have some extra targets related to the host itself such as CPU utilization, ping response time to the host, number of busy modems etc. The contents of the file template-file will be evaluated once per host as a Perl program which generates the lines using certain variables for input and output.

    For a further discussion on how these templates work, see the section the DETAILS ON TEMPLATES entry elsewhere in this document below.

    ---community community-string
    Use this to set the community for the routers following on the command line to community-string. Individual routers might overrride this community string by using the syntax community@router.
    ---snmp-options :[port][:[timeout][:[retries][:[backoff][:version]]]]
    Use this to set the default SNMP options for all routers following on the command line. Individual values might be omitted as well as trailing colons. Note that routers might override individual (or all) values specified by ---snmp-options by using the syntax

    router[:[port][:[timeout][:[retries][:[backoff][:version]]]]]

    ---global bla: abc

    ---global ``bla: abc''
    Use this to add global options to the generated config file. You can call ---global several times to add multiple options. The line will appear in the configuration just before the config for the next router appearing on the command line.

     --global "workdir: /home/mrtg"
    
    
    
    If you want some default Options you might want to put

     --global "options[_]: growright,bits"
    
    
    
    Specifying ---global after the last router on the command line will create a line in the configuration file which will appear after all the routers.
    ---noreversedns
    Do not try to reverse lookup IP numbers ... a must for DNS free environments.
    ---no-down
    Normally cfgmaker will not include interfaces which are marked anything but administratively and operationally UP. With this switch you get them all.
    ---show-op-down
    Include interfaces which are operatively down.
    ---subdirs format
    Give each router its own subdirectory for the HTML and graphics (or .rrd) files. The directory name is the given format string with a couple of pattern replacements. The string ``HOSTNAME'' will be replaced by the hostname of the router (however you specified it on the cfgmaker commandline --- it may be an actual hostname or just an IP address), and ``SNMPNAME'' will be replaced with the device's idea of its own name (the same name that appears on the right side of the ``Title'' lines). For instance, a call like:

     cfgmaker --subdirs=HOSTNAME__SNMPNAME public@10.10.0.18
    
    
    
    would result in the generation of lines looking something like:

     Directory[10.10.0.18_1]: 10.10.0.18__fp2200-bothrip-1.3
    
    
    

    ---output file
    Write the output from cfgmaker into the file file. The default is to use "STDOUT". ---output is expected to appear only once on the command line. If used multiple times, the file specified by the last ---output will be used.
    ---nointerfaces
    Don't generate configuration lines for interfaces.

    This makes cfgmaker skip all steps related to interfaces which means it will not do any polling of the router to retrieve interface information which speeds up the execution of cfgmaker and it will neither run any interface templates.

    ---interfaces
    This makes cfgmaker generate configuration lines for interfaces (the default behaviour).

    The main usage of this option is to negate an --nointerfaces appearing earlier on the command line.

     

    DETAILS ON FILTERS

    The purpose of the filters is to decide which interfaces to accept and which interfaces to reject. This decision is done for each interface by evaluating the filter expression as a piece of Perl code and investigating the result of the evaluation. If true, accept the interface otherwise reject it.

    When working with filters, remember that Perl has it's own idea of what truth and false is. The empty string "`` and the string ''0" are false, all other strings are true. This further imples that any integer value of 0 is false as well as any undef value. It also implies that all references are considered true.

    As the filter is evaluated as a Perl expression, several useful constructs in Perl are worth mentioning:

    Expressions might be grouped by using parentheses ``()''. Expressions might be combined using boolean operators such as the following:

    and (equivalent with &&)

    ``and'' (equivalent with ``&&'')
    Boolean ``and'' of the two expressions, is only true if both expressions are true. Example: expression1 and expression2
    or (equivalent with ||)

    ``or'' (equivalent with ``||'')
    Boolean ``or'' of the two expressions, is true if either or both expressions are true. Example: expression1 or expression2
    not (equivalent with !)

    ``not'' (equivalent with ``!'')
    Boolean negation of a single expression. Example: not expression . Yet another example: !expression

    (For more details on this I recommend a book on Perl)  

    Predefined Filter Variables

    To facilitate, there are a number of predefined values available to use in the filter. Note that these variables are also available when templates interfaces are evaluated (but not host templates).

