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bge (7)
  • bge (4) ( FreeBSD man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
  • >> bge (7) ( Solaris man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
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    NAME

    bge - SUNW,bge Gigabit Ethernet driver for Broadcom BCM57xx
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    /dev/bge*
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The bge Gigabit Ethernet driver is a multi-threaded, loadable, clonable, GLD-based STREAMS driver supporting the Data Link Provider Interface, dlpi(7P), on Broadcom BCM57xx (BCM5700/5701/5703/5704/5705/5705M/5714/5721/5751/5751M/5782/5788 on x86) Gigabit Ethernet controllers fitted to the system motherboard. With the exception of BCM5700/BCM5701/BCM5704S, these devices incorporate both MAC and PHY functions and provide three-speed (copper) Ethernet operation on the RJ-45 connectors. (BCM5700/BCM5701/BCM5704S do not have a PHY integrated into the MAC chipset.)

    The bge driver functions include controller initialization, frame transmit and receive, promiscuous and multicast support, and error recovery and reporting.

    The bge driver and hardware support auto-negotiation, a protocol specified by the 1000 Base-T standard. Auto-negotiation allows each device to advertise its capabilities and discover those of its peer (link partner). The highest common denominator supported by both link partners is automatically selected, yielding the greatest available throughput, while requiring no manual configuration. The bge driver also allows you to configure the advertised capabilities to less than the maximum (where the full speed of the interface is not required), or to force a specific mode of operation, irrespective of the link partner's advertised capabilities.  

    APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE

    The cloning character-special device, /dev/bge, is used to access all BCM57xx devices ( (BCM5700/5701/5703/5704, 5705/5714/5721/5751/5751M/5782 on x86) fitted to the system motherboard.

    The bge driver is managed by the dladm(1M) command line utility, which allows VLANs to be defined on top of bge instances and for bge instances to be aggregated. See dladm(1M) for more details.

    You must send an explicit DL_ATTACH_REQ message to associate the opened stream with a particular device (PPA). The PPA ID is interpreted as an unsigned integer data type and indicates the corresponding device instance (unit) number. The driver returns an error (DL_ERROR_ACK) if the PPA field value does not correspond to a valid device instance number for the system. The device is initialized on first attach and de-initialized (stopped) at last detach.

    The values returned by the driver in the DL_INFO_ACK primitive in response to a DL_INFO_REQ are:

    o Maximum SDU (default 1500).
    o Minimum SDU (default 0).
    o DLSAP address length is 8.
    o MAC type is DL_ETHER.
    o SAP length value is -2, meaning the physical address component is followed immediately by a 2-byte SAP component within the DLSAP address.
    o Broadcast address value is the Ethernet/IEEE broadcast address (FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF).

    Once in the DL_ATTACHED state, you must send a DL_BIND_REQ to associate a particular Service Access Point (SAP) with the stream.  

    CONFIGURATION

    By default, the bge driver performs auto-negotiation to select the link speed and mode. Link speed and mode can be any one of the following, (as described in the IEEE803.2 standard):

    o 1000 Mbps, full-duplex
    o 1000 Mbps, half-duplex
    o 100 Mbps, full-duplex
    o 100 Mbps, half-duplex
    o 10 Mbps, full-duplex
    o 10 Mbps, half-duplex

    The auto-negotiation protocol automatically selects:

    o Speed (1000 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 10 Mbps)
    o Operation mode (full-duplex or half-duplex)

    as the highest common denominator supported by both link partners. Because the bge device supports all modes, the effect is to select the highest throughput mode supported by the other device.

    Alternatively, you can set the capabilities advertised by the bge device using dladm(1M). The driver supports a number of parameters whose names begin with en_ (see below). Each of these parameters contains a boolean value that determines whether the device advertises that mode of operation. If en_autoneg_cap is set to 0, the driver forces the mode of operation selected by the first non-zero parameter in priority order as listed below:

        (highest priority/greatest throughput)
             en_1000fdx_cap        1000Mbps full duplex
             en_1000hdx_cap        1000Mpbs half duplex
             en_100fdx_cap         100Mpbs full duplex
             en_100hdx_cap         100Mpbs half duplex
             en_10fdx_cap          10Mpbs full duplex
             en_10hdx_cap          10Mpbs half duplex
                              (lowest priority/least throughput)
    

    For example, to prevent the device 'bge2' from advertising gigabit capabilities, enter (as super-user):

    # dladm set-linkprop -p enable_1000hdx_cap=0  bge2
    # dladm set-linkprop -p enable_1000fdx_cap=0 bge2
    

    All capabilities default to enabled. Note that changing any capability parameter causes the link to go down while the link partners renegotiate the link speed/duplex using the newly changed capabilities.

    The current settings of the parameters may be found using dladm show-ether. In addition, the driver exports the current state, speed, duplex setting, and working mode of the link via kstat parameters (these are read only and may not be changed). For example, to check link state of device bge0:

    # dladm show-ether -x bge0
    LINK       PTYPE    STATE    AUTO  SPEED-DUPLEX            PAUSE
    bge0       current  up       yes   1G-f                    bi
    --         capable  --       yes   1G-fh,100M-fh,10M-fh    bi
    --         adv      --       yes   1G-fh                   bi
    --         peeradv  --       yes   1G-f                    bi
    

    The output above indicates that the link is up and running at 1Gbps full-duplex with its rx/tx direction pause capability.

    To extract link state information for the same link using kstat:

    # kstat bge:0:mac:link_state
    module: bge                 instance: 0     
    name:   mac                 class:    net
    link_state 
    

    The default MTU is 1500. To enable Jumbo Frames support, you can configure the bge driver by defining the default_mtu property via dladm(1M) or in driver.conf(4) to greater than 1500 bytes (for example: default_mtu=9000). Note that the largest jumbo size supported by bge is 9000 bytes. Additionally, not all bge-derived devices currently support Jumbo Frames. The following devices support Jumbo Frames up to 9KB: BCM5700, 5701, 5702, 5703C, 5703S, 5704C, 5704S, 5714C, 5714S, 5715C and 5715S. Other devices currently do not support Jumbo Frames.  

    FILES

    /kernel/drv/bge*

    32-bit ELF kernel module. (x86)

    /kernel/drv/amd64/bge

    64-bit ELF kernel module (x86).

    /kernel/drv/sparcv9/bge

    64-bit ELF kernel module (SPARC).

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for a description of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    ArchitectureSPARC, x86

     

    SEE ALSO

    dladm(1M), driver.conf(4), attributes(5), streamio(7I), dlpi(7P)

    Writing Device Drivers

    STREAMS Programming Guide

    Network Interfaces Programmer's Guide


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE
    CONFIGURATION
    FILES
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO


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