    Caveat: All these variables' names begin with a dollar sign ($), which is a syntactic requirement for scalar variables in Perl. The danger here is that the dollar sign in many shells is an active character (often used for shell variables exactly as in Perl variables) so it is important to ensure that the Perl expression isn't evaluated by the command line shell as shell code before being passed to cfgmaker as command line arguments. In shells like Bourne shell, ksh shell or bash shell, placing the entire expression within single qoutes will avoid such accidental evaluation:

     '--if-filter=($default_iftype && $if_admin)'
    
    
    

    $if_type
    This is an integer specifying the interface type as per the SNMP standards and as reported by the polled device. A complete list of interface types would be impractical for this document , but there are a number predefined varables below. Normally, cfgmaker puts in the target's PageTop this iftype value within paranthesis after the name of the interface type. (e.g ``propPointToPointSerial (22)'').

    Here's a list of some of the most common interface types by number:

       6 ethernetCsmacd
       7 iso88023Csmacd
       9 iso88025TokenRing
      15 fddi
      19 E1
      20 basicISDN 
      21 primaryISDN
      22 propPointToPointSerial
      23 ppp
      24 softwareLoopback
      30 ds3
      32 frame-relay
      33 rs232
      37 atm
      39 sonet
      44 frameRelayService
      46 hssi
      49 aal5
      53 propVirtual
      62 Fast Ethernet (100BaseT)
      63 ISDN & X.25
      69 Full Duplex Fast Ethernet (100BaseFX)
      94 Asymetric Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL)
     117 Gigabit Ethernet
     134 ATM Sub Interface
    
    
    

    $default
    True if and only if cfgmaker normally should accepted the interface based on the interfaces administrative and operational state (taking the flags ---no-down and ---show-op-down into account) and it's type (and a few other things).
    $default_ifstate
    True if and only if cfgmaker would have accepted the interface based on it's operational and administrative states (also taking into account the presence of the flags ---no-down and ---show-op-down).
    $default_iftype
    True if and only if cfgmaker would have accepted the interface based on it's type (and a few type specific details in addition).
    $if_admin
    True if and only if the interface is in an adminstrative up state.
    $if_oper
    True if and only if the interface is in an operational up state.

    A number of variables are also predefined to easily decide if an interface belong to a certain cathegory or not. Below is all those variables listed together with which if_type numbers each variable will be true for. Note that some variables refer to other variables as well.

    $if_is_ethernet
    True for ethernet interfaces (nr 6, 7, 26, 62, 69 and 117).
    $if_is_isdn
    True for various ISDN interface types (nr 20, 21, 63, 75, 76 and 77)
    $if_is_dialup
    True for dial-up interfaces such as PPP as well as ISDN. (nr 23, 81, 82 and 108 in addition to the numbers of $if_is_isdn).
    $if_is_atm
    True for miscellaneous ATM related interface types (nr 37, 49, 107, 105, 106, 114 and 134).
    $if_is_lan
    True for LAN interfaces (8, 9, 11, 15, 26, 55, 59, 60 and 115 in addition to the numbers of $if_is_ethernet).
    $if_is_dsl
    True for ADSL, RDSL, HDSL and SDSL (nr 94, 95, 96, 97)
    $if_is_loopback
    True for software loopback interfaces (nr 24)
    $if_is_ciscovlan
    True for Cisco VLAN interfaces (interfaces with the word Vlan or VLAN in their ifdescs)

    Besides of that, all the variables available in cfgmaker is at the scripts disposal even if the use of such features is discouraged. More ``shortcuts'' in the form of variables and functions will be made avaiable in the future instead.  

    Examples on Filters

    The following filter will not affect which interfaces get's included or excluded, it will make cfgmaker behave as normally.

     '--if-filter=$default'
    
    
    
    The following filter will make cfgmaker exclude PPP (23) interfaces:

     '--if-filter=$default && $if_type!=23'
    
    
    
    The following filter will make cfgmaker behave as usual except that it will consider the operational state of an interface irrelevant but still reject all interfaces which are administratively down.

     '--if-filter=$if_admin && $default_iftype'
    
    
    
     

    DETAILS ON TEMPLATES

    The contents of the template files are evaluated as a Perl program. A number or Perl variables are available for the program to read and others are used to be written to.

    As quite a few of the predefined variables has values which are are supposed to be used in HTML code some of them have an ``HTML-escaped'' variant, e.g $html_syslocation is the HTML escaped variant of $syslocation. The HTML escaping means that the chars ``<'', ``>'' and ``&'' are replaced by ``&lt;'', ``&gt;'' and ``&amp;'' and that newlines embedded in the string are prepended with ``<BR>'' and appended with a space character (if a newline is last in the string it is not touched).  

    Writable Template Variables

    These are the variables available to store the configuration lines in. Some of them are initialized prior to the evaluation of the template but such content normally is comments for inclusion in the final configuration file so those variables might be reset to the empty string in the template code to eliminate the comments. The other way around is also possible, the contents of these variables might be extended with further information for various reasons such as debugging etc.

    Once the template has been evaluated, the following happens: if the template is a interface template and the actual interface for some reason is rejected and thus needs to be commented out, all the lines in the variable $target_lines are turned into comments by adding a hash mark (``#'') at their beginning. Then all the variables $head_lines, $problem_lines , $target_lines and $separator_lines are concatenated together to form the lines to add to the configuration file.

    $target_lines
    This variable is the placeholder for the configuration lines created by the template. $target_lines is predefined to be empty when the template code is evaluated.
    $head_lines
    This variable is intended to be the placeholder for the comment line appearing just before the target in the configuration file. It is initialized with that comment line before the evaluation of the template code and if the template doesn't modify $head_lines during evaluation, the comment will look like usual in the config file.
    $problem_lines
    This variable is intended to be the placholder for the comment lines describing any problems which might have been encountered when trying to add the target into the configuration. For host templates it's normally not used and for those it's predefined as the empty string. For interface templates $problem_lines is predefined with the error description comments which cfgmaker normally would use for rejected interfaces or as the empty string for accepted interfaces.

    It is possible to test against $problem_lines to find out if an interface will be included or rejected but this is not recommended. Test against $if_ok instead.

    $separator_lines
    This variable is the placeholder for the string to use as the separator between the code for individual targets. The contents of this variable is put after each target (so the lines will appear after the end of the last target in the config as well).
     

    Predefined Template Variables

    All the variables below are available for interface templates to use. For host templates, only those listed under the Host and System Variables entry elsewhere in this document are available.

    For interface templates the variables listed under the Predefined Filter Variables entry elsewhere in this document are also available.

    Host and System Variables

    $router_name
    This is the fully qualified name for the router. It is affected by the following items on the command line: the router name itself and ---dns-domain.
    $router_connect
    This is the reference string for the router being polled. It is on the form community@router possibly followed by some snmp options. It is affected by the following items on the command line: the router name itself, ---community, ---snmp-options and ---dns-domain. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $directory_name
    This variable should contain the directory name as cfgmaker normally would use as the value for the ``Directory[]'' directive. The value is determined by the ---subdirs command line option. If ---subdirs isn't specified $directory_name will be the empty string. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $syscontact
    This variable is the router's SNMP sysContact value. (HTML escaped variant: $html_syscontact)
    $sysname
    This variable is the router's SNMP sysName value. (No HTML escaped variant available)
    $syslocation
    This variable is the router's SNMP sysLocation value. (HTML escaped variant: $html_syslocation)
    $sysdescr
    This variable is the router's SNMP sysDescr value. It is normally not used by cfgmaker but might be useful in a template. (HTML escaped variant: $html_sysdescr)

    Interface Target Related Variables

    $target_name
    This is what cfgmaker normally would use as the the name of the target. The target name is what is found within the square brackets, ``[]'', for target directives. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_ref
    This the reference string for the interface. It is expected to be used in the ``Target[xyz]'' directive to distinguish what interface to use. The value of this variable is affected by the ---ifref command line option. It is normally used together with $router_connect. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_ok
    This variable is true if the interface is going to be included into the configuration file, otherwise false. Don't test against other variables such as $problem_lines to find out if an interface will be rejected or not, use this $if_ok instead.
    $default_target_lines
    This variable contains all the target lines which cfgmaker by default outputs for this interface. It's useful if you want to have the ``standard target'' but want to add some extra lines to it by using a template.

    By default cfgmaker uses the following directives for each target it generates: Target[], SetEnv[], MaxBytes[], Title[], PageTop[] and if there is any directory specified also the Directory[] directive.

    To facilitate the creation of templates which generates target configs which are similar to the default one, each of the above mentioned directive lines have a corresponding variable containing the line as cfgmaker would have output it by default.

    Note that none of these have a HTML escaped variant, text in them is HTML escaped where needed. Also note that they do not have any newline at the end.

    $default_target_directive
    This variable contains the default string for the Target[] directive line.
    $default_setenv_directive
    This variable contains the default string for the SetEnv[] directive line.
    $default_directory_directive
    This variable contains the default string for the Directory[] directive line which means it is an empty string (with no newline) if there's no directory.
    $default_maxbytes_directive
    This variable contains the default string for the MaxBytes[] directive line.
    $default_title_directive
    This variable contains the default string for the Title[] directive line.
    $default_pagetop_directive
    This variable contains the default string for the PageTop[] directive lines.

    Interface Network Configuration Variables

    $if_ip
    This variable should contain the IP-address of the interface, if any has been assigned to it. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $ifindex
    This variable is the SNMP ifIndex for the interface which per definition always is an integer. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_index
    Equivalent with $ifindex.
    $if_eth
    Contains the ethernet address of the interface, if any. (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_speed
    This variable is the speed in bytes/second (with prefixes). (There's no HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_speed_str
    This variable is a cooked speed description which is either in bits or bytes depending on wether or not the bits option is active and also with the proper prefix for the speed (k, M, G etc). (No HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_type_desc
    This variable is a textual description of the interface type. (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_type_desc)
    $if_type_num
    This variable the integer value corresponding to the interface type (for a listing for the value for the more common interface types, see the section DETAILS ON FILTERS above). (No HTML escaped variant available)
    $if_dns_name
    This is the DNS name for the interface. (No HTML escaped variant available)

    Interface Name, Description and Alias Variables

    It might seem confusing with both Name, Description and Alias in this context and to some extent it is. Name and Description are usually supported on most equipment but how they are used varies, both between manufacturers as well as between different cathegories of equipment from the same manufacturer. The Alias is at least supported by Cisco IOS, and that variable contains whatever is used in the IOS statement called ``description'' for the interface (not to be confused with the SNMP variables for Description).

    For better control from the command line consider $if_title_desc which contents are controlled by the ---if-descr command line option.

    $if_snmp_descr
    This variable should contain the ``raw'' description of the interface as determined by the SNMP polling of the router. (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_snmp_descr)
    $if_snmp_name
    The ``raw'' name for the interface as provided by SNMP polling. (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_snmp_name)
    $if_snmp_alias
    The ``raw'' ifAlias for the interface as provided by SNMP polling. (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_snmp_alias)
    $if_cisco_descr
    The ``raw'' CiscolocIfDescr for the interface as provided by SNMP polling. (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_cisco_descr)
    $if_description
    This is the ``cooked'' description string for the interface, taking into account the SNMP values found for the interface's RDescr, ifAlias and CiscolocIfDescr. (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_description)
    $if_title
    The full string cfgmaker by default would have used for the Title[] directive in the configuration as well as the content of the topmost H1 tag in the PageTop[]. Is composed by the contents of $desc_prefix, $if_title_desc and $sysname.

    As $if_title depends on $if_title_desc, it is possible to indirectly control $if_title by using the command line option ---if-descr.

    (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_title)

    $if_port_name
    If the host is a Cisco Catalyst LAN switch, this variable is the name of that port. (No HTML escaped variant available)
    $desc_prefix
    This variable is a prefix of the description of what the target is to use in the ``Title[]'' directive and in the H1 section of the ``PageTop[]''. Default is ``Traffic analysis for ''. (HTML escaped variant: $html_desc_prefix)
    $if_title_desc
    This is the description of the interface normally used by cfgmaker as part of the variable $if_title. The latter is used as the full string in the ``Title[]'' directove and the H1 section in the PageTop[].

    $if_title_desc is controlled by the command line option ---if-descr which indirectly controls the contents of $if_title

    (HTML escaped variant: $html_if_title_desc)

     

    Help Functions for Templates

    The following functions exists to facilitate the writing of host and interface templates.
    html_escape(string)
    html_escape() takes a string as an argument and returns a new string where the following substitutions has been done: the chars ``<'', ``>'' and ``&'' are replaced by ``&lt;'', ``&gt;'' and ``&amp;'' and that newlines embedded in the string are prepended with ``<BR>'' and appended with a space character (newlines at the end of the string are not touched).
     

    Example Template Files

    Template Example 1: Eliminating Rejected Targets From Appearing

    This template file generates exactly the same configuration code per interface as cfgmaker does by default, with the exception that it eliminates all lines (comments as well as config code) for an interface if the interface happens to be rejected.

     if(not $problem_lines)
     {
       $target_lines .= <<ECHO;
    
    
    
     Target[$target_name]: $if_ref:$router_connect
     SetEnv[$target_name]: MRTG_INT_IP="$if_ip" MRTG_INT_DESCR="$if_snmp_descr"
     ECHO
    
    
    
       if ($directory_name) {
           $target_lines .= "Directory[$target_name]: $directory_name\n";
       }
    
    
    
       $target_lines .= <<ECHO;
     MaxBytes[$target_name]: $if_speed
     Title[$target_name]: $html_desc_prefix$html_if_title_desc -- $sysname
     PageTop[$target_name]: <H1>$html_desc_prefix$html_if_title_desc -- $sysname</H1>
      <TABLE>
        <TR><TD>System:</TD>     <TD>$sysname in $html_syslocation</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD> <TD>$html_syscontact</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>Description:</TD><TD>$html_if_description</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>ifType:</TD>     <TD>$html_if_type_desc ($if_type_num)</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>ifName:</TD>     <TD>$html_if_snmp_name</TD></TR>
     ECHO
    
    
    
       $target_lines .= <<ECHO if defined $if_port_name;
        <TR><TD>Port Name:</TD>  <TD>$if_port_name</TD></TR>
     ECHO
    
    
    
       $target_lines .= <<ECHO;
        <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>  <TD>$if_speed_str</TD></TR>
     ECHO
    
    
    
       $target_lines .= <<ECHO if $if_ip;
        <TR><TD>Ip:</TD>         <TD>$if_ip ($if_dns_name)</TD></TR>
     ECHO
    
    
    
       $target_lines .= <<ECHO;
      </TABLE>
     ECHO
     } else {
       $head_lines="";
       $problem_lines="";
       $target_lines="";
       $separator_lines="";
     }
    
    
    
    Template Example 2: Simplier Version of Example 1

    Example 1 was partly intended to demonstrate how to customize the generation of interface targets but also to provide a hint of how the variables are used in the ``default'' template which one could consider that cfgmaker normally uses.

    If you're only intrested in the easiest way of entirely eliminating those reject interfaces, the template below would do the job as well by using $default_target_lines.

     if($if_ok) {
      $target_lines = $default_target_lines;
     } else {
       $head_lines="";
       $problem_lines="";
       $target_lines="";
       $separator_lines="";
     }
    
    
    
    Template Example 3: Creating CPU Targets for Hosts

    Below is an example of a host template.

     $head_lines .= <<ECHO;
     #---------------------------------------------------------------------
     ECHO
    
    
    
     my $target_name = $router_name . ".cpu";
    
    
    
     $target_lines .= <<ECHO;
    
    
    
     YLegend[$target_name]: Percentage CPU load
     ShortLegend[$target_name]: %
     Legend1[$target_name]: CPU load in %
     Legend2[$target_name]: 
     Legend3[$target_name]: Max Observed CPU load
     Legend4[$target_name]: 
     LegendI[$target_name]: &nbsp;CPU Load:
     LegendO[$target_name]: 
     WithPeak[$target_name]: ywm
     MaxBytes[$target_name]: 100
     Options[$target_name]: growright, gauge, nopercent
     Title[$target_name]: $router_name CPU load
     Target[$target_name]: 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.2.1.58.0&1.3.6.1.4.1.9.2.1.58.0:$router_connect
     PageTop[$target_name]: <H1>$router_name CPU load</H1>
       <TABLE>
         <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>$router_name in $html_syslocation</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>$html_syscontact</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD VALIGN="top">Description:</TD><TD>$html_sysdescr</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Resource:</TD><TD>CPU.</TD></TR>
       </TABLE>
     ECHO
    
    
    
     

    EXAMPLES

    The first example creates a config file for router.place.xyz: the router has the community name public. Interfaces get identified by their IP number. Two global options get added to the config file. The config file gets redirected to mrtg.conf. The '\' signs at the end of the line mean that this command should be written on a single line.

     cfgmaker --global "WorkDir: /home/tobi"           \
              --global "Options[_]: growright,bits"    \
              --ifref=ip                               \
              public@router.place.xyz > mrtg.cfg
    
    
    
    The next example creates a config file for four devices: router1.place.xyz, router2.place.xyz, switch1.place.xyz and switch2.place.xyz all with the community public.

    The two routers will have ---ifref set to descr whilst the two switches will use ---ifref set to name. Further the routers will use ---ifdesc set to alias and switch1.place.xyz will use ---ifdesc set to descr whilst switch2.place.xyz use name instead.

    Finally, there will be two Options lines inserted in the configuration: One will be in the beginning, whilst the other will be inserted after the lines related to the two routers but before those lines related to the switches.

     cfgmaker --global "WorkDir: /home/tobi"           \
              --global "Options[_]: growright,bits"    \
              --ifref=descr                            \
              --ifdesc=alias                           \
              public@router1.place.xyz                 \
              public@router2.place.xyz                 \
              --global "Options[_]: growright"         \
              --ifref=name                             \
              --ifdesc=descr                           \
              public@switch1.place.xyz                 \
              --ifdesc=name                            \
              public@switch2.place.xyz > mrtg.cfg
    
    
    
    The next example demonstrates how to use the ---community, ---snmp-options and ---dns-domain to make the command line simpler. All the equipment will use the community hidden, except for the ppp-server which use community access. All equipment uses these SNMP options: 1s timeout, 1 retry and SNMP version 2 (backoff and port is unspecified which means they use the default values). The exception again is the ppp-server which uses SNMP version 1. Finally, all the equipment is part of the domain place.xyz, except for the ppp-server which is part of the domain remote.place.xyz. Note that the latter is achieved simply by specifying the name of the ppp-server to be ppp-server.remote .

     cfgmaker --global "WorkDir: /home/tobi"           \
              --global "Options[_]: growright,bits"    \
              --dns-domain=place.xyz                   \
              --community=hidden                       \
              --snmp-options=::1:1::2                  \
              router1                                  \
              router2                                  \
              router3                                  \
              router4                                  \
              router5                                  \
              switch1                                  \
              switch2                                  \
              switch3                                  \
              switch4                                  \
              switch5                                  \
              switch6                                  \
              switch7                                  \
              access@ppp-server.remote:::::1 > mrtg.cfg
    
    
    
     

    SEE ALSO

    the reference manpage  

    AUTHOR

    Tobias Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch> and Jakob Ilves <jakob.ilves@oracle.com>  

    LICENSE

    GNU General Public License  

    COPYRIGHT

    Cfgmaker is Copyright 2000 by Tobias Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch>


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    OPTIONS
    DESCRIPTION
    Configuration
    DETAILS ON FILTERS
    Predefined Filter Variables
    Examples on Filters
    DETAILS ON TEMPLATES
    Writable Template Variables
    Predefined Template Variables
    Help Functions for Templates
    Example Template Files
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    LICENSE
    COPYRIGHT


